The Environmental and Natural Resources Law Clinic works on a range of state, regional, and national environmental issues concentrated in four program areas: Water, Coal & Climate, Biodiversity, and Healthy Communities.


The ENRLC works to protect and restore surface waters, groundwater, and aquatic ecosystems. We’ve filed citizen suits, challenged agency actions, counseled neighborhood groups, and advocated for regulatory and policy changes in multiple venues. A few examples:  

Stopping Vermont Yankee's Hot Water Discharge
Urging the State of Vermont to protect the Connecticut River by imposing adequate controls on Vermont Yankee's thermal discharge and cooling water intake structure.

Protecting Vermont’s Water Quality through Systemic Reform
Petitioning the United States Environmental Protection Agency to either assume control of Vermont’s Clean Water Act program, or to require Vermont to properly administer the Act.

Preventing Groundwater Pollution in Southwestern Vermont
Challenging Omya, Inc. to properly dispose of its solid waste in accordance with Vermont and federal solid waste law.

~Coal & Climate~

The Clinic's Coal & Climate projects offer student clinicians the chance to work on cutting-edge issues relating to global climate change using a variety of legal tools and strategies. Much of the Clinic's climate work involves the coal industry because of its overwhelming contribution to the climate crisis and harmful impacts on human health and the environment. A few examples:

Keeping Tar Sands out of New England

Partnering with local and national groups to keep shipments of tar sands oil from flowing through the Portland-Montreal pipeline.

Preventing New Coal-Fired Power Plant and Minefilling in Pennsylvania

Working with the Environmental Integrity Project and Residents Against the Power Plant on coal issues in western Pennsylvania.

Protecting Montana Citizens and Ranchers from New Coal Mining Activities

Working with the Northern Plains Resource Council to prevent harmful coal development in Montana's Powder River Basin.


Since its inception, the Clinic has been devoted to protecting endangered species, biodiversity, healthy ecosystems, and the natural beauty of wild places for their own sake and for benefit of current and future generations. These irreplaceable resources face a wide array of human-induced threats, including climate change, industrial activities, oil and gas production, dams, and government programs that encourage rapid development without adequate attention to environmental consequences. A few examples of the Clinic's work:

Protecting Puerto Rico's Rich Ecosystems from Proposed Via Verde Pipeline

Fighting to protect over 300 of acres of wetlands, numerous streams and surface waters, protected natural reserves, unique limestone karst formations, ancient archaeological sites, and more than 40 federally listed endangered species.

Protecting the Gray Wolf in the Northeast

Requiring the United States to maintain Endangered Species Act protections for the gray wolf.

Saving Passamaquoddy Bay

Challenging the federal government’s failure to properly consider the cultural, spiritual, and environmental impacts of a proposed liquefied natural gas terminal on the Passamaquoddy Tribe’s Pleasant Point Reservation.

~Healthy Communities~

A key component of the Healthy Communities program is to help communities in northern New England address contaminated sites and polluting facilities in their neighborhoods, often in partnership with the New England-based advocacy group Toxics Action Center. This program also includes broader advocacy work directed toward advancing healthy, sustainable policies for the planet. Some examples include:

Requiring Labels for Genetically Engineered Foods
Providing legal support to advance Vermont’s trailblazing labeling law for genetically engineered foods, and helping to defend the law in court.

Opposing an Asphalt Plant in Local Residential Community
Representing residents in Graniteville, Vermont, to protect them from air pollution and other threats posed by a proposed asphalt plant.

Helping Neighbors of Factory Farms

Providing tools to help people who live near factory farms challenge their property tax assessments.