Peasehttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/People/DispForm.aspx?ID=45PeaseCraig PeaseProfessor of Science and Law<img alt="" src="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/people/Pease_Craig.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />PhD, University of Chicago, 1985MS, University of California, Los Angeles, 1981BA, University of California, Los Angeles, 1977802-831-1307<div>Dr. Craig M. Pease, a research scientist, teaches science courses to Vermont Law School students, pursues his scientific research on population dynamics, works to improve the role of science in public policy and decision-making, and writes a regular Science and the Law column for the <em>Environmental Forum</em>.</div><div><br>He holds expertise in demographic and population models, particularly of plants, songbirds, and bears. He is a leading expert on the Yellowstone grizzlies, and filed a petition asking that they be listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. He challenged the federal government's handling of Yellowstone grizzly bear research and has repeatedly asked the U.S. government to release its voluminous, and mostly secret, scientific data on Yellowstone grizzly bears. The questions that direct his research are simple: What does the scientific data show, and what is the best management approach given this scientific knowledge?</div><div><br>Dr. Pease's VLS students learn to read, understand, and critique scientific papers, using the same questions and approach that scientists themselves employ. His students, for example, read scientific papers on dioxin and cancer, hurricanes and global climate change, mercury and cognitive ability, and the reliability of eyewitness evidence, among other topics of interest to environmental attorneys. In his classes, he uses specific scientific papers to illustrate and develop more general concepts about how science operates, as outlined in <em>Science for Business, Law and Journalism</em>, a short text that he has coauthored on the scientific method.<br>He received his BA degree in biology, summa cum laude, in 1977 and an MS degree in systems science (engineering) in 1981, both from the University of California, Los Angeles, and his PhD degree in evolutionary biology from the University of Chicago in 1985. He did a post-doctorate in applied mathematics at the Weizmann Institute of Science. He was a faculty member at the University of Texas at Austin from 1986 to 1998, when he joined the VLS faculty. <p><a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/CraigPease_ScienceAndLawColumns.pdf" target="_blank">Click here for the full listing of Professor Pease's Science and the Law columns</a></p></div>GP0|#517247a3-c456-4448-8353-d0e408b6d4a0;L0|#0517247a3-c456-4448-8353-d0e408b6d4a0|Endangered Species;GTSet|#d472df4a-bfc1-44e1-aba0-d9d3ce47ddf9;GP0|#80a2dac1-588e-4edc-b51d-aec40d22c160;L0|#080a2dac1-588e-4edc-b51d-aec40d22c160|Science and the LawGP0|#84094f35-8eaa-4481-b414-8bc4beec3f97;L0|#084094f35-8eaa-4481-b414-8bc4beec3f97|Faculty;GTSet|#f56df0fa-9bdb-4e22-abac-ddf5f696a71d;GPP|#d56ffc52-3a80-49e2-95fd-f49b2d4639a1Ecology of Food and Agriculture; Independent Research Project; LLM Seminar; LLM Seminar II; Science for Environmental Law; Scientific Controversies

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              A Critique of Impure ReasonA Critique of Impure Reason<div class="ExternalClassA44FE3EBE88B4F8098AB8939118F9D2C"><div><em>A Criti​que of Impure Reason</em>, The Environmental Forum, Science and the Law column, November-December 2014.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseFORUMNovDec2014.pdf1781Publication
              Comparing the Relative Effects of Nest Predation and Brood Parasitism on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine BirdsComparing the Relative Effects of Nest Predation and Brood Parasitism on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birds<div class="ExternalClassEDE4996212F34E0DB1F5B356768D0F8F"> ​With J. A. Grzybowski, "Comparing the Relative Effects of Nest Predation and Brood Parasitism on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birds," <em>Ecology and Management of Cowbirds and Their Hosts: Studies in the Conservation of North American Passerine Birds</em> 145 J. N. Smith et al., eds. 2000).​ </div>1783Publication
              Comparing the Relative Effects of Nest Predation and Brood Parasitism on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine BirdsComparing the Relative Effects of Nest Predation and Brood Parasitism on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birds<div class="ExternalClassEE1407E27F4A44629E9C973096E0D8AF"> <em>Comparing the Relative Effects of Nest Predation and Brood Parasitism on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birds</em>, Austin Cowbird Symposium​ (U. Texas Press 2000). </div>1784Publication
              Designing and managing protected areas for grizzly bears: How much is enough?Designing and managing protected areas for grizzly bears: How much is enough?<div class="ExternalClassF94971F1B93C42E98C1D41091FE14659"> ​With D. J. Mattson et al., "Designing and managing protected areas for grizzly bears: How much is enough?," in <em>National Parks and Protected Areas: Their Role in Environmental Protection</em> 133 (R. G. Wright ed., Blackwell Science 1996).​ </div>1785Publication
              Temporal Variation in the Carrying Capacity of a Perennial Grass PopulationTemporal Variation in the Carrying Capacity of a Perennial Grass Population<div class="ExternalClassFAE4BBC7B3294395A7F3DAD51FAEB074"> ​With N. L. Fowler, <em>Temporal Variation in the Carrying Capacity of a Perennial Grass Population</em>. 175 The American Naturalist 504-512 (2010).​ </div>1790Publication
              Detection of Density Dependence Requires Density Manipulations and Calculation of λDetection of Density Dependence Requires Density Manipulations and Calculation of λ<div class="ExternalClass2350070FDE16477787B97AE8867CCFD2"> ​With N. L. Fowler and R. D. Overath, <em>Detection of Density Dependence Requires Density Manipulations and Calculation of λ</em>, 87 Ecology 655–664 (2006).​ </div>1791Publication
              Renesting determines seasonal fecundity in songbirds: What do we know? What should we assume?Renesting determines seasonal fecundity in songbirds: What do we know? What should we assume?<div class="ExternalClassD0634F7117504BFCBEB09705820D4785"> ​With J. A. Grzybowski, <em>Renesting determines seasonal fecundity in songbirds: What do we know? What should we assume?</em>, 122 Auk 280-291 (2005).​</div>1792Publication
              A pro-business bias in environmental law at Frontiers?A pro-business bias in environmental law at Frontiers?<div class="ExternalClass14E571390A464CF2950B2137F9638F59"> ​<em>A pro-business bias in environmental law at Frontiers?</em>, 3 Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 131-132 (2005).​ </div>1793Publication
              In defense of N > 1In defense of N > 1<div class="ExternalClass5B46A5254E3644D286A1A83CA9D25EEE"> <em>In defense of N > 1</em>, 55 BioScience 100 (2005).​ </div>http://www.bioone.org/archive/0006-3568/55/2/pdf/i0006-3568-55-2-100.pdf1794Publication
              A Model of the Dynamics of Cowbirds and their Host CommunitiesA Model of the Dynamics of Cowbirds and their Host Communities<div class="ExternalClass5308E309C75D4B0D94E9DBC21032AC11"> ​With J. A. Grzybowski, <em>A Model of the Dynamics of Cowbirds and their Host Communities</em>, 116 Auk 209 (1999).​ </div>1797Publication
              Demography of the Yellowstone Grizzly BearsDemography of the Yellowstone Grizzly Bears<div class="ExternalClassA3B8E1B4AF60475FA4A8E0C12603F9A8"> ​With D. J. Mattson, <em>Demography of the Yellowstone Grizzly Bears</em>, 80 Ecology 957–975 (1999).​ </div>1798Publication
              Consistency of Interneuronal Group Formation in Response to Simulation of Identified CellsConsistency of Interneuronal Group Formation in Response to Simulation of Identified Cells<div class="ExternalClass7963CCF892494B878F3359B4DC87E5DE"> ​With J. L. Larimer et al., <em>Consistency of Interneuronal Group Formation in Response to Simulation of Identified Cells</em>, 182 J. Comp. Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology 509 (1998).​ </div>1799Publication
              Biology for BusinessBiology for Business<div class="ExternalClass498196F78C8B487E9DEF5F7D203436B0"> ​With J. J. Bull, <em>Biology for Business</em>, Law and Liberal Arts (1998).​ </div>1800Publication
              A Systematic Approach to Some Aspects of Conservation BiologyA Systematic Approach to Some Aspects of Conservation Biology<div class="ExternalClass49AD93055C7E4869AF58AEDAF555F0BE"> With N. L. Fowler, <em>A Systematic Approach to Some Aspects of Conservation Biology</em>, 78 Ecology 1321–1329 (1997). ​ </div>1801Publication
              Science and Management of Yellowstone Grizzly BearsScience and Management of Yellowstone Grizzly Bears<div class="ExternalClass80CA79C5B7214C65A2A6FAF2FAEC386E"> ​With D. J. Mattson et al., <em>Science and Management of Yellowstone Grizzly Bears</em>, 10 Conservation Biology 1013 (1996).​ </div>1803Publication
              Why Is the Polymerase Chain Reaction Resistant to In Vitro Evolution?Why Is the Polymerase Chain Reaction Resistant to In Vitro Evolution?<div class="ExternalClass603BAFDF46AF4C9386E4974C5646EC0D"> ​With J. J. Bull, <em>Why Is the Polymerase Chain Reaction Resistant to In Vitro Evolution?</em>, 41 J. Molecular Evolution 1160 (1995).​​ </div>1807Publication
              Assessing the Consequences of Brood Parasitism and Nest Predation on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine BirdsAssessing the Consequences of Brood Parasitism and Nest Predation on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birds<div class="ExternalClassF0315E8EEF1A4C8EAC4100733CE9FA44"> <em>Assessing the Consequences of Brood Parasitism and Nest Predation on Seasonal Fecundity in Passerine Birds</em>, Auk 112/2:343-363 (1995). ​ </div>1809Publication
              Population Viability AnalysisPopulation Viability Analysis<div class="ExternalClassEDE3526AD60C4DE9ADC49B00C505828E"> ​With R. Lande, "Population Viability Analysis," in <em>The Encyclopedia of Environmental Biology</em> 203 (Acad. Press 1995).​ </div>1811Publication
              A Genetic Polymorphism in the Swordtail Xiphophorus Nigrensis: Testing the Prediction of Equal FitnessA Genetic Polymorphism in the Swordtail Xiphophorus Nigrensis: Testing the Prediction of Equal Fitness<div class="ExternalClass8831F48084FE492AB35C11BDF4039E3B"> ​With M. J. Ryan et al., A <em>Genetic Polymorphism in the Swordtail Xiphophorus Nigrensis: Testing the Prediction of Equal Fitness</em>, 139 Am. Naturalist 21 (1992).​ </div>1812Publication
              On the Declining Extinction and Origination Rates of Fossil TaxaOn the Declining Extinction and Origination Rates of Fossil Taxa<div class="ExternalClass7C6083E6E5C84265B797FA03091D2E90"><p>​<em>On the Declining Extinction and Origination Rates of Fossil Taxa</em>, 18 Paleobiology 89 (1992). </p></div>1814Publication
              Is Science Logical?Is Science Logical?<div class="ExternalClass0F9EFD1690A34F2591F99638A7165E89"> With J. J. Bull, <em>Is Science Logical?</em>, 42 BioScience 293 (1992).​ </div>1819Publication
              Unexpected Divergence among Identified Interneurons in Different Abdominal Segments of the CrayfishUnexpected Divergence among Identified Interneurons in Different Abdominal Segments of the Crayfish<div class="ExternalClassD08A288D05A84FCF8FCF41D166A0249B"> ​With J. L. Larimer, <em>Unexpected Divergence among Identified Interneurons in Different Abdominal Segments of the Crayfish, Procambarus Clarkii</em>, 25 J. Experimental Zoology 20 (1990). ​ </div>1820Publication
              Paramyxovuus Phylogeny: Tissue Tropism Evolves Slower than Host SpecificityParamyxovuus Phylogeny: Tissue Tropism Evolves Slower than Host Specificity<div class="ExternalClass485F34A4CA0B4ED793BF91CE0A12FD1A"> ​With S. W. Taber, <em>Paramyxovuus Phylogeny: Tissue Tropism Evolves Slower than Host Specificity</em>, 44 Evolution 435 (1990). ​</div>1821Publication
              Combinatorics and Variety of Mating-Type SystemsCombinatorics and Variety of Mating-Type Systems<div class="ExternalClass2A2F9373DDE4424C9DD5EFBA8AC6A1B8"> ​With J. J. Bull, <em>Combinatorics and Variety of Mating-Type Systems</em>, 43 Evolution 667 (1989).​ </div>1822Publication
              A Model of Population Growth, Dispersal and Evolution in a Changing EnvironmentA Model of Population Growth, Dispersal and Evolution in a Changing Environment<div class="ExternalClass9B58273DF68F42A589970331817073BD"> ​With R. Lande et al., <em>A Model of Population Growth, Dispersal and Evolution in a Changing Environment</em>, 70 Ecology 1657 (1989).​ </div>1823Publication
              Estimating Relative Parental Investment in Sons Versus DaughtersEstimating Relative Parental Investment in Sons Versus Daughters<div class="ExternalClass680D8F338E2442A8975DEF67575222F5"> ​With J. J. Bull, <em>Estimating Relative Parental Investment in Sons Versus Daughters</em>, 1 J. Evolutionary Biology 305 (1988).​ </div>1824Publication
              A Quantitative Study of Command Elements for Abdominal Positioning Behavior in the CrayfishA Quantitative Study of Command Elements for Abdominal Positioning Behavior in the Crayfish<div class="ExternalClass6AD03060825748A2B6C51456B9E21A32"> With J. L. Larimer, <em>A Quantitative Study of Command Elements for Abdominal Positioning Behavior in the Crayfish, Procambarus Clarkii</em>, 247 J. Experimental Zoology 45 (1988).​ </div>1825Publication
              A Critique of Methods for Measuring Life History Trade-OffsA Critique of Methods for Measuring Life History Trade-Offs<div class="ExternalClassA3EF7014B28C43869F7B735C0B992E34"> ​With J. J. Bull, <em>A Critique of Methods for Measuring Life History Trade-Offs</em>, 1 J. Evolutionary Biology 293 (1988).​ </div>1826Publication
              On Comparing the Geologic Durations of Easily Versus Poorly Fossilized TaxaOn Comparing the Geologic Durations of Easily Versus Poorly Fossilized Taxa<div class="ExternalClass84C42D7555104C07974AB2BCC5B13BA1"> ​<em>On Comparing the Geologic Durations of Easily Versus Poorly Fossilized Taxa</em>, 133 J. Theoretical Biology 255 (1988).​</div>1827Publication
              Biases in the Survivorship Curves of Fossil TaxaBiases in the Survivorship Curves of Fossil Taxa<div class="ExternalClass2702A2B62A2D446096CED6F107F5723D"> ​<em>Biases in the Survivorship Curves of Fossil Taxa</em>, 130 J. Theoretical Biology 31 (1988).​ </div>1828Publication
              Biases in the Per-taxon Origination and Extinction Rates of Fossil TaxaBiases in the Per-taxon Origination and Extinction Rates of Fossil Taxa<div class="ExternalClass81393D9E3CF34E01BE75B9145518BAEB"> <em>Biases in the Per-taxon Origination and Extinction Rates of Fossil Taxa</em>, 130 J. Theoretical Biology 9 (1988).​ </div>1829Publication
              Biases in the Total Extinction Rates of Fossil TaxaBiases in the Total Extinction Rates of Fossil Taxa<div class="ExternalClassAB4764FF0D1A4D4EA842661DC2DCD740"> ​<em>Biases in the Total Extinction Rates of Fossil Taxa</em>, 130 J. Theoretical Biology 1 (1988). ​ </div>1830Publication
              Lyellian Curves and Mean Taxonomic DurationsLyellian Curves and Mean Taxonomic Durations<div class="ExternalClass2914DE2651C74EC8A1463E490A99150E"> ​<em>Lyellian Curves and Mean Taxonomic Durations</em>, 13 Paleobiology 484 (1987).​</div>1831Publication
              An Evolutionary Epidemiological Mechanism, with Applications to Type A InfluenzaAn Evolutionary Epidemiological Mechanism, with Applications to Type A Influenza<div class="ExternalClass4D23F39DE778466AB5AB66ACFA2E31E1"> ​<em>An Evolutionary Epidemiological Mechanism, with Applications to Type A Influenza</em>, 31 Theoretical Population Biology 422 (1987).​ </div>1832Publication
              Biases in the Durations and Diversities of Fossil TaxaBiases in the Durations and Diversities of Fossil Taxa<div class="ExternalClass9ECFD763CBCB4825B116F815F36456F4"> ​<em>Biases in the Durations and Diversities of Fossil Taxa</em>, 11 Paleobiology 272 (1985). ​</div>1833Publication
              A Coevolutionary Isomorphism Applied to Laboratory Studies of CompetitionA Coevolutionary Isomorphism Applied to Laboratory Studies of Competition<div class="ExternalClass99208892B4B44326A652858FD4C0090B"> ​<em>A Coevolutionary Isomorphism Applied to Laboratory Studies of Competition</em>, 39 Evolution 444 (1985).​ </div>1834Publication
              On the Evolutionary Reversal of Competitive DominanceOn the Evolutionary Reversal of Competitive Dominance<div class="ExternalClass51A3819652074C5BA28F0D0EDBF57B3F"> ​<em>On the Evolutionary Reversal of Competitive Dominance</em>, 38 Evolution 1099 (1984).​</div>1835Publication
              Cowbirds: Villains or Scapegoats?Cowbirds: Villains or Scapegoats?<div class="ExternalClassE8F4222FDEBA45388AE81DFCFA68C43A"> ​With J. A. Grzybowski, <em>Cowbirds: Villains or Scapegoats?</em>, 31 Birding 448 (1999). ​ </div>1836Publication
              Protecting Biodiversity in TexasProtecting Biodiversity in Texas<div class="ExternalClassCF60ECB95F9A426D83D0E8F23EF3ACCB"> ​With J. Grzybowski, <em>Protecting Biodiversity in Texas</em>, 5 Conservation Biology 7 (1991).​ </div>1837Publication
              The Habitat Requirements of the Black-Capped Vireo and Golden-Cheeked Warbler Populations Near Austin, TexasThe Habitat Requirements of the Black-Capped Vireo and Golden-Cheeked Warbler Populations Near Austin, Texas<div class="ExternalClassC6031C1F5DCD4417996C25AE7203C86A"> ​<em>The Habitat Requirements of the Black-Capped Vireo and Golden-Cheeked Warbler Populations Near Austin, Texas</em> (City of Austin, Dep't. of Envtl. Protection 1990).​ </div>1838Publication
              Is Evolutionary Taxonomy Science?Is Evolutionary Taxonomy Science?<div class="ExternalClass8B06D40E614C4767A178D09AFF166B4B"> ​<em>Is Evolutionary Taxonomy Science?</em>, 39 Systematic Zoology 301 (1990).​ </div>1839Publication
              Models of EvolutionModels of Evolution<div class="ExternalClass7A6DC1F8B5E64CBEAE95C072A2286922"> ​<em>Models of Evolution</em>, 38 Bioscience 352 (1988).​</div>1840Publication
              Investigating the Temperature TrendInvestigating the Temperature Trend<div class="ExternalClass60AF6F17FB86442D874713226EE461E4"> <em>​Investigating the Temperature Trend</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, September-October 2014.​ </div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumSepOct2014.pdf3129Publication
              Humans Are Plastic Fantastic LoversHumans Are Plastic Fantastic Lovers<div class="ExternalClass48AA90B217834FC18281700D51424A03"><div><em>​Humans are Plastic Fantastic Lovers</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, ​July-August 2014.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumJulAug2014.pdf3130Publication
              Climate Sensitivity on the IncreaseClimate Sensitivity on the Increase<div class="ExternalClass55732E9A0D614AD9888D364D2742F5AF"><div><em>​Climate Sensitivity on the Increase</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, May-June 2014.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumMayJun2014.pdf3131Publication
              Agriculture Doth Protest Too MuchAgriculture Doth Protest Too Much<div class="ExternalClass0745717FA3D748BF94DAD7AE5EF0A7EE"><div><em>​Agriculture Doth Protest Too Much</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, March-April 2014.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumMarApr2014.pdf3132Publication
              Typhoons, Heat Waves, ClimateTyphoons, Heat Waves, Climate<div class="ExternalClass93C4E0807A0648F5BCED5B3C614971A5"><div><em>​Typhoons, Heat Waves, Climate</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, January-February 2014.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumJanFeb2014.pdf3133Publication
              A Science and Policy SmogA Science and Policy Smog<div class="ExternalClass65A89EA2B7F54CB19BB14FF8E17FFD7A"><div><em>​A Science and Policy Smog</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, November-December 2013.​</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PEASE_FORUM_NOV-DEC_2013.pdf3134Publication
              More Carbon, Less ScienceMore Carbon, Less Science<div class="ExternalClassA6C3343216B746ECA7CC3D4FF1A1C10F"><div><em>​More Carbon, Less Science</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, July-August 2013.</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumJulAug2013.pdf3135Publication
              Carbon Capture Gambit DeclinedCarbon Capture Gambit Declined<div class="ExternalClass6602DAAC795C4F72AFDC14527AD864C1"><div><em>​Carbon Capture Gambit Declined</em>, Science and the Law column, The Environmental Forum, September-October 2013.​</div></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/PeaseForumSepOct2013.pdf3136Publication

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              Awards & Accomplishments

              Awards & Accomplishments