Dworkinhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/People/DispForm.aspx?ID=12DworkinMichael DworkinDirectorProfessor of Law<img alt="" src="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/people/Dworkin_Michael.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />JD, Harvard Law School, 1978BA, Middlebury College, 1975802-831-1319MDWORKIN@vermontlaw.eduProfessor Michael Dworkin often says: "If you care about the environment, energy use is the most important issue. And if you care about energy, environmental realities are the most important constraints." Professor Dworkin was a utility regulator, environmental litigator, and small businessman before becoming a professor. At Vermont Law School, he also directs the Institute for Energy and the Environment. The Institute offers an advanced curriculum on energy and regulatory law, provides forums and conferences for professional education and issue development, publishes on environmental and energy issues, and serves as a center for commissioned research on these topics. Professor Dworkin earned his BA degree, summa cum laude, from Middlebury College in 1975, and his JD, cum laude, from the Harvard Law School in 1978. He began his legal career as a law clerk for Judge Catherine Kelly of the District of Columbia Court of Appeals. After his clerkship, he spent five years in the EPA’s Office of General Counsel, where he focused on the development and appellate defense of standards that reduced air and water pollution, including appellate defense of the rules that removed most toxic metals from U.S. waste streams. In 1984, he joined the Vermont Public Service Board, where he represented the Board in litigation before the Federal Communications Commission and as a hearing officer. From 1988 to 1995, he was general counsel of the Vermont Public Service Board. In 1995, he became general counsel and a managing partner in Riser Management Systems, LP, an engineering and consulting firm. He returned to public service in 1999 as the chair of the Vermont Public Service Board and remained in that post until 2005 when he joined the faculty at VLS and launched the Institute for Energy and the Environment. He is a director of the Vermont Energy Investment Corporation and a former director for the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy and of the Electric Power Research Institute. He has been elected as the moderator of East Montpelier, Vermont, Town Meeting since 2005 and he calls that role "a truly Norman Rockwell-esque experience."GP0|#29796484-c7b0-4e0f-b726-9521ae4574f3;L0|#029796484-c7b0-4e0f-b726-9521ae4574f3|Energy Law and Regulation;GTSet|#d472df4a-bfc1-44e1-aba0-d9d3ce47ddf9GP0|#84094f35-8eaa-4481-b414-8bc4beec3f97;L0|#084094f35-8eaa-4481-b414-8bc4beec3f97|Faculty;GTSet|#f56df0fa-9bdb-4e22-abac-ddf5f696a71d;GPP|#d56ffc52-3a80-49e2-95fd-f49b2d4639a1

Biography

Biography

Publications

Publications

 

 

Global Energy Justice: Principles, Problems, and Practices http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2977Global Energy Justice: Principles, Problems, and Practices <div class="ExternalClassCFE67F309D86458CBD0B0EF14A589E9C"><p>​Sovacool, Benjamin and Michael Dworkin. Global Energy Justice: Principles, Problems, and Practices (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), forthcoming October 2014</p></div>2977Publication
Rethinking the Scale, Structure & Scope of U.S. Energy Institutionshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2979Rethinking the Scale, Structure & Scope of U.S. Energy Institutions<div class="ExternalClassFF950F1820284EAEAE4D9736F6BD1977"><p>​Dworkin, Michael, Roman V. Sidortsov and Benjamin K. Sovacool. "Rethinking the Scale, Structure & Scope of U.S. Energy Institutions", Daedalus, Winter 2013: The Alternative Energy Future, vol. 2.</p></div>2979Publication
Comparative Analysis of Conventional Oil and Gas and Wind Project Decommissioning Regulations on Federal, State, and County Landshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2831Comparative Analysis of Conventional Oil and Gas and Wind Project Decommissioning Regulations on Federal, State, and County Lands<div class="ExternalClass5A6F4408529E45799D164AAE3EF6537D"><p>​Comparative Analysis of Conventional Oil and Gas and Wind Project Decommissioning Regulations on Federal, State, and County Lands, Changala D, Dworkin M, et al Electricity Journal, (2012), doi:10.1016/j.tej.2011.12.004.</p></div>2831Publication
The Environmental Dimension of Energy Securityhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2832The Environmental Dimension of Energy Security<div class="ExternalClass589FE63B28DF416090D8D8B736319EB7"><p>​The Environmental Dimension of Energy Security, Marilyn A. Brown and Michael H. Dworkin A Chapter in:   The Routledge Handbook of Energy Security Benjamin Sovacool, Editor Routledge Press, 2011</p></div>2832Publication
All Hands on Deck: Recruiting Clean, Secure and Distributed Help for America's Energy Needshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2840All Hands on Deck: Recruiting Clean, Secure and Distributed Help for America's Energy Needs<div class="ExternalClassD1DE48637AEE4A778D1295AD57528C51"><p>​<em>All Hands on Deck: Recruiting Clean, Secure and Distributed Help for America's Energy Needs</em> Foreword, by Michael Dworkin, in Freeing the Grid: How Effective State Net Metering Laws Can Revolutionize Energy Policy Network for New Energy Choices (November 2006)​</p> </div>2840Publication
The Energy Trilemma in the Green Mountain Statehttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2834The Energy Trilemma in the Green Mountain State<div class="ExternalClassDFD5ADF5F5D7434FB40AFA6893FA257B"><p>​<em>The Energy Trilemma in the Green Mountain State, </em>John Sautter, James Landis, and Michael H. Dworkin Vermont Journal of Environmental Law, vol. 10, issue 3, Spring 2009 </p></div>2834Publication
Extending Intergenerational Equity in Electricity Regulation to Account for Climate Effectshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2836Extending Intergenerational Equity in Electricity Regulation to Account for Climate Effects<div class="ExternalClass65C858C45CB040C1B71FCAD7D347A46D"><p>​<em>Extending Intergenerational Equity in Electricity Regulation to Account for Climate Effects</em> Christina Switzer and Michael Dworkin CLI Background Paper No. 4 in: Recalibrating the Law of Humans with the Laws of Nature: Climate Change, Human Rights, and Intergenerational Justice (Climate Legacy Initiative 2009).​</p></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/CLI/CLI_Policy_Paper.pdf2836Publication
Subsidization of Non-Renewable Energy Resourceshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2835Subsidization of Non-Renewable Energy Resources<div class="ExternalClass131F7356863D495DB2DE4CD10005D41E"><p>​<em>Subsidization of Non-Renewable Energy Resources</em> Elizabeth Catlin & Michael Dworkin (CLI Background Paper No. 5 in: Recalibrating the Law of Humans with the Laws of Nature: Climate Change, Human Rights, and Intergenerational Justice (Climate Legacy Initiative 2009).​</p></div>http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/CLI/CLI_Policy_Paper.pdf2835Publication
The Rebirth of American Energy Efficiencyhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2833The Rebirth of American Energy Efficiency<div class="ExternalClass5A4BF5886CAC4AAEBC2E39CF2F3D3D62"><p><em>The Rebirth of American Energy Efficiency, </em>Michael Dworkin, Kari Twaite and Dan York<em> A chapter in: Capturing the Power of Electric Restructuring</em> Joey Lee Miranda, Editor American Bar Association's Sections on State and Local Government Law and the Section on Environment, Energy, and Resources (2009)​</p> </div>2833Publication
Looking 'Round the Bend: The Under-Recognized Risks of Investing in Traditional Coal-Fired Generationhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2837Looking 'Round the Bend: The Under-Recognized Risks of Investing in Traditional Coal-Fired Generation<div class="ExternalClassBF64F3B72209401B8DCED57346F3032B"><p>​<em>Looking 'Round the Bend: The Under-Recognized Risks of Investing in Traditional Coal-Fired Generation </em> Foreword, by Michael Dworkin, in David Schlissel's: Don't Get Burned: The Risks of Investing in New Coal-fired Generating Facilities Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility  (Synapse Energy Economics, Inc., February, 2008)​</p></div>2837Publication
"Old-Coal" Power Plants: Imprudent Investments?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2839"Old-Coal" Power Plants: Imprudent Investments?<div class="ExternalClassDE42F27C185448FB904E192DC7C7466C"><p><em>"Old-Coal" Power Plants: Imprudent Investments?</em> Michael Dworkin, Shanna Vale, and Ellen Crivella Science 315, 1791b (2007) DOI: 10.1126/science.315.5820.1791b​</p></div>2839Publication
Ensuring Consideration of the Public Interest in the Governance and Accountability of Regional Transmission Organizationshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2838Ensuring Consideration of the Public Interest in the Governance and Accountability of Regional Transmission Organizations<div class="ExternalClass40E8B84E7BB94617873BB99A4A3390DF"><p>​<em>Ensuring Consideration of the Public Interest in the Governance and Accountability of Regional Transmission Organizations</em> Michael H. Dworkin and Rachel Aslin Goldwasser, Energy Law Journal, Volume 28, No. 2 (2007) at 453.</p> </div>http://www.eba-net.org/docs/elj282/Governance_of_RTOs.pdf2838Publication
Revisiting "The Environmental Duties of Public Utility Commissions"http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2841Revisiting "The Environmental Duties of Public Utility Commissions"<div class="ExternalClass42614CBFA02944CDAA62231A166B96A0"><p>​<em>Revisiting "The Environmental Duties of Public Utility Commissions"</em> (with David Farnsworth, Jason Salmi Klotz and Jason Rich) Vermont Journal of Environmental Law (Autumn 2006)​</p> </div>2841Publication
Vermont Electric Power Company, Inc. and Green Mountain Power Corporationhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2822Vermont Electric Power Company, Inc. and Green Mountain Power Corporation<div class="ExternalClass147E3F7B82CC48B999BC79406ACF8BCE"><p>​Vermont Electric Power Company, Inc. and Green Mountain Power Corporation, Docket No. 6860, 2005 WL 351182 (Vt. P.S.B. Jan. 28, 2005). Order re 75-mile electricity transmission project. Chair.</p></div>http://www.state.vt.us/psb/6860fnl012805.pdf2822Publication
The Efficiency Utility: A Model for Replication?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2842The Efficiency Utility: A Model for Replication?<div class="ExternalClass95DC1473AA1248C794D8883288EEFF36"><p>​<em>The Efficiency Utility: A Model for Replication?</em> (with Blair Hamilton and Beth Sachs) European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy Juried Proceedings of the ECEEE 2005 Published Proceedings (Mandelieu, France)​</p></div>2842Publication
Four Years' Experience with the Nation's First Energy Efficiency Utility: Balancing Resource Acquisition and Market Transformation Under a Performance Contracthttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2843Four Years' Experience with the Nation's First Energy Efficiency Utility: Balancing Resource Acquisition and Market Transformation Under a Performance Contract<div class="ExternalClass2B2617AB177A4012AFA41B69864D80D5"><p><em>Four Years' Experience with the Nation's First Energy Efficiency Utility: Balancing Resource Acquisition and Market Transformation Under a Performance Contract</em> (with Blair Hamilton) ;American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy Juried Proceedings of the ACEEE 2004 Summer Study Conference on Energy Efficiency​</p> </div>2843Publication
Energy Nuclear Vermont Yankee, LLChttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2823Energy Nuclear Vermont Yankee, LLC<div class="ExternalClass721BD45C190345059194F1BCE8FBA457"><p>​Entergy Nuclear Vermont Yankee, LLC, Docket No. 6812, 232 P.U.R. 4th 219 (Vt. P.S.B. March 15, 2004). Order re upgrade of Vermont Yankee nuclear plant. Chair.​</p></div>http://www.state.vt.us/psb/orders/2004/files/6812fnl.pdf2823Publication
Request to Reduce the Amount to be Collected Via the Energy Efficiency Charge in the Year 2003http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2824Request to Reduce the Amount to be Collected Via the Energy Efficiency Charge in the Year 2003<div class="ExternalClassCA3F5147524B45078DF15A054CD6129B"><p>​Request to Reduce the Amount to be Collected Via the Energy Efficiency Charge in the Year 2003, Docket No. 6777, 222 P.U.R. 4th 521 (Vt. P.S.B. Dec. 30, 2002). Dissent from Order reducing size of energy efficiency program. Chair.</p></div>http://www.state.vt.us/psb/orders/2002/files/6777BoardOrderandDissent.pdf2824Publication
Proposed Sale of Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Stationhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2826Proposed Sale of Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Station<div class="ExternalClassD77617CF2DA240E09FB8FFA054492500"><p>​Proposed sale of Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Station 207 P.U.R. 4th 292 (Vt. P.S.B. Feb. 14, 2001). Denial of bid to purchase Vermont Yankee nuclear power plant. Chair.​</p></div>http://www.state.vt.us/psb/orders/2001/files/6300fnl.pdf2826Publication
Green Mountain Power Corp.http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2827Green Mountain Power Corp.<div class="ExternalClassFD8BD96748EF42D0855778DA742012CC"><p>​Green Mountain Power Corp. 207 P.U.R. 4th 1 (Vt. P.S.B. Jan. 23, 2001). Relief from potential bankruptcy, allocation of imprudent costs, restraints on unregulated affiliates, and ratepayer protection against unjust enrichment. Chair.</p></div>http://www.state.vt.us/psb/orders/2001/files/6107final.pdf2827Publication
The Environmental Duties of Public Utility Commissionshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2844The Environmental Duties of Public Utility Commissions<div class="ExternalClass54D28EF3E5FB42DAA17DD603F619FAE6"><p><em>The Environmental Duties of Public Utility Commissions </em>(with David Farnsworth and Jason Rich) 18 Pace Environmental Law Review 325 (2001)</p></div>2844Publication
Energy Efficiency Plan Re: Phase IIhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2825Energy Efficiency Plan Re: Phase II<div class="ExternalClass31210BBD5AAC4DC9B6508DE9DFD0E117"><p>​Energy Efficiency Plan Re: Phase II, Docket No. 5980, 196 P.U.R. 4th 476 (Vt. P.S.B. Sept. 30, 1999). Order creating "Efficiency Vermont." Chair.</p></div>http://www.state.vt.us/psb/orders/document/5980phase2fnl.pdf2825Publication
Least-Cost Investmens, Energy Efficiency and Management of Demand 1990http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2828Least-Cost Investmens, Energy Efficiency and Management of Demand 1990<div class="ExternalClassA569D7A5D9254DE78F89D4606889521C"><p>​<em>Least-Cost Investments, Energy Efficiency and Management of Demand 1990</em> WL 666762 (Vt. P.S.B. April 16, 1990). Requiring integrated resource plans and utility-funded energy efficiency measures. Hearing Officer.​</p></div>2828Publication
Central Vermont Public Service Corp.http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2829Central Vermont Public Service Corp.<div class="ExternalClass10758D5D2C6448B888006289446A7044"><p>​<em>Central Vermont Public Service Corp.</em>, 83 P.U.R. 4th 532. (Vt. PSB May 15, 1987) Protecting rate-payers from cost-overruns at Seabrook nuclear power plant. Drafted Board decision.​</p></div>2829Publication
National Association of Metal Finishers vs. EPAhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=2830National Association of Metal Finishers vs. EPA<div class="ExternalClass54739DD3F5B14FC8B210F9ACE1B10AD3"><p><em>National Association of Metal Finishers v. EPA</em>, 719 F.2d 624 (3d Cir. 1983). Removal of majority of toxic metals in waste water across United States. Brief and oral argument.​</p></div>2830Publication

Presentations

Presentations

 

 

Awards & Accomplishments

Awards & Accomplishments