Peasehttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/People/DispForm.aspx?ID=45PeaseCraig PeaseProfessor of Science and Law<img alt="" src="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/people/Pease_Craig.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />PhD, University of Chicago, 1985MS, University of California, Los Angeles, 1981BA, University of California, Los Angeles, 1977802-831-1307<div>Dr. Craig M. Pease, a research scientist, teaches science courses to Vermont Law School students, pursues his scientific research on population dynamics, works to improve the role of science in public policy and decision-making, and writes a regular Science and the Law column for the <em>Environmental Forum</em>.</div><div><br>He holds expertise in demographic and population models, particularly of plants, songbirds, and bears. He is a leading expert on the Yellowstone grizzlies, and filed a petition asking that they be listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. He challenged the federal government's handling of Yellowstone grizzly bear research and has repeatedly asked the U.S. government to release its voluminous, and mostly secret, scientific data on Yellowstone grizzly bears. The questions that direct his research are simple: What does the scientific data show, and what is the best management approach given this scientific knowledge?</div><div><br>Dr. Pease's VLS students learn to read, understand, and critique scientific papers, using the same questions and approach that scientists themselves employ. His students, for example, read scientific papers on dioxin and cancer, hurricanes and global climate change, mercury and cognitive ability, and the reliability of eyewitness evidence, among other topics of interest to environmental attorneys. In his classes, he uses specific scientific papers to illustrate and develop more general concepts about how science operates, as outlined in <em>Science for Business, Law and Journalism</em>, a short text that he has coauthored on the scientific method.<br>He received his BA degree in biology, summa cum laude, in 1977 and an MS degree in systems science (engineering) in 1981, both from the University of California, Los Angeles, and his PhD degree in evolutionary biology from the University of Chicago in 1985. He did a post-doctorate in applied mathematics at the Weizmann Institute of Science. He was a faculty member at the University of Texas at Austin from 1986 to 1998, when he joined the VLS faculty.</div>GP0|#517247a3-c456-4448-8353-d0e408b6d4a0;L0|#0517247a3-c456-4448-8353-d0e408b6d4a0|Endangered Species;GTSet|#d472df4a-bfc1-44e1-aba0-d9d3ce47ddf9;GP0|#80a2dac1-588e-4edc-b51d-aec40d22c160;L0|#080a2dac1-588e-4edc-b51d-aec40d22c160|Science and the LawGP0|#84094f35-8eaa-4481-b414-8bc4beec3f97;L0|#084094f35-8eaa-4481-b414-8bc4beec3f97|Faculty;GTSet|#f56df0fa-9bdb-4e22-abac-ddf5f696a71d;GPP|#d56ffc52-3a80-49e2-95fd-f49b2d4639a1

Biography

Biography

Accomplishments & Activities

Accomplishments & Activities

 

 

 

 

Environmental Forum - Science and the Law Columnhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1781Environmental Forum - Science and the Law Column<div class="ExternalClassA2C97769BEEE47AD9838D338FD825EF3"><p><strong>Environmental Forum - Science and the Law Column</strong><br> ​The Environmental Forum is a publication of the <a href="http://www.eli.org/" target="_blank">Environmental Law Institute</a>.</p><p> <em><a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumSepOct2014.pdf" target="_blank">Investigating the Temperature Trend</a> (September-October 2014)></em></p> <em> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumJulAug2014.pdf" target="_blank">Humans Are Plastic Fantastic Lovers</a></em> (July-August 2014).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumMayJun2014.pdf" target="_blank">Climate Sensitivity on the Increase</a></em> (May-June 2014).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumMarApr2014.pdf" target="_blank">Agriculture Doth Protest Too Much</a></em> (March-April 2014).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumJanFeb2014.pdf" target="_blank">Typhoons, Heat Waves, Climate</a></em> (January-February 2014).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PEASE_FORUM_NOV-DEC_2013.pdf" target="_blank">A Science and Policy Smog</a></em> (November/December 2013).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumSepOct2013.pdf" target="_blank">Carbon Capture Gambit Declined</a></em> (September/October 2013).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumJulAug2013.pdf" target="_blank">More Carbon, Less Science</a></em> (July/August 2013).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumMayJun2013.pdf" target="_blank">Chesapeake Bay, RIP—or TMDL?</a></em> (May/June 2013).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumMarchApr2013.pdf" target="_blank">Enclosing the DNA Commons</a></em> (March/April 2013).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PEASE_FORUM_JAN-FEB_2013.pdf" target="_blank">Aliens Live in Our Brains!!!</a></em> (January/February 2013).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumNov2012.pdf" target="_blank">Humanity's Beef With Bacteria</a></em> (November/December 2012).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PEASE_FORUM_2012_SEP-OCT.pdf" target="_blank">The Weight of the Evidence</a></em> (September/October 2012).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumJulAug2012.pdf" target="_blank">Fish Story: A Tale of Toxicity</a></em> (July/August 2012).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumMayJun2012.pdf" target="_blank">The Keystone Pipeline EIS</a></em> (May/June 2012).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumMarApr2012.pdf" target="_blank">Fracking: Turning Money Into Data</a></em> (March/April 2012).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumJan2012.pdf" target="_blank">When Science Evaluates Judges</a></em> (January/February 2012).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumNov2011.pdf" target="_blank">TSCA: Economic Limits to Science</a></em> (November/December 2011).</p> <p> <em> <a title="A Conspiracy of Silence" href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumSepOct2011.pdf">A Conspiracy of Climate Science?</a></em>(September/October 2011).</p> <p> <em> <a title="Attorney/Expert Communications" href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumJulAug2011.PDF">Attorney/Expert Communications</a></em> (July/August 2011).</p> <p> <em> <a title="The New Scientific Integrity Guidelines" href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumMayJun2011.pdf" target="_blank">The New Scientific Integrity Guidelines</a></em> (May/June 2011).</p> <p> <em> <a title="Link to PDF" href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumMarApr2011.pdf" target="_blank">A Tale of Pesticides Then and Now</a></em> (March/April 2011).</p> <p> <em> <a title="Link to PDF" href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumJanFeb2011.pdf">An International Perspective</a></em> (January/February 2011).</p> <p> <em> <a title="Link to November/December Article PDF" href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumNovDec2010.pdf">Climate Change Political Paralysis</a></em> (November/December 2010).</p> <p> <em> <a title="Link to Sept Oct 2010 article" href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumSepOct2010.pdf">The Hazards on Your Dinner Plate</a></em> (September/October 2010).</p> <p> <em> <a title="Link to July/August 2010 Forum PDF" href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumJulAug2010.pdf" target="_blank">Outsourcing Science and Engineering</a></em> (July/August 2010).</p> <p> <em> <a title="Link to Pease Forum article (.pdf)" href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumMayJun2010.pdf" target="_blank">Mixing Smelt, Salmon, and People</a></em> (May/June 2010).</p> <p> <em> <a title="Link to March/April 2010 Forum article (.pdf)" href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumMarApr2010.pdf" target="_blank">Habitat Loss and Bird Extinctions</a></em> (March/April 2010).</p> <p> <em> <a title="January February 2010 Forum PDF " href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumJanFeb2010.pdf" target="_blank">A Tale Of Two GM Organism Cases</a></em> (January/February 2010).</p> <p> <em> <a title="November December 2009 Forum" href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumNovDec2009.pdf" target="_blank">Costs, Benefits, Malthus's Mistake</a></em> (November/December 2009).</p> <p> <em> <a title="Link to September October 2009 Forum PDF" href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumSepOct2010.pdf" target="_blank">Toxicity: You Can't Dial C For Cancer</a></em> (September/October 2009).</p> <p> <em> <a title="July/August 2009 edition of The Forum." href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumJulAug2009.pdf" target="_blank">Too Much Lobster (And Too Few Cod)</a></em> (July/August 2009).</p> <p> <em> <a title="link to May - June 2009 edition of Science and the Law." href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/peaseForum-mayJune2009.pdf" target="_blank">It’s Owls All The Way Down</a></em> (May/June 2009).</p> <p> <em> <a title="Link to March - April 2009 edition of Science and the Law." href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/peaseForum-marchApril2009.pdf" target="_blank">How Might We Cool the Earth?</a></em> (March/April 2009).</p> <p> <em> <a title="January - February 2009 issue of Science and the Law" href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/peaseForum-JanFeb2009.pdf" target="_blank">Do Cell Phones Cause Cancer?</a></em> (January/February 2009).</p> <p> <em> <a title="Link to Craig Pease PDF" href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/peaseForum-NovDec2008.pdf" target="_blank">Strong Evidence for a Small Harm</a></em> (November/December 2008).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/peaseForum-SeptOct2008.pdf" target="_blank">Will "Peak Coal" Limit Warming?</a></em> (September/October 2008).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/peaseForum-JulyAugust2008.pdf" target="_blank">Land Use: You Can't Argue with the Data</a></em> (July/August 2008).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/peaseForum-MayJune2008.pdf" target="_blank">A Stone Wall or a Stonewall?</a></em> (May/June 2008).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/peaseForum-MarchApril2008.pdf" target="_blank">A Climate of Uncertainty</a></em> (March/April 2008).</p> <p> <em> <a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/peaseForum-JanFeb2008.pdf" target="_blank">Absurdity of Individual Harm</a></em> (January/February 2008).</p> </em></div>1781Publication
Temporal Variation in the Carrying Capacity of a Perennial Grass Populationhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1790Temporal Variation in the Carrying Capacity of a Perennial Grass Population<div class="ExternalClassFAE4BBC7B3294395A7F3DAD51FAEB074"> ​With N. L. Fowler, <em>Temporal Variation in the Carrying Capacity of a Perennial Grass Population</em>. 175 The American Naturalist 504-512 (2010).​ </div>1790Publication
Detection of Density Dependence Requires Density Manipulations and Calculation of λhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1791Detection of Density Dependence Requires Density Manipulations and Calculation of λ<div class="ExternalClass2350070FDE16477787B97AE8867CCFD2"> ​With N. L. Fowler and R. D. Overath, <em>Detection of Density Dependence Requires Density Manipulations and Calculation of λ</em>, 87 Ecology 655–664 (2006).​ </div>1791Publication
In defense of N > 1http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1794In defense of N > 1<div class="ExternalClass5B46A5254E3644D286A1A83CA9D25EEE"> <em>In defense of N > 1</em>, 55 BioScience 100 (2005).​ </div>http://www.bioone.org/archive/0006-3568/55/2/pdf/i0006-3568-55-2-100.pdf1794Publication
A pro-business bias in environmental law at Frontiers?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1793A pro-business bias in environmental law at Frontiers?<div class="ExternalClass14E571390A464CF2950B2137F9638F59"> ​<em>A pro-business bias in environmental law at Frontiers?</em>, 3 Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 131-132 (2005).​ </div>1793Publication
Renesting determines seasonal fecundity in songbirds: What do we know? What should we assume?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1792Renesting determines seasonal fecundity in songbirds: What do we know? What should we assume?<div class="ExternalClassD0634F7117504BFCBEB09705820D4785"> ​With J. A. Grzybowski, <em>Renesting determines seasonal fecundity in songbirds: What do we know? What should we assume?</em>, 122 Auk 280-291 (2005).​</div>1792Publication
Comparing the Relative Effects of Nest Predation and Brood Parasitism on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birdshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1784Comparing the Relative Effects of Nest Predation and Brood Parasitism on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birds<div class="ExternalClassEE1407E27F4A44629E9C973096E0D8AF"> <em>Comparing the Relative Effects of Nest Predation and Brood Parasitism on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birds</em>, Austin Cowbird Symposium​ (U. Texas Press 2000). </div>1784Publication
Comparing the Relative Effects of Nest Predation and Brood Parasitism on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birdshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1783Comparing the Relative Effects of Nest Predation and Brood Parasitism on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birds<div class="ExternalClassEDE4996212F34E0DB1F5B356768D0F8F"> ​With J. A. Grzybowski, "Comparing the Relative Effects of Nest Predation and Brood Parasitism on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birds," <em>Ecology and Management of Cowbirds and Their Hosts: Studies in the Conservation of North American Passerine Birds</em> 145 J. N. Smith et al., eds. 2000).​ </div>1783Publication
Cowbirds: Villains or Scapegoats?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1836Cowbirds: Villains or Scapegoats?<div class="ExternalClassE8F4222FDEBA45388AE81DFCFA68C43A"> ​With J. A. Grzybowski, <em>Cowbirds: Villains or Scapegoats?</em>, 31 Birding 448 (1999). ​ </div>1836Publication
Demography of the Yellowstone Grizzly Bearshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1798Demography of the Yellowstone Grizzly Bears<div class="ExternalClassA3B8E1B4AF60475FA4A8E0C12603F9A8"> ​With D. J. Mattson, <em>Demography of the Yellowstone Grizzly Bears</em>, 80 Ecology 957–975 (1999).​ </div>1798Publication
A Model of the Dynamics of Cowbirds and their Host Communitieshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1797A Model of the Dynamics of Cowbirds and their Host Communities<div class="ExternalClass5308E309C75D4B0D94E9DBC21032AC11"> ​With J. A. Grzybowski, <em>A Model of the Dynamics of Cowbirds and their Host Communities</em>, 116 Auk 209 (1999).​ </div>1797Publication
Biology for Businesshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1800Biology for Business<div class="ExternalClass498196F78C8B487E9DEF5F7D203436B0"> ​With J. J. Bull, <em>Biology for Business</em>, Law and Liberal Arts (1998).​ </div>1800Publication
Consistency of Interneuronal Group Formation in Response to Simulation of Identified Cellshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1799Consistency of Interneuronal Group Formation in Response to Simulation of Identified Cells<div class="ExternalClass7963CCF892494B878F3359B4DC87E5DE"> ​With J. L. Larimer et al., <em>Consistency of Interneuronal Group Formation in Response to Simulation of Identified Cells</em>, 182 J. Comp. Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology 509 (1998).​ </div>1799Publication
A Systematic Approach to Some Aspects of Conservation Biologyhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1801A Systematic Approach to Some Aspects of Conservation Biology<div class="ExternalClass49AD93055C7E4869AF58AEDAF555F0BE"> With N. L. Fowler, <em>A Systematic Approach to Some Aspects of Conservation Biology</em>, 78 Ecology 1321–1329 (1997). ​ </div>1801Publication
Science and Management of Yellowstone Grizzly Bearshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1803Science and Management of Yellowstone Grizzly Bears<div class="ExternalClass80CA79C5B7214C65A2A6FAF2FAEC386E"> ​With D. J. Mattson et al., <em>Science and Management of Yellowstone Grizzly Bears</em>, 10 Conservation Biology 1013 (1996).​ </div>1803Publication
Designing and managing protected areas for grizzly bears: How much is enough?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1785Designing and managing protected areas for grizzly bears: How much is enough?<div class="ExternalClassF94971F1B93C42E98C1D41091FE14659"> ​With D. J. Mattson et al., "Designing and managing protected areas for grizzly bears: How much is enough?," in <em>National Parks and Protected Areas: Their Role in Environmental Protection</em> 133 (R. G. Wright ed., Blackwell Science 1996).​ </div>1785Publication
Why Is the Polymerase Chain Reaction Resistant to In Vitro Evolution?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1807Why Is the Polymerase Chain Reaction Resistant to In Vitro Evolution?<div class="ExternalClass603BAFDF46AF4C9386E4974C5646EC0D"> ​With J. J. Bull, <em>Why Is the Polymerase Chain Reaction Resistant to In Vitro Evolution?</em>, 41 J. Molecular Evolution 1160 (1995).​​ </div>1807Publication
Population Viability Analysishttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1811Population Viability Analysis<div class="ExternalClassEDE3526AD60C4DE9ADC49B00C505828E"> ​With R. Lande, "Population Viability Analysis," in <em>The Encyclopedia of Environmental Biology</em> 203 (Acad. Press 1995).​ </div>1811Publication
Assessing the Consequences of Brood Parasitism and Nest Predation on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birdshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1809Assessing the Consequences of Brood Parasitism and Nest Predation on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birds<div class="ExternalClassF0315E8EEF1A4C8EAC4100733CE9FA44"> <em>Assessing the Consequences of Brood Parasitism and Nest Predation on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birds</em>, Auk 112/2:343-363 (1995). ​ </div>1809Publication
Is Science Logical?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1819Is Science Logical?<div class="ExternalClass0F9EFD1690A34F2591F99638A7165E89"> With J. J. Bull, <em>Is Science Logical?</em>, 42 BioScience 293 (1992).​ </div>1819Publication
On the Declining Extinction and Origination Rates of Fossil Taxahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1814On the Declining Extinction and Origination Rates of Fossil Taxa<div class="ExternalClass7C6083E6E5C84265B797FA03091D2E90"><p>​<em>On the Declining Extinction and Origination Rates of Fossil Taxa</em>, 18 Paleobiology 89 (1992). </p></div>1814Publication
A Genetic Polymorphism in the Swordtail Xiphophorus Nigrensis: Testing the Prediction of Equal Fitnesshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1812A Genetic Polymorphism in the Swordtail Xiphophorus Nigrensis: Testing the Prediction of Equal Fitness<div class="ExternalClass8831F48084FE492AB35C11BDF4039E3B"> ​With M. J. Ryan et al., A <em>Genetic Polymorphism in the Swordtail Xiphophorus Nigrensis: Testing the Prediction of Equal Fitness</em>, 139 Am. Naturalist 21 (1992).​ </div>1812Publication
Protecting Biodiversity in Texashttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1837Protecting Biodiversity in Texas<div class="ExternalClassCF60ECB95F9A426D83D0E8F23EF3ACCB"> ​With J. Grzybowski, <em>Protecting Biodiversity in Texas</em>, 5 Conservation Biology 7 (1991).​ </div>1837Publication
Is Evolutionary Taxonomy Science?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1839Is Evolutionary Taxonomy Science?<div class="ExternalClass8B06D40E614C4767A178D09AFF166B4B"> ​<em>Is Evolutionary Taxonomy Science?</em>, 39 Systematic Zoology 301 (1990).​ </div>1839Publication
The Habitat Requirements of the Black-Capped Vireo and Golden-Cheeked Warbler Populations Near Austin, Texashttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1838The Habitat Requirements of the Black-Capped Vireo and Golden-Cheeked Warbler Populations Near Austin, Texas<div class="ExternalClassC6031C1F5DCD4417996C25AE7203C86A"> ​<em>The Habitat Requirements of the Black-Capped Vireo and Golden-Cheeked Warbler Populations Near Austin, Texas</em> (City of Austin, Dep't. of Envtl. Protection 1990).​ </div>1838Publication
Paramyxovuus Phylogeny: Tissue Tropism Evolves Slower than Host Specificityhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1821Paramyxovuus Phylogeny: Tissue Tropism Evolves Slower than Host Specificity<div class="ExternalClass485F34A4CA0B4ED793BF91CE0A12FD1A"> ​With S. W. Taber, <em>Paramyxovuus Phylogeny: Tissue Tropism Evolves Slower than Host Specificity</em>, 44 Evolution 435 (1990). ​</div>1821Publication
Unexpected Divergence among Identified Interneurons in Different Abdominal Segments of the Crayfishhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1820Unexpected Divergence among Identified Interneurons in Different Abdominal Segments of the Crayfish<div class="ExternalClassD08A288D05A84FCF8FCF41D166A0249B"> ​With J. L. Larimer, <em>Unexpected Divergence among Identified Interneurons in Different Abdominal Segments of the Crayfish, Procambarus Clarkii</em>, 25 J. Experimental Zoology 20 (1990). ​ </div>1820Publication
A Model of Population Growth, Dispersal and Evolution in a Changing Environmenthttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1823A Model of Population Growth, Dispersal and Evolution in a Changing Environment<div class="ExternalClass9B58273DF68F42A589970331817073BD"> ​With R. Lande et al., <em>A Model of Population Growth, Dispersal and Evolution in a Changing Environment</em>, 70 Ecology 1657 (1989).​ </div>1823Publication
Combinatorics and Variety of Mating-Type Systemshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1822Combinatorics and Variety of Mating-Type Systems<div class="ExternalClass2A2F9373DDE4424C9DD5EFBA8AC6A1B8"> ​With J. J. Bull, <em>Combinatorics and Variety of Mating-Type Systems</em>, 43 Evolution 667 (1989).​ </div>1822Publication
Models of Evolutionhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1840Models of Evolution<div class="ExternalClass7A6DC1F8B5E64CBEAE95C072A2286922"> ​<em>Models of Evolution</em>, 38 Bioscience 352 (1988).​</div>1840Publication
Biases in the Total Extinction Rates of Fossil Taxahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1830Biases in the Total Extinction Rates of Fossil Taxa<div class="ExternalClassAB4764FF0D1A4D4EA842661DC2DCD740"> ​<em>Biases in the Total Extinction Rates of Fossil Taxa</em>, 130 J. Theoretical Biology 1 (1988). ​ </div>1830Publication
Biases in the Per-taxon Origination and Extinction Rates of Fossil Taxahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1829Biases in the Per-taxon Origination and Extinction Rates of Fossil Taxa<div class="ExternalClass81393D9E3CF34E01BE75B9145518BAEB"> <em>Biases in the Per-taxon Origination and Extinction Rates of Fossil Taxa</em>, 130 J. Theoretical Biology 9 (1988).​ </div>1829Publication
Biases in the Survivorship Curves of Fossil Taxahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1828Biases in the Survivorship Curves of Fossil Taxa<div class="ExternalClass2702A2B62A2D446096CED6F107F5723D"> ​<em>Biases in the Survivorship Curves of Fossil Taxa</em>, 130 J. Theoretical Biology 31 (1988).​ </div>1828Publication
On Comparing the Geologic Durations of Easily Versus Poorly Fossilized Taxahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1827On Comparing the Geologic Durations of Easily Versus Poorly Fossilized Taxa<div class="ExternalClass84C42D7555104C07974AB2BCC5B13BA1"> ​<em>On Comparing the Geologic Durations of Easily Versus Poorly Fossilized Taxa</em>, 133 J. Theoretical Biology 255 (1988).​</div>1827Publication
A Critique of Methods for Measuring Life History Trade-Offshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1826A Critique of Methods for Measuring Life History Trade-Offs<div class="ExternalClassA3EF7014B28C43869F7B735C0B992E34"> ​With J. J. Bull, <em>A Critique of Methods for Measuring Life History Trade-Offs</em>, 1 J. Evolutionary Biology 293 (1988).​ </div>1826Publication
A Quantitative Study of Command Elements for Abdominal Positioning Behavior in the Crayfishhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1825A Quantitative Study of Command Elements for Abdominal Positioning Behavior in the Crayfish<div class="ExternalClass6AD03060825748A2B6C51456B9E21A32"> With J. L. Larimer, <em>A Quantitative Study of Command Elements for Abdominal Positioning Behavior in the Crayfish, Procambarus Clarkii</em>, 247 J. Experimental Zoology 45 (1988).​ </div>1825Publication
Estimating Relative Parental Investment in Sons Versus Daughtershttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1824Estimating Relative Parental Investment in Sons Versus Daughters<div class="ExternalClass680D8F338E2442A8975DEF67575222F5"> ​With J. J. Bull, <em>Estimating Relative Parental Investment in Sons Versus Daughters</em>, 1 J. Evolutionary Biology 305 (1988).​ </div>1824Publication
An Evolutionary Epidemiological Mechanism, with Applications to Type A Influenzahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1832An Evolutionary Epidemiological Mechanism, with Applications to Type A Influenza<div class="ExternalClass4D23F39DE778466AB5AB66ACFA2E31E1"> ​<em>An Evolutionary Epidemiological Mechanism, with Applications to Type A Influenza</em>, 31 Theoretical Population Biology 422 (1987).​ </div>1832Publication
Lyellian Curves and Mean Taxonomic Durationshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1831Lyellian Curves and Mean Taxonomic Durations<div class="ExternalClass2914DE2651C74EC8A1463E490A99150E"> ​<em>Lyellian Curves and Mean Taxonomic Durations</em>, 13 Paleobiology 484 (1987).​</div>1831Publication
A Coevolutionary Isomorphism Applied to Laboratory Studies of Competitionhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1834A Coevolutionary Isomorphism Applied to Laboratory Studies of Competition<div class="ExternalClass99208892B4B44326A652858FD4C0090B"> ​<em>A Coevolutionary Isomorphism Applied to Laboratory Studies of Competition</em>, 39 Evolution 444 (1985).​ </div>1834Publication
Biases in the Durations and Diversities of Fossil Taxahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1833Biases in the Durations and Diversities of Fossil Taxa<div class="ExternalClass9ECFD763CBCB4825B116F815F36456F4"> ​<em>Biases in the Durations and Diversities of Fossil Taxa</em>, 11 Paleobiology 272 (1985). ​</div>1833Publication
On the Evolutionary Reversal of Competitive Dominancehttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1835On the Evolutionary Reversal of Competitive Dominance<div class="ExternalClass51A3819652074C5BA28F0D0EDBF57B3F"> ​<em>On the Evolutionary Reversal of Competitive Dominance</em>, 38 Evolution 1099 (1984).​</div>1835Publication