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Reed Loder

Reed Elizabeth Loder

Professor of Law
Environmental Law Center
Animal Law

JD, University of Connecticut, 1983

PhD, Boston University, 1979

MA, Boston University, 1977

AB, Boston University, 1969


Curriculum Vitae

Reed Elizabeth Loder


Professor Reed Elizabeth Loder is an accomplished ethicist. The courses she has taught at Vermont Law School include Environmental Ethics, Legal Profession, Moral Philosophy for Professionals, and Property Law. She also has taught Ethics in the Professions at Dartmouth College.

She received her AB, MA, and PhD, all in philosophy, from Boston University. As a law student, she received the Connecticut Law Tribune Award, the Cornelius W. Wickersham Jr. Award (by the Federal Bar Council to the student judged most proficient in constitutional law), and American Jurisprudence Book Awards, among others. After receiving her JD degree, magna cum laude, in 1983 from the University of Connecticut, she clerked for the Honorable Thomas P. Smith, magistrate of the U.S. District Court in Bridgeport, Connecticut. She did legal work part time for the firm of Peckham, Lobel, Casey and Tye in Boston while teaching Legal Writing, Professional Responsibility, and Trial Advocacy at Boston College Law School. In 1988, she was an adjunct professor at VLS, while also an assistant professor of research and writing at Boston College Law School. She joined the VLS faculty in 1989. From 1990 to 1993, she also was a visiting professor at Dartmouth College. Her presentations have included "Lawyer Confidentiality" at Dartmouth College, "Ethics of the Government Lawyer" for Vermont attorneys general, "Ethical Discretion and Lawyers" at the Indiana University School of Law, and panels at VLS on pro bono services, religion and the environment, independence of the judiciary, and judicial ethics. She was a commentator for New Hampshire Public Television during a judicial impeachment trial. In addition to other publications in the field of ethics, she is writing a book, "Lawyers and Virtue."

Professor Loder is a member of the American Bar Association, the American Philosophical Association, and the Association of Practical and Professional Ethics, She was selected as a 2006-2007 Fellow of the National Institute for Teaching Ethics and Professionalism. She has served by court appointment on the New Hampshire Supreme Court Advisory Committee on Judicial Ethics since 2001.



"Bears Among Us: Earth Law and Animal-Human Coexistence," chapter in Earth Law: A Practitioner's Guide, Wolters Kluwer (2021).

"Ecological Jurisprudence Beyond Earth: Toward an Outer Space Ethic," chapter in From Environmental to Ecological Law (Kirsten Anker, Peter Burdon, Geoffrey Garver, Michelle Maloney & Carla Sbert, eds.), Routledge (January 2021).

"Mining Asteroids: Ecological Jurisprudence Beyond Earth," VIRGINIA ENVIRONMENTAL LAW JOURNAL, Volume 3, Issue 36, Fall 2018.


"Mining Asteroids: Ecological Jurisprudence Beyond Earth," VIRGINIA ENVIRONMENTAL LAW JOURNAL, Volume 3, Issue 36, Fall 2018.

​Toward Reconciling Environmental and Animal Ethics: Northeast Wolf Reintroduction, 10 Journal of Animal and Natural Resource Law 95-164 (2014).

The Ethical Dimensions of Sustainability, THE LONG VIEW, Summer 2011, No. 6, The Oregon State Bar Sustainable Future Section

Gratitude and the Environment: Toward Individual and Collective Ecological Virtue, 2011 JOURNAL JURISPRUDENCE 383 (2011)

Breath of Life: Ethical Wind Power and Wildlife, 10 Vermont Journal of Environmental Law 507-531 (2009).

Epistemic Integrity and the Environmental Future, 32 Environs: Environmental Law and Policy Journal 1-46 (2008).

Lawyers and Gratitude, 20 Notre Dame J. of Law, Ethics and Public Policy, Symposium on Law and Politics as Avocation 175 (2006).

Integrity and Epistemic Passion, 77 Notre Dame Law Review, 841 (2002).

Tending the Generous Heart: Mandatory Pro Bono and Moral Development, 14 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 459 (2001).

Professional Grieving, 21 Legal Stud. F. 267 (1997).

​Symposium, When Silence Screams, 29 Loy. L.A. Rev. 1785 (1996).

Moral Truthseeking and the Virtuous Negotiator, 8 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 45 (1994).

Moral Truthseeking and the Virtuous Negotiator, 8 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 45 (1994).

Out From Uncertainty: A Model of the Lawyer-Client Relationship, 2 S. Cal. Interdisc. L.J. 89 (1993).

Moral Skepticism and Lawyers, 1990 Utah L. Rev. 47.

Legal Advocacy

Published Advisory Opinions, New Hampshire Supreme Court Advisory Committee on Judicial Ethics (2001 - present)​


Panelist, "Endangered Species Act", ESA and CITES: Two Statutes, Both Alike in Dignity, Environmental Law Institute, Washington, DC, on November 1, 2018.

Moderator, 9th Annual Colloquium on Environmental Scholarship, Vermont Law School, September 22, 2018.

Moderator, "The Promise and Specifics of Ecological Law" Economics for the Anthropocene and Ecological Law and Governance Association joint conference, McGill Universit,y October 17, 2017.

"Outer Space and the Anthropocene: The Space Act of 2015" Law and Governance for the Anthropocene, joint conference Vermont Law School, Magill University, University of Vermont. April 8, 2016 at Vermont Law School. 

​Presentation, “The Ethics of Wolf Reintroduction: Toward Reconciling Environmental and Animal Law," Lewis & Clark LLM Program, Portland, OR, March 9, 2015.

​Teaching Ethics Across the Professions, talk and panel discussion, Association of Practical and Professional Ethics (APPE), Annual Conference, Cincinnati, Ohio, March 2010

​"Workplace Ethics for Court Personnel," New Hampshire Courts, May 2006.

​Presented "Environment and Religion," Solutions Conference, 2006.

Presented ​"Judicial Accountability," 2005.

​"Ethical Discretion and Lawyers," series on ethics in the professions, Indiana University School of Law, Indianapolis, 1988.

​"Lawyer Confidentiality," Dartmouth College, 1994.

Presented ​"The Ethics of the Government Lawyer," to attorneys-general of Vermont, 1989.

Awards & Accomplishments

Service Work

​New Hampshire Supreme Court Advisory Committee on Judicial Ethics, 2001-present.

​Numerous pro bono consulting, counseling, and drafting services on ethics issues including conflict of interest, ethics policies, and applied and professional ethics, since 1989.

Other Accomplishments or Activities

​Bar Memberships: Supreme Judicial Court, MA since 1984; U.S. District Court, S. District CT since 1984; CT Superior Court since 1983.

​Legal ethics commentator on New Hampshire Supreme Court impeachment trial, New Hampshire Public Television and Radio, 2000.

​Professor of research and writing, Boston College Law School, 1984-89.

​Visiting Professor Dartmouth College, co-taught "Ethics in the Professions,” 1990 - 1993.

​Clerk, The Hon. Thomas P. Smith, U.S. Magistrate, U.S. District Court, Bridgeport, CT 1983-1984.

​Part-time piecework in general litigation firm of Peckham, Lebel, Casey and Tye, Boston, 1985-87.

Awards, Honors or Grants

​Fellow, National Institute for Teaching of Ethics and Professionalism (NIFTEP Fellow), 2006-2007


​Professor at Vermont Law School since 1989; tenured since 1993.