The institute generates a number of publications related to its research endeavors.

Multi-Criteria Portfolio Analysis of Electricity Resources: An Empirical Framework for Valuing Resource in an Increasingly Complex Decision Making Environment, Background Materials

Expert Workshop: System Approach to Assessing the Value of Wind Energy to Society European Commission Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy and Transport, Petten, The Netherlands, November 13-14, 2013

Link to Publication

Small modular reactors and the future of nuclear power in the United States

Energy Research & Social Science, Volume 3, September 2014, Pages 161–177

Link to Publication

​​​​A Smarter, Greener Grid:  Forging Environmental Progress through Smart Energy Policies and Technologies

​​​Kevin B. Jones and David Zoppo ('13), Praeger, May 2014

Twenty-one students from the IEE's Smart Grid Project contributed to this new book which according to former FERC Chairman Jon Wellinghoff, "describes and examines policies and technologies that will enable distributed resources - including efficiency, demand response, distributed generation, and electric vehicles - to transform our energy future.  This book offers a realistic path to that future and real progress toward mitigating the impacts of climate change."

I​​ndustry Response to Revenue Erosion from Solar PV's

​Jonathan Blansfield ('14) and Kevin B. Jones in Distributed Generation and its Implications for the Utility Industry, Edited by Fereidoon P. Sioshansi, Academic Press, 2014.

In a chapter of this book, two members of the Smart Grid Project present three case studies from California, Arizona and Vermont, examining the relationship of increased distributed energy resource adoption and the evolving electric utility

A Farmer's Guide to Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

The Agriculture Energy Outreach Team recently published A Farmer's Guide to Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.  The purpose of this Guide is to introduce energy efficiency and renewable energy generation as ways for farmers to reduce their vulnerability to the volatile variable of on‐farm energy costs. This guide provides an overview of on-farm energy projects that can help reduce a farmer's overall energy use without compromising yield.  Importantly, this guide also highlights key federal incentives available to support the pursuit of these renewable energy and energy efficiency projects, explaining who is eligible and how to apply for funding.  In addition to federal resources, this guide provides useful resources and contact information to help locate technical and financial assistance in each state. 

Full Report

Financing Res​​​idential Energy Efficiency in Vermont

We began this research based on the assumption lack of financing stops most homeowners from improving the energy efficiency of their homes. However, after only a few interviews with Vermont lenders, the primary issue emerged: lack of demand. Without a strong reason to demand more energy efficiency, few homeowners will work through the bewilderingly complex process that leads to an outcome with unknown benefits. Vermont needs a simple, start-to-end process that includes easily accessible financing and policies that make the value of energy efficiency improvements visible to homeowners and to the market.

Executive Summary

Full Report

Ethanol Subsidies

Long heralded as a green alternative to fossil fuel, corn-based ethanol has become a costly distraction that chiefly benefits corporate, political and lobbying interests rather than the American public, the environment, small farmers and rural communities, according to a new report by Vermont Law School’s Institute for Energy and the Environment and Food & Water Watch, a Washington, D.C.-based nonprofit. The report "Crystal Eth: America’s Crippling Addiction to Taxpayer-financed Ethanol,” finds that the Ethanol industry has received over $22 billion in government support from 1999 to 2008, and that the funds largely benefited large agribusiness companies rather than supporting smaller farmers.

Full Report

Implementing the ArCtic Offshore Oil and Gas Guidelines

The Institute for Energy and the Environment is pleased to announce a fifth White Paper in its series on Arctic Offshore hydrocarbon development. The series examines how Arctic Ocean coastal states' regulations reflect guidelines produced by the Arctic Council/PAME for offshore oil and gas activity. The IEE prepared papers on Canada and the United States in Fall 2010. In February 2011, the IEE presented the Greenland and Russian Federation White Paper to the Inuit Circumpolar Council, which commissioned the study.
White Papers:

United States and Canada

Greenland and Russia

Other Publications

  • Zhen Zhang and Matthew Stern, NERC Today and Tomorrow, Public Utilities Fortnightly, March 2010
  • John A. Sautter and Christina Switzer, A Change in Climate? How State Regulators Are Making Decisions in Response to Global Warming, Elec. J. (forthcoming 2008).
  • Michael Dworkin & Rachel Goldwasser, Government Accountability and Independent System Operators, 28 Energy L.J. 453 (2007).
  • John A. Sautter, Laura Furrey & R. Lee Gresham, Construction of a Fool's Paradise: Ethanol Subsidies in America, 7 Sustainable Dev. L. & Pol'y 26 (2007).
  • John A. Sautter, Where Have All the Benefits Gone: Cost Allocation Toward Residential Ratepayers in Restructured Electricity Markets, 20 Elec. J. 36 (2007).
  • Michael Dworkin, et al., Revisiting the Environmental Duties of Public Utility Commissions, 7 Vt. J. Envtl. L. 1 (2006).
  • Michael Dworkin, Shanna Vale & Ellen Crivella, The (im)Prudence of Coal Investment, 314 Sci. 1791 (2006).
  • Keith Dennis, The Compatibility of Economic Theory and Proactive Energy Efficiency Policy, 19 Elec. J. 58 (2006).