Apelhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/People/DispForm.aspx?ID=1ApelSusan B. ApelProfessor of Law<img alt="" src="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/people/apel_susan.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />JD, Northeastern University, Boston, 1977BA, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, 1974802-831-1223SAPEL@vermontlaw.edu<div>Professor Susan B. Apel is recognized for her work in family law and gender issues, including child custody, assisted reproductive technology, and abortion. She jointly teaches a seminar on medical/legal issues and reproduction held at the Dartmouth Medical School, where she has been an adjunct professor since 1998. Classes include students from Vermont Law School and Dartmouth Medical School. <br> <br>Professor Apel earned her BA degree from Pennsylvania State University in 1974 and her JD degree from Northeastern University School of Law in 1977. After receiving her law degree, she became staff attorney and co-director of Keystone Legal Services in Huntingdon, Pennsylvania. She joined the Vermont Law School faculty in 1982, serving as staff attorney and codirector of the South Royalton Legal Clinic from 1982 to 1987. She had been associate director of the General Practice Program, which integrates substantive law and professional skills, since 1988 and assumed the directorship in 2001. Her 1989 article, "Custodial Parents, Child Sexual Abuse, and the Legal System: Beyond Contempt," was cited by the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee during hearings on child sexual abuse and by the U.S. Senate Committee for Government Affairs in enacting the District of Columbia Civil Contempt Imprisonment Limitation Act of 1989. She presented "Bringing Theater Techniques to the Classroom" at the Association of American Law Schools' Conference on New Ideas for Experienced Teachers in Calgary, Alberta, in 2001, and presented "Gender and Invisible Work Revisited" at Harvard Law School in 2002. She was a charter member of the advisory committee to the Institute for Law School Teaching at Gonzaga University School of Law. <br></div>GP0|#8e206ee9-1267-4189-b378-b8a33a45ad76;L0|#08e206ee9-1267-4189-b378-b8a33a45ad76|Clinical Legal Education;GTSet|#d472df4a-bfc1-44e1-aba0-d9d3ce47ddf9;GP0|#60399ccb-1104-4f68-9fc9-7aaef15370d9;L0|#060399ccb-1104-4f68-9fc9-7aaef15370d9|Domestic Relations;GP0|#fc6e793c-fb1c-499e-a89c-9d813ffa09fd;L0|#0fc6e793c-fb1c-499e-a89c-9d813ffa09fd|Family Law and Adoption;GP0|#9c467efe-76c4-46c1-ae07-905f7e57b1ed;L0|#09c467efe-76c4-46c1-ae07-905f7e57b1ed|Gender and the Law;GP0|#1643d936-bca6-4edb-90a9-eb0c2ab221bc;L0|#01643d936-bca6-4edb-90a9-eb0c2ab221bc|Legal Education;GP0|#831d25d0-19a2-43b7-800b-9ec632f6faad;L0|#0831d25d0-19a2-43b7-800b-9ec632f6faad|Reproductive Rights;GP0|#80a2dac1-588e-4edc-b51d-aec40d22c160;L0|#080a2dac1-588e-4edc-b51d-aec40d22c160|Science and the LawGP0|#84094f35-8eaa-4481-b414-8bc4beec3f97;L0|#084094f35-8eaa-4481-b414-8bc4beec3f97|Faculty;GTSet|#f56df0fa-9bdb-4e22-abac-ddf5f696a71d;GPP|#d56ffc52-3a80-49e2-95fd-f49b2d4639a1

Biography

Biography

Accomplishments & Activities

Accomplishments & Activities

​Awards, Honors & Grants

 

 

E. Smythe Gambrell Professionalism Awardhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=188E. Smythe Gambrell Professionalism Award<div class="ExternalClassA559E73203E54B7CA2F3B57917004CC1"><p>​E. Smythe Gambrell Professionalism Award, American Bar Association, for the General Practice Program, 2007</p></div>188Award, Honor or Grant
Who's Who of American Womenhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=189Who's Who of American Women<div class="ExternalClass74283F0D782340EA8C513BDB6A45B1CE"><p>​<span lang="EN" style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:115%;font-family:"verdana","sans-serif";font-size:9pt;">Listed in <em>Who's Who of American Women</em>, since 1995</span></p></div>189Award, Honor or Grant

​Publications

 

 

Legal Conceptions: The Evolving Law and Policy of Assisted Reproductive Technologieshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=60Legal Conceptions: The Evolving Law and Policy of Assisted Reproductive Technologies<div class="ExternalClass3BC49F363CDD42A0BFFDC77051786A27">Book Review: Howard Jones and Susan Crockin,  Legal Conceptions: The Evolving Law and  Policy of Assisted Reproductive Technologies, 51:4 American J. Legal History (to be published, October 2011)</div>60Publication
No More Casebooks: Using Simulation-Based Learning to Educate Future Family Law Practitionershttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=58No More Casebooks: Using Simulation-Based Learning to Educate Future Family Law Practitioners<div class="ExternalClassCC60E7D6650E4FC1AD799BF9DBBE9C28">No More Casebooks (working title); This article is in response to a white paper published by the Family Law Education Reform Report which concluded that there was a "substantial and growing gap between family law teaching and practice."  The article includes a discussion of the domestic relations segment of the General Practice Program and my conclusions about teaching students to be effective family law practitioners. Scheduled to be published in the fall of 2011.  </div>58Publication
Teaching Law and Medicine on the Interdisciplinary Cutting Edge: Assisted Reproductive Technologieshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=120Teaching Law and Medicine on the Interdisciplinary Cutting Edge: Assisted Reproductive Technologies<div class="ExternalClass739ED8AB4667413382D007E99DF18C44"><p><em style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:20px;font-family:verdana, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;font-size:12px;background-color:#ffffff;">Teaching Law and Medicine on the Interdisciplinary Cutting Edge: Assisted Reproductive Technologies</em><span style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:20px;font-family:verdana, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;font-size:12px;background-color:#ffffff;">, 38:2 J. Law, Medicine & Ethics 420 (Summer 2010)</span><span style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:20px;font-family:verdana, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;font-size:12px;background-color:#ffffff;">​</span></p></div>120Publication
Access Denied: Assisted Reproductive Technology Services and the Resurrection of Hill-Burtonhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=121Access Denied: Assisted Reproductive Technology Services and the Resurrection of Hill-Burton<div class="ExternalClass7C13E890BA2A4C86A9DAD63E40F80EEA"><p><em>Access Denied: Assisted Reproductive Technology Services and the Resurrection of Hill-Burton, 35 WILLIAM MITCHELL LAW REVIEW 412 (2009)</em></p> </div>https://www.wmitchell.edu/lawreview/documents/Apel.pdf121Publication
Access to Assisted Reproductive Technologieshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=124Access to Assisted Reproductive Technologies<div class="ExternalClass941C81784598449CAF12A9C877F2E798"><p>​​<span lang="EN" style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:115%;font-family:"verdana","sans-serif";font-size:9pt;"><em>Access to Assisted Reproductive Technologies</em></span><span lang="EN" style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:115%;font-family:"verdana","sans-serif";font-size:9pt;">, 12 JOURNAL OF MEDICINE & LAW 33 (2008); republished by Kluwers-Wolter in 2007 in a compendium of papers presented at the transnational conference in Trento, Italy; republished again in ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES (Anila V. Menon, ed., Icfai University Press, Hyderabad, India, 2008)</span></p></div>http://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/jmdl12&id=1&collection=journals&index=journals/jmdl#1124Publication
Cryopreserved Embryos: A Response to “Forced Parenthood” and the Role of Intent (2007)http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=175Cryopreserved Embryos: A Response to “Forced Parenthood” and the Role of Intent (2007)<div class="ExternalClass2DE59BC7DAFC4E63A6DA0350D4E18DD7"><p>​<span lang="EN" style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:115%;font-family:"verdana","sans-serif";font-size:9pt;"><em>Cryopreserved Embryos: A Response to “Forced Parenthood” and the Role of Intent</em></span><span lang="EN" style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:115%;font-family:"verdana","sans-serif";font-size:9pt;">, FAMILY LAW: BALANCING INTERESTS AND PURSUING PRIORITIES (L. D. Wardle and C. S. Williams, eds., edited version, 2007)</span></p></div>175Publication
Why Marriage Still Matters: A Response to Professor Gregory Johnson’s Paper, Civil Unions, A Reappraisalhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=162Why Marriage Still Matters: A Response to Professor Gregory Johnson’s Paper, Civil Unions, A Reappraisalhttp://lawreview.vermontlaw.edu/files/2012/02/apel.pdf162Publication
Innovative Legal Education: The General Practice Programhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=177Innovative Legal Education: The General Practice Program<div class="ExternalClassB2D7B325AA2C4AAB8704DB142E7A1615"><p>​<em>Innovative Legal Education: The General Practice Program</em>, SYLLABUS, newsletter of the ABA Section of Legal Education and Admissions to the Bar (Spring 2004)</p></div>177Publication
Collaborative Law: A Skeptic’s Viewhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=176Collaborative Law: A Skeptic’s View<div class="ExternalClassBD6354E838E54EFEA4526E3B535ED75D"><p>​<span lang="EN" style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:115%;font-family:"verdana","sans-serif";font-size:9pt;"><em>Collaborative Law: A Skeptic’s View</em></span><span lang="EN" style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:115%;font-family:"verdana","sans-serif";font-size:9pt;">, 30, no. 1 VERMONT BAR JOURNAL 41(2004)</span></p></div>176Publication
Genetic Testing: Speaking up for Women’s Privacy Interestshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=178Genetic Testing: Speaking up for Women’s Privacy Interests<div class="ExternalClass2A1F60A0F15F4EBF9658ABEC9B326A7D"><p><em>Genetic Testing: Speaking up for Women's Privacy Interests</em>, 6 JOURNAL OF GENDER SPECIFIC MEDICINE 9 (2003)</p></div>178Publication
Privacy in Genetic Testing: Why Women Are Differenthttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=179Privacy in Genetic Testing: Why Women Are Different<div class="ExternalClassA0EBAB7635BB48C7AA9DA40DF9F3334D"><p>​<em>Privacy in Genetic Testing: Why Women Are Different</em>, 11 SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA INTERDISCIPLINARY LAW JOURNAL 1 (2001)</p></div>http://mylaw2.usc.edu/why/students/orgs/ilj/assets/docs/11-1%20Apel.pdf179Publication
Disposition of Frozen Embryos: Are Contracts the Solution?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=180Disposition of Frozen Embryos: Are Contracts the Solution?<div class="ExternalClassAD7981D3E11E4573A615D7D3C2A426AC"><p>​<em>Disposition of Frozen Embryos: Are Contracts the Solution?</em> 27 VERMONT BAR JOURNAL 29 (2001)</p></div>180Publication
The Seven Principles of Good Practice in Legal Education: Good Practice Encourages Student-Faculty Contacthttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=181The Seven Principles of Good Practice in Legal Education: Good Practice Encourages Student-Faculty Contact<div class="ExternalClass0ADD7A3206B644DA91E899FAACF88CC5"><p>​<span lang="EN" style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:115%;font-family:"verdana","sans-serif";font-size:9pt;"><em>The Seven Principles of Good Practice in Legal Education: Good Practice Encourages Student-Faculty Contact, 49 JOURNAL OF LEGAL EDUCATION 371 (1999)</em></span></p></div>181Publication
Gender and Invisible Work: Musings of a Woman Law Professorhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=182Gender and Invisible Work: Musings of a Woman Law Professor<div class="ExternalClassA456C1D4B5DA4295B4FCD1E5D4914688"><p>​<span lang="EN" style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:115%;font-family:"verdana","sans-serif";font-size:9pt;"><em>Gender and Invisible Work: Musings of a Woman Law Professor</em></span><span lang="EN" style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:115%;font-family:"verdana","sans-serif";font-size:9pt;">, 31 UNIVERSITY OF SAN FRANCISCO LAW REVIEW 993 (1997)</span></p></div>182Publication
Communitarianism and Feminism: The Case Against the Preference for the Two Parent Familyhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=183Communitarianism and Feminism: The Case Against the Preference for the Two Parent Family<div class="ExternalClass3BAC809EF55C473AB6D3E7BB6E147766"><p>​<span lang="EN" style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:115%;font-family:"verdana","sans-serif";font-size:9pt;"><em>Communitarianism and Feminism: The Case Against the Preference for the Two Parent Family,</em></span><span lang="EN" style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:115%;font-family:"verdana","sans-serif";font-size:9pt;"> 10 WISCONSIN WOMEN’S LAW JOURNAL 1 (1995)</span></p></div>183Publication
Operation Rescue and the Necessity Defense: Beginning a Feminist Deconstructionhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=186Operation Rescue and the Necessity Defense: Beginning a Feminist Deconstruction<div class="ExternalClass1AE35FDE5BFB4D69BB4AAFE2F9473CE7"><p>​<span lang="EN" style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:115%;font-family:"verdana","sans-serif";font-size:9pt;"><em>Operation Rescue and the Necessity Defense: Beginning a Feminist Deconstruction,</em></span><span lang="EN" style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:115%;font-family:"verdana","sans-serif";font-size:9pt;"> 48 WASHINGTON AND LEE LAW REVIEW 41 (1991)</span></p></div>http://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/waslee48&id=51&collection=journals&index=journals/waslee#51186Publication
Custodial Parents, Child Sexual Abuse, and the Legal System: Beyond Contempthttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=187Custodial Parents, Child Sexual Abuse, and the Legal System: Beyond Contempt<div class="ExternalClass914AF96A54634E668FF036B9839986D7"><p>​​<span lang="EN" style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:115%;font-family:"verdana","sans-serif";font-size:9pt;"><em>Custodial Parents, Child Sexual Abuse, and the Legal System: Beyond Contempt</em></span><span lang="EN" style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:115%;font-family:"verdana","sans-serif";font-size:9pt;">, 38 AMERICAN UNIVERSITY LAW REVIEW 491 (1989)</span></p></div>http://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/aulr38&id=507&collection=journals&index=journals/aulr#507187Publication
Closing the Loop: Multidisciplinary Challenges to Support Communication with Egg Donors and Recipientshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=57Closing the Loop: Multidisciplinary Challenges to Support Communication with Egg Donors and Recipients<div class="ExternalClass2F3670EA5F5A469586E6B9CCB496EF50">Book Review: Closing the Loop: Multidisciplinary Challenges to Support Communication with Egg Donors and Recipients, American Journal of Bioethics Primary Research. </div>57Publication
Why Compensating Surrogate Mothers Is The Right Thing To Dohttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=59Why Compensating Surrogate Mothers Is The Right Thing To Do<div class="ExternalClass93A26DE816AB41D4B9780DAA440A9F4A">Why Compensating Surrogate Mothers Is The Right Thing To Do; also picked up and reported by Bioethics.com</div>http://bioethics.com/?p=910559Publication

​Presentations

 

 

Interdisciplinary Teachinghttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=226Interdisciplinary Teaching<div class="ExternalClassE72C592953EA4F8486F2868CF197A77D"><p>​<span lang="EN" style="color:#1a1a1a;line-height:115%;font-family:"verdana","sans-serif";font-size:9pt;">“Interdisciplinary Teaching,” poster presentation, Section of Law and Medicine, AALS Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., January 2007</span></p></div>226Presentation
Law and Medicine: An Interdisciplinary Simulation on Teaching from Multiple Professional Perspectiveshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=227Law and Medicine: An Interdisciplinary Simulation on Teaching from Multiple Professional Perspectives<div class="ExternalClass190399E6A7634A28AB71502315AA8241"><p>​"Law and Medicine: An Interdisciplinary Simulation on Teaching from Multiple Professional Perspectives," Institute for Law School Teaching, Gonzaga University School of Law, Boston, MA, June 2007.</p></div>227Presentation
Access to Assisted Reproductive Technologies and the Role for Lawhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=228Access to Assisted Reproductive Technologies and the Role for Law<div class="ExternalClass0A9495FA392E4F1EA6935274822583DE"><p>​"Access to Assisted Reproductive Technologies and the Role for Law," International Scholars Forum, Trento, Italy, June 2006. </p></div>228Presentation
Why Marriage Mattershttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=229Why Marriage Matters<div class="ExternalClassBA3911A19C074CC093799120C33B1143"><p>​"Why Marriage Matters," International Scholars Forum, Woodstock, VT, September 2005. </p></div>229Presentation
Cryopreserved Embryos: A Response to "Forced Parenthood" and the Role of Intenthttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=230Cryopreserved Embryos: A Response to "Forced Parenthood" and the Role of Intent<div class="ExternalClass21E07DA7A5714E06A90AD2E0EDB49DE4"><p>​<em>Cryopreserved Embryos: A Response to "Forced Parenthood" and the Role of Intent</em>: 12<sup>th</sup> World Conference of the International Society of Family Law in Salt Lake City, UT in July 2005. </p></div>230Presentation
Gender and Law Revisitedhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=231Gender and Law Revisited<div class="ExternalClass4ADB935D5BF8489FBD9FB0626DD13A4F"><p>​"Gender and Law Revisited," Harvard Law School, March 2002. </p></div>231Presentation
Do You See What I See?http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=232Do You See What I See?<div class="ExternalClass7E81D3CC728547CF948F269C7B18B78D"><p>​"Do You See What I See?," Institute for Law School Teaching, Spokane, WA, summer 2004. </p></div>232Presentation
"The Price of Eggs: The Sale of Human Gametes," "Disposition of Frozen Embryos," and "Genetic Testing and Privacy: Who's Telling What to Whom?"http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=233"The Price of Eggs: The Sale of Human Gametes," "Disposition of Frozen Embryos," and "Genetic Testing and Privacy: Who's Telling What to Whom?"<div class="ExternalClass2127283C1AD24C40B7A21C7DDF110FC8"><p>​"The Price of Eggs: The Sale of Human Gametes," "Disposition of Frozen Embryos," and "Genetic Testing and Privacy: Who's Telling What to Whom?" Dartmouth Community Medical School, spring and fall 2000. </p></div>233Presentation
Policing the Conduct of Pregnant Womenhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=234Policing the Conduct of Pregnant Women<div class="ExternalClass3DECD639757947939DBF26ED9CF1FE24"><p>​"Policing the Conduct of Pregnant Women," Dartmouth Medical School, 1998. </p></div>234Presentation
Communitarianism and Feminism: The Case Against the Preference for the Two-Parent Familyhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=235Communitarianism and Feminism: The Case Against the Preference for the Two-Parent Family<div class="ExternalClassAB39379FA1094F0BA4C2694159138A66"><p>​"Communitarianism and Feminism: The Case Against the Preference for the Two-Parent Family" Law and Society Annual Meeting, 1995. </p></div>235Presentation
Operation Rescue and Women as Outsiders: (Mis)shaping the (Legal) Discoursehttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Accomplishments Activities/DispForm.aspx?ID=236Operation Rescue and Women as Outsiders: (Mis)shaping the (Legal) Discourse<div class="ExternalClass5AE6EE653D2B417C9D11633EE5905281"><p>​"Operation Rescue and Women as Outsiders: (Mis)shaping the (Legal) Discourse" Law and Society Annual Meeting, 1993.</p></div>236Presentation

​Affiliations