Certificate in International and Comparative Law

Earning a certificate in International and Comparative Law from Vermont Law School demonstrates a committed focus on international law. Program graduates have the skills and substantive knowledge to play a strong role in international firms, international organizations, NGOs and government agencies.

A minimum of 18 credits in international, foreign and comparative law courses with no more than 10 credits on a pass/fail basis. Students must maintain an overall cumulative GPA of 3.00 or above in courses used towards the certificate (except as noted) and earn a minimum of 93 credits for degree.


  • International Law (Must earn a "B" or better in this course)
  • Comparative Law or other comparative law course (Must earn a "B" or better in this course)


  • INT7426 Comparative Constitutional Law
  • INT7414 European Union Law-Trento
  • ENV5218 International Climate Change Law
  • Semester in Practice with international/foreign law focus (maximum 10 credits towards certificate)
  • Semester Study at McGill University
  • Semester Study at University of Trento
  • Semester Study at Paris 1
  • Semester Study at Cergy-Pontoise
  • ABA-approved Summer Study Abroad courses
  • An independent research project (IRP) conducted abroad, if based upon international work experience during law school, including summers, if the prior approval for this purpose is obtained from the Director of International and Comparative Law Programs
  • Other such courses approved by the Director of International and Comparative Law Programs


  • All "INT" courses
  • GPP7814 International Intellectual Property
  • PUB7550 National Security Law
  • VLS Summer Session Courses:
    • ENV5521 Earth Law
    • ENV5423 Ocean and Coastal Law
    • ENV5442 Human Rights and the Environment
    • ENV5445 Environmental Justice and Sustainability
    • ENV5446 Environmental Justice
    • ENV5560 Environmental Protection and the Law of Armed Conflict
    • Other VLS Summer Session course approved by the Director of the International and Comparative Law program