Hillary Hoffmann


Hillary Hoffmann teaches Legislation and Regulation; Natural Resources Law, Native American Law, and Administrative Law. Professor Hoffmann's scholarship addresses the systems governing natural resource use and allocation on public lands and tribal lands and cultural resource protection on federal, state, and tribal lands. Her recent articles explore the strengths and limitations of federalism, both in the context of tribal regulatory authority over natural resources, and more broadly as a means of ensuring that democratic principles guide public natural resources management decisions across all categories of federal public lands. Professor Hoffmann has written and commented extensively on the administration and management of federal public lands and tribal lands, and her latest publications on these topics can be found in the L.A. Times, the Denver Law Review, and the Oregon Law Review. Listen to her interview for Public Radio International’s Living on Earth to hear more about how President Trump’s reduction of the Bears Ears National Monument in Utah will affect natural and cultural resources within the former Monument boundaries, or read her testimony before the House Natural Resources Committee regarding the impacts of oil and gas development (specifically, fracking) on tribal communities in Montana and North Dakota.

Prior to joining the faculty at Vermont Law School, Professor Hoffmann practiced in the litigation group at Fabian & Clendenin, P.C. in Salt Lake City, Utah. Her practice included commercial contract disputes, general commercial litigation, employment law, administrative law, federal Indian law, and natural resources law. She represented a wide variety of clients in state and federal court, and before the Department of Interior’s Office of Hearings and Appeals.

Professor Hoffmann received her BA in Spanish literature with High Honors from Middlebury College and her JD from the S. J. Quinney College of Law at the University of Utah. In law school, she was a William H. Leary Scholar, the Richard L. Dewsnup Fellow in Natural Resource Law, and a member of the Utah Law Review.



Speaking Regional Truth to Washington Power Over Federal Public Lands, Vermont Journal of Environmental Law (forthcoming 2019).

​Impacts of the BLM Fracking Rule in Indian Country, Environmental Law Reporter (Oct. 2015).​
The Flawed Law and Economics of Federal Land Seizure Statutes. National Resources & Environment, February 5, 2015.​


"Trump's America First Energy Plan Puts Industry First, Environment Last",  VJEL Top 10 Environmental Watchlist (co-authored with student Marisa Heiling, '20).

"Grand Staircase-Escalante and Bears Ears National Monuments Litigation," Environmental Law Profs Blog, December 5, 2017.

Obama Administration Settles With Navajo Nation for $554M. Vermont Journal of Environmental Law, December 10, 2014 (co-authored with Andrew Settle).​

​Tenth Circuit Issues Decision Regarding Claims to R.S. 2477 Rights of Way Over Federal Lands. Environmental Law Prof Blog, December 5, 2014.

​What Shell's Ninth Circuit Loss Means for Preemptive Suits Under the APA. Environmental Law Prof Blog, November 15, 2014.​
​The End of the Road for RS. 2477 Claimants in Canyonlands National Park. Environmental Law Prof Blog, May 2, 2014.​

Legal Advocacy

Brief of Amici Curiae Federal Indian Law Professors in Support of Petitioner, Herrera v. Wyoming, United States Supreme Court (Sept. 18, 2018) (signatory).

Testimony Before the U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Natural Resources, Hearing on H.R. 866 and H.R. 1484, November 15, 2016.

​Brief of Amici Curiae Natural Resources and Property Law Professors in Support of Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance​, Utah Supreme Court, October 9, 2015.​

​Brief of Amici Scholars of Statutory Interpretation and Native American Law in Support of Petitioners, in Sac and Fox Nation of Oklahoma, et al. v. Borough of Jim Thorpe, et al., Supreme Court of the United States, July 2, 2015 (signatory).​

Brief of Amici Curiae Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc. and Sierra Club in Support of Appellant the United States of America, in United States v. Estate of E. Wayne Hage, et al. Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, May 16, 2014 (co-authored with John Echeverria).​


"Tribal Natural Resource Co-Management Agreements:  the Bears Ears National Monument," Indian Law and Policy in the Era of Trump, Indian Nations and Indigenous Peoples Panel, American Association of Law Schools Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA (Jan. 3, 2019).

FLPMA Mineral Withdrawal Revocations Under the Trump Administration, 9th Annual Colloquium on Environmental Scholarship, Vermont Law School (Sept. 22, 2018).

Interview, "Oil and Gas Drilling Could Endanger U.S. Archaeological Sites," All Things Considered, National Public Radio (Aug. 19, 2018). 

"FLPMA Mineral Withdrawals Under the Trump Administration," 64th Annual Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Institute, Natural Resources Law Teachers' Workshop, Victoria, B.C. (July 22, 2018).

Presenter, "Tribal Natural Resources Co-Management Agreements: Transitioning Natural Resource Management From a Jurisdictional Model to an Ecological Model," Economics for the Anthropocene (E4A) Law and Governance Research Initiative and Ecological Law and Governance Association (ELGA) Workshop, McGill University Faculty of Law, Montreal, QC, October 18, 2017.

Testimony, "Legislative Hearing on H.R. 866, The Federal Lands Freedom Act and H.R. 1484, The Honor Nevada Enabling Act of 1864 Act," House Committee on Natural Resources, Nov. 15, 2016.
​Environmental Law in Indian Country​, Federa​l Bar Association, Washington, D.C., October 28, 2016.​
"Public Lands and Climate Resilience: Implementing the Paris Agreement Through Progressive Grazing Policies in the U.S. and Australia," 7th Annual Colloquium on Environmental Scholarship, Vermont Law School, September 23, 2016.
Environment Versus Development, University of Vermont Workshop, Reframing the Arctic: Cooperation, Not Conflict, July 6-7, 2015.​
"Fracking Waste Disposal in Indian Country," Merits and Ramifications of the BLM Fracking Rule, Environmental Law Institute, May 28, 2015.
"The Unsustainable Livestock Grazing Regime on Federal Public Lands: Lessons from Abroad," First Annual Sustainability Conference of American Legal Educators, Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law, Arizona State University, May 8, 2015.​
​"Fracking Waste Disposal in Indian Country," Vermont Journal of Environmental Law Symposium (October 2014).
"A Constitutional Critique of Utah's Transfer of Public Lands Act," Presenter, 5th Annual Colloquium on Environmental Scholarship (October 2014).​
​"The Real Public Lands Standoff in Nevada: Unsustainable Livestock Grazing and Climate Change," New England Political Science Association Annual Meeting, Woodstock, VT (April 2014).
"Demand Management and Livestock Grazing in the Great Basin: an Integrated Approach to the Climate Crisis Facing Federal Rangelands," Shapiro Symposium on Public Lands, George Washington University (March 2014).
​"Cultural Resource Protection and Federal Livestock Grazing Policy," Virtual Guest Lecture Series, Mercer University Law School (November 2013).
​"Managing Multiple Incompatible Uses: Why the Forest Services Livestock Grazing Policy Fails to Protect Native American Archeological Sites," 19th International Symposium on Society and Resource Management, A Time for Integration, Estes Park, Colorado (June 2013).

Awards & Accomplishments


​Member, Sierra Club Litigation Committee Member (2014-present)​​

Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals (2013-present)

Federal District Court for the District of Vermont (2006-present)

Vermont Supreme Court (2006-present)

Federal District Court for the District of Utah (2003-present)

Utah Supreme Court (2003-present)

American Bar Association