Peasehttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/People/DispForm.aspx?ID=45PeaseCraig PeaseProfessor of Science and Law<img alt="" src="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/people/Pease_Craig.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />PhD, University of Chicago, 1985MS, University of California, Los Angeles, 1981BA, University of California, Los Angeles, 1977802-831-1307CPEASE@vermontlaw.edu<div>Dr. Craig M. Pease, a research scientist, teaches science courses to Vermont Law School students, pursues his scientific research on population dynamics, works to improve the role of science in public policy and decision-making, and writes a regular Science and the Law column for the <em>Environmental Forum</em>.</div><div><br>He holds expertise in demographic and population models, particularly of plants, songbirds, and bears. He is a leading expert on the Yellowstone grizzlies, and filed a petition asking that they be listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. He challenged the federal government's handling of Yellowstone grizzly bear research and has repeatedly asked the U.S. government to release its voluminous, and mostly secret, scientific data on Yellowstone grizzly bears. The questions that direct his research are simple: What does the scientific data show, and what is the best management approach given this scientific knowledge?</div><div><br>Dr. Pease's VLS students learn to read, understand, and critique scientific papers, using the same questions and approach that scientists themselves employ. His students, for example, read scientific papers on dioxin and cancer, hurricanes and global climate change, mercury and cognitive ability, and the reliability of eyewitness evidence, among other topics of interest to environmental attorneys. In his classes, he uses specific scientific papers to illustrate and develop more general concepts about how science operates, as outlined in <em>Science for Business, Law and Journalism</em>, a short text that he has coauthored on the scientific method.<br>He received his BA degree in biology, summa cum laude, in 1977 and an MS degree in systems science (engineering) in 1981, both from the University of California, Los Angeles, and his PhD degree in evolutionary biology from the University of Chicago in 1985. He did a post-doctorate in applied mathematics at the Weizmann Institute of Science. He was a faculty member at the University of Texas at Austin from 1986 to 1998, when he joined the VLS faculty.</div>GP0|#517247a3-c456-4448-8353-d0e408b6d4a0;L0|#0517247a3-c456-4448-8353-d0e408b6d4a0|Endangered Species;GTSet|#d472df4a-bfc1-44e1-aba0-d9d3ce47ddf9;GP0|#80a2dac1-588e-4edc-b51d-aec40d22c160;L0|#080a2dac1-588e-4edc-b51d-aec40d22c160|Science and the LawGP0|#84094f35-8eaa-4481-b414-8bc4beec3f97;L0|#084094f35-8eaa-4481-b414-8bc4beec3f97|Faculty;GTSet|#f56df0fa-9bdb-4e22-abac-ddf5f696a71d;GPP|#d56ffc52-3a80-49e2-95fd-f49b2d4639a1Ecology of Food and Agriculture; Independent Research Project; LLM Seminar; LLM Seminar II; Science for Environmental Law; Scientific Controversies

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              An Old Scourge, and a Modern Onehttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3199An Old Scourge, and a Modern One<div class="ExternalClassA581BB4137444D5293C9F8DCEEC91B1A"><div> <em>An Old Scourge, and a Modern One</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, January-February 2015.​ ​​</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/Pease_ForumJanFeb2015.pdf3199PublicationCommentary
              A Critique of Impure Reasonhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1781A Critique of Impure Reason<div class="ExternalClassA44FE3EBE88B4F8098AB8939118F9D2C"><div><em>A Criti​que of Impure Reason</em>, The Environmental Forum, Science and the Law column, November-December 2014.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseFORUMNovDec2014.pdf1781PublicationCommentary
              Investigating the Temperature Trendhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3129Investigating the Temperature Trend<div class="ExternalClass60AF6F17FB86442D874713226EE461E4"><div><em>​Investigating the Temperature Trend</em>, <span style="font-size:13.63636302948px;">Science and the Law column</span>, The Environmental Forum, September-October 2014.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumSepOct2014.pdf3129PublicationCommentary
              Humans Are Plastic Fantastic Lovershttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3130Humans Are Plastic Fantastic Lovers<div class="ExternalClass48AA90B217834FC18281700D51424A03"><div><em>​Humans are Plastic Fantastic Lovers</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, ​July-August 2014.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumJulAug2014.pdf3130PublicationCommentary
              Climate Sensitivity on the Increasehttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3131Climate Sensitivity on the Increase<div class="ExternalClass55732E9A0D614AD9888D364D2742F5AF"><div><em>​Climate Sensitivity on the Increase</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, May-June 2014.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumMayJun2014.pdf3131PublicationCommentary
              Agriculture Doth Protest Too Muchhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3132Agriculture Doth Protest Too Much<div class="ExternalClass0745717FA3D748BF94DAD7AE5EF0A7EE"><div><em>​Agriculture Doth Protest Too Much</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, March-April 2014.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumMarApr2014.pdf3132PublicationCommentary
              Typhoons, Heat Waves, Climatehttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3133Typhoons, Heat Waves, Climate<div class="ExternalClass93C4E0807A0648F5BCED5B3C614971A5"><div><em>​Typhoons, Heat Waves, Climate</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, January-February 2014.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumJanFeb2014.pdf3133PublicationCommentary
              A Science and Policy Smoghttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3134A Science and Policy Smog<div class="ExternalClass65A89EA2B7F54CB19BB14FF8E17FFD7A"><div><em>​A Science and Policy Smog</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, November-December 2013.​</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PEASE_FORUM_NOV-DEC_2013.pdf3134PublicationCommentary
              Carbon Capture Gambit Declinedhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3136Carbon Capture Gambit Declined<div class="ExternalClass6602DAAC795C4F72AFDC14527AD864C1"><div><em>​Carbon Capture Gambit Declined</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, September-October 2013.​</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumSepOct2013.pdf3136PublicationCommentary
              More Carbon, Less Sciencehttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3135More Carbon, Less Science<div class="ExternalClassA6C3343216B746ECA7CC3D4FF1A1C10F"><div><em>​More Carbon, Less Science</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, July-August 2013.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumJulAug2013.pdf3135PublicationCommentary
              Chesapeake Bay, RIP - or TMDL?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3137Chesapeake Bay, RIP - or TMDL?<div class="ExternalClass87670550996743428125DB6B47D3FED0"><div>​Chesapeake Bay, RIP - or TMDL? Science and the Law Column, The Environmental Forum, May-June 2013.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumMayJun2013.pdf3137PublicationCommentary
              Enclosing the DNA Commonshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3138Enclosing the DNA Commons<div class="ExternalClass201CC936E2574C26ABAEC5554E52B798"><div><em>​Enclosing the DNA Commons</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, March-April 2013.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw​.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumMarchApr2013.pdf3138PublicationCommentary
              Aliens Live in Our Brains!http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3139Aliens Live in Our Brains!<div class="ExternalClass45E34F6FD2C9425D8EA144D202A54015"><div><em>​Aliens Live in Our Brains!</em> Science and the Law column, The Environmental Law Forum, January-February 2013.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PEASE_FORUM_JAN-FEB_2013.pdf3139PublicationCommentary
              TSCA: Economic Limits to Sciencehttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3146TSCA: Economic Limits to Science<div class="ExternalClassC72253D6D57247E2B94F64933E162927"><div><em>​TSCA: Economic Limits to Science</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, November-December 2011.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumNov2011.pdf3146PublicationCommentary
              Humanity's Beef With Bacteriahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3140Humanity's Beef With Bacteria<div class="ExternalClassDDA8039A993F458B8E5BCF3BAC90D095"><div><em>​Humanity's Beef With Bacteria</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, ​November-December 2012.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumNov2012.pdf3140PublicationCommentary
              The Weight of the Evidencehttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3141The Weight of the Evidence<div class="ExternalClass16721EFBF5EE43CC8FE737DCA67DECE5"><div><em>​The Weight of the Evidence</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, September-October 2012.​​</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PEASE_FORUM_2012_SEP-OCT.pdf3141PublicationCommentary
              Fish Story: A Tale of Toxicityhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3142Fish Story: A Tale of Toxicity<div class="ExternalClass2DC7EF9ED932481CB3BD3E90D517BEB5"><div><em>​Fish Story: A Tale of Toxicity</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, July-August 2012.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumJulAug2012.pdf3142PublicationCommentary
              The Keystone Pipeline EIShttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3143The Keystone Pipeline EIS<div class="ExternalClass83C69A61AECB41F5B18EB7E5B2FF414B"><div><em>​The Keystone Pipeline EIS</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, May-June 2012.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumMayJun2012.pdf3143PublicationCommentary
              Fracking: Turning Money Into Datahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3144Fracking: Turning Money Into Data<div class="ExternalClass689A3BA39D3341F58817BA4275289A30"><div><em>​Fracking: Turning Money Into Data</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, March-April 2012.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumMarApr2012.pdf3144PublicationCommentary
              When Science Evaluates Judgeshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3145When Science Evaluates Judges<div class="ExternalClass16E745119B2E4CA8A000C0021D670D63"><p>​When Science Evaluates Judges, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, January-February 2012.</p></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumJan2012.pdf3145PublicationCommentary
              A Conspiracy of Climate Science?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3147A Conspiracy of Climate Science?<div class="ExternalClassC84F238787DA420CB3218B06381FA593"><div><em>​A Conspiracy of Climate Science?</em> Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, September-October 2011.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumSepOct2011.pdf3147PublicationCommentary
              Attorney/Expert Communicationshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3148Attorney/Expert Communications<div class="ExternalClass197B8C41C601442781AE7939801B4A0B"><div><em>​Attorney/Expert Communications</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, July-August 2011.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumJulAug2011.PDF3148PublicationCommentary
              The New Scientific Integrity Guidelineshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=3149The New Scientific Integrity Guidelines<div class="ExternalClass8F8761BF169B4801B8345ACADDBF6F0A"><div><em>​The New Scientific Integrity Guidelines</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, May-June 2011.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumMayJun2011.pdf3149PublicationCommentary
              Temporal Variation in the Carrying Capacity of a Perennial Grass Populationhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1790Temporal Variation in the Carrying Capacity of a Perennial Grass Population<div class="ExternalClassFAE4BBC7B3294395A7F3DAD51FAEB074"> ​With N. L. Fowler, <em>Temporal Variation in the Carrying Capacity of a Perennial Grass Population</em>. 175 The American Naturalist 504-512 (2010).​ </div>1790PublicationArticle
              Detection of Density Dependence Requires Density Manipulations and Calculation of λhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1791Detection of Density Dependence Requires Density Manipulations and Calculation of λ<div class="ExternalClass2350070FDE16477787B97AE8867CCFD2"> ​With N. L. Fowler and R. D. Overath, <em>Detection of Density Dependence Requires Density Manipulations and Calculation of λ</em>, 87 Ecology 655–664 (2006).​ </div>1791PublicationArticle
              In defense of N > 1http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1794In defense of N > 1<div class="ExternalClass5B46A5254E3644D286A1A83CA9D25EEE"> <em>In defense of N > 1</em>, 55 BioScience 100 (2005).​ </div>http://www.bioone.org/archive/0006-3568/55/2/pdf/i0006-3568-55-2-100.pdf1794PublicationArticle
              A pro-business bias in environmental law at Frontiers?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1793A pro-business bias in environmental law at Frontiers?<div class="ExternalClass14E571390A464CF2950B2137F9638F59"> ​<em>A pro-business bias in environmental law at Frontiers?</em>, 3 Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 131-132 (2005).​ </div>1793PublicationArticle
              Renesting determines seasonal fecundity in songbirds: What do we know? What should we assume?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1792Renesting determines seasonal fecundity in songbirds: What do we know? What should we assume?<div class="ExternalClassD0634F7117504BFCBEB09705820D4785"> ​With J. A. Grzybowski, <em>Renesting determines seasonal fecundity in songbirds: What do we know? What should we assume?</em>, 122 Auk 280-291 (2005).​</div>1792PublicationArticle
              Comparing the Relative Effects of Nest Predation and Brood Parasitism on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birdshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1784Comparing the Relative Effects of Nest Predation and Brood Parasitism on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birds<div class="ExternalClassEE1407E27F4A44629E9C973096E0D8AF"> <em>Comparing the Relative Effects of Nest Predation and Brood Parasitism on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birds</em>, Austin Cowbird Symposium​ (U. Texas Press 2000). </div>1784PublicationOther
              Comparing the Relative Effects of Nest Predation and Brood Parasitism on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birdshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1783Comparing the Relative Effects of Nest Predation and Brood Parasitism on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birds<div class="ExternalClassEDE4996212F34E0DB1F5B356768D0F8F"> ​With J. A. Grzybowski, "Comparing the Relative Effects of Nest Predation and Brood Parasitism on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birds," <em>Ecology and Management of Cowbirds and Their Hosts: Studies in the Conservation of North American Passerine Birds</em> 145 J. N. Smith et al., eds. 2000).​ </div>1783PublicationChapter
              Cowbirds: Villains or Scapegoats?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1836Cowbirds: Villains or Scapegoats?<div class="ExternalClassE8F4222FDEBA45388AE81DFCFA68C43A"> ​With J. A. Grzybowski, <em>Cowbirds: Villains or Scapegoats?</em>, 31 Birding 448 (1999). ​ </div>1836PublicationArticle
              Demography of the Yellowstone Grizzly Bearshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1798Demography of the Yellowstone Grizzly Bears<div class="ExternalClassA3B8E1B4AF60475FA4A8E0C12603F9A8"> ​With D. J. Mattson, <em>Demography of the Yellowstone Grizzly Bears</em>, 80 Ecology 957–975 (1999).​ </div>1798PublicationArticle
              A Model of the Dynamics of Cowbirds and their Host Communitieshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1797A Model of the Dynamics of Cowbirds and their Host Communities<div class="ExternalClass5308E309C75D4B0D94E9DBC21032AC11"> ​With J. A. Grzybowski, <em>A Model of the Dynamics of Cowbirds and their Host Communities</em>, 116 Auk 209 (1999).​ </div>1797PublicationArticle
              Biology for Businesshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1800Biology for Business<div class="ExternalClass498196F78C8B487E9DEF5F7D203436B0"> ​With J. J. Bull, <em>Biology for Business</em>, Law and Liberal Arts (1998).​ </div>1800PublicationBook
              Consistency of Interneuronal Group Formation in Response to Simulation of Identified Cellshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1799Consistency of Interneuronal Group Formation in Response to Simulation of Identified Cells<div class="ExternalClass7963CCF892494B878F3359B4DC87E5DE"> ​With J. L. Larimer et al., <em>Consistency of Interneuronal Group Formation in Response to Simulation of Identified Cells</em>, 182 J. Comp. Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology 509 (1998).​ </div>1799PublicationArticle
              A Systematic Approach to Some Aspects of Conservation Biologyhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1801A Systematic Approach to Some Aspects of Conservation Biology<div class="ExternalClass49AD93055C7E4869AF58AEDAF555F0BE"> With N. L. Fowler, <em>A Systematic Approach to Some Aspects of Conservation Biology</em>, 78 Ecology 1321–1329 (1997). ​ </div>1801PublicationArticle
              Science and Management of Yellowstone Grizzly Bearshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1803Science and Management of Yellowstone Grizzly Bears<div class="ExternalClass80CA79C5B7214C65A2A6FAF2FAEC386E"> ​With D. J. Mattson et al., <em>Science and Management of Yellowstone Grizzly Bears</em>, 10 Conservation Biology 1013 (1996).​ </div>1803PublicationArticle
              Designing and managing protected areas for grizzly bears: How much is enough?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1785Designing and managing protected areas for grizzly bears: How much is enough?<div class="ExternalClassF94971F1B93C42E98C1D41091FE14659"> ​With D. J. Mattson et al., "Designing and managing protected areas for grizzly bears: How much is enough?," in <em>National Parks and Protected Areas: Their Role in Environmental Protection</em> 133 (R. G. Wright ed., Blackwell Science 1996).​ </div>1785PublicationChapter
              Why Is the Polymerase Chain Reaction Resistant to In Vitro Evolution?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1807Why Is the Polymerase Chain Reaction Resistant to In Vitro Evolution?<div class="ExternalClass603BAFDF46AF4C9386E4974C5646EC0D"> ​With J. J. Bull, <em>Why Is the Polymerase Chain Reaction Resistant to In Vitro Evolution?</em>, 41 J. Molecular Evolution 1160 (1995).​​ </div>1807PublicationArticle
              Population Viability Analysishttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1811Population Viability Analysis<div class="ExternalClassEDE3526AD60C4DE9ADC49B00C505828E"> ​With R. Lande, "Population Viability Analysis," in <em>The Encyclopedia of Environmental Biology</em> 203 (Acad. Press 1995).​ </div>1811PublicationChapter
              Assessing the Consequences of Brood Parasitism and Nest Predation on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birdshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1809Assessing the Consequences of Brood Parasitism and Nest Predation on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birds<div class="ExternalClassF0315E8EEF1A4C8EAC4100733CE9FA44"> <em>Assessing the Consequences of Brood Parasitism and Nest Predation on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birds</em>, Auk 112/2:343-363 (1995). ​ </div>1809PublicationArticle
              Is Science Logical?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1819Is Science Logical?<div class="ExternalClass0F9EFD1690A34F2591F99638A7165E89"> With J. J. Bull, <em>Is Science Logical?</em>, 42 BioScience 293 (1992).​ </div>1819PublicationArticle
              On the Declining Extinction and Origination Rates of Fossil Taxahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1814On the Declining Extinction and Origination Rates of Fossil Taxa<div class="ExternalClass7C6083E6E5C84265B797FA03091D2E90"><p>​<em>On the Declining Extinction and Origination Rates of Fossil Taxa</em>, 18 Paleobiology 89 (1992). </p></div>1814PublicationArticle
              A Genetic Polymorphism in the Swordtail Xiphophorus Nigrensis: Testing the Prediction of Equal Fitnesshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1812A Genetic Polymorphism in the Swordtail Xiphophorus Nigrensis: Testing the Prediction of Equal Fitness<div class="ExternalClass8831F48084FE492AB35C11BDF4039E3B"> ​With M. J. Ryan et al., A <em>Genetic Polymorphism in the Swordtail Xiphophorus Nigrensis: Testing the Prediction of Equal Fitness</em>, 139 Am. Naturalist 21 (1992).​ </div>1812PublicationArticle
              Protecting Biodiversity in Texashttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1837Protecting Biodiversity in Texas<div class="ExternalClassCF60ECB95F9A426D83D0E8F23EF3ACCB"> ​With J. Grzybowski, <em>Protecting Biodiversity in Texas</em>, 5 Conservation Biology 7 (1991).​ </div>1837PublicationArticle
              Is Evolutionary Taxonomy Science?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1839Is Evolutionary Taxonomy Science?<div class="ExternalClass8B06D40E614C4767A178D09AFF166B4B"> ​<em>Is Evolutionary Taxonomy Science?</em>, 39 Systematic Zoology 301 (1990).​ </div>1839PublicationArticle
              The Habitat Requirements of the Black-Capped Vireo and Golden-Cheeked Warbler Populations Near Austin, Texashttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1838The Habitat Requirements of the Black-Capped Vireo and Golden-Cheeked Warbler Populations Near Austin, Texas<div class="ExternalClassC6031C1F5DCD4417996C25AE7203C86A"> ​<em>The Habitat Requirements of the Black-Capped Vireo and Golden-Cheeked Warbler Populations Near Austin, Texas</em> (City of Austin, Dep't. of Envtl. Protection 1990).​ </div>1838PublicationOther
              Paramyxovuus Phylogeny: Tissue Tropism Evolves Slower than Host Specificityhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1821Paramyxovuus Phylogeny: Tissue Tropism Evolves Slower than Host Specificity<div class="ExternalClass485F34A4CA0B4ED793BF91CE0A12FD1A"> ​With S. W. Taber, <em>Paramyxovuus Phylogeny: Tissue Tropism Evolves Slower than Host Specificity</em>, 44 Evolution 435 (1990). ​</div>1821PublicationArticle
              Unexpected Divergence among Identified Interneurons in Different Abdominal Segments of the Crayfishhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1820Unexpected Divergence among Identified Interneurons in Different Abdominal Segments of the Crayfish<div class="ExternalClassD08A288D05A84FCF8FCF41D166A0249B"> ​With J. L. Larimer, <em>Unexpected Divergence among Identified Interneurons in Different Abdominal Segments of the Crayfish, Procambarus Clarkii</em>, 25 J. Experimental Zoology 20 (1990). ​ </div>1820PublicationArticle
              A Model of Population Growth, Dispersal and Evolution in a Changing Environmenthttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=1823A Model of Population Growth, Dispersal and Evolution in a Changing Environment<div class="ExternalClass9B58273DF68F42A589970331817073BD"> ​With R. Lande et al., <em>A Model of Population Growth, Dispersal and Evolution in a Changing Environment</em>, 70 Ecology 1657 (1989).​ </div>1823PublicationArticle

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