Mark James is an Assistant Professor and a Senior Research Fellow in the Institute for Energy and the Environment (IEE). Mark holds an LL.M in Energy Law (2016) from VLS where he served as an IEE Global Energy Fellow from 2014 to 2016. Mark’s current work explores privacy protections for data generated by smart meters and rooftop solar arrays. His earlier including leading a research team on a multi-year SunShot Plug and Play project to commercialize adhered solar PV panel technology and a study of stakeholder governance processes in competitive wholesale electric markets. He earned his B.Sc. in Ecology, with honors, from the University of Toronto and his J.D., with an environmental specialization, from the University of Ottawa. While completing his J.D., he co-founded the Canadian Association of Environmental Law Societies, a national environmental law student group connecting Canadian environmental law students, academics, and practitioners.