Jim is a financial economist with broad and deep energy industry experience, providing analysis, strategic guidance and expert testimony across a wide range of business, regulatory and public policy issues. He is a Chartered Financial Analyst and a Certified Rate of Return Analyst with B.A. and M.A. degrees in Economics. He has held a variety of positions involving electric utility ratemaking, integrated resource planning, asset valuation, project benefit-cost analysis, resource portfolio management, wholesale market transactions and regulatory affairs at Duke Energy, the American Public Power Association, Duquesne Light and Power and Central Vermont Public Service/Green Mountain Power. He also has many years of experience teaching economics as an adjunct instructor at Castleton State University. He currently works as an independent consultant from his home in Ponte Vedra, Florida.