Betsy Baker

Biography

Betsy Baker was named Executive Director of the North Pacific Research Board (www.nprb.org) in Anchorage, Alaska, in 2016 after almost a decade of teaching at Vermont Law School. Joining VLS in 2007 as a visiting professor, she became a full time faculty member in 2010 and received tenure in 2013. At NPRB she is honored to work with a small staff of marine scientists and a twenty-member board to fund research that improves understanding of the marine waters around Alaska, their fisheries and their ecosystems. This work dovetails with her distinguished record of research, teaching and speaking on Arctic, Ocean, International, and Comparative Law.

Baker clerked for Judge John T. Noonan, Jr. of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals and was Visiting Scholar in the Office of Ocean and Polar Affairs at the U.S. Department of State. She earned her LL.M. and doctorate in law in Germany, where she was an Alexander von Humboldt Chancellor’s Fellow. Over her decade living in Germany she was affiliated with the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, and the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences. She has taught at the University of Alaska-Fairbanks, Vermont Law School, the University of Minnesota Law School, and Harvard Law School, where she was the John Harvey Gregory Lecturer on International Organizations Law and ran the graduate program for international law students.

Baker was selected as a Dickey Research Fellow in the Institute of Arctic Studies at Dartmouth College for 2009-2010. She was appointed to the National Academy of Sciences Polar Research Board in 2014 and is a member of the American Geophysical Union, the American Society of Comparative Law, and the American Society of International Law.

As a Distinguished Scholar, Dr. Baker will return to VLS for occasional lectures and teaching engagements.

Publications

Chapters

"Assessing Assessments of NAFTA's Marine Environment: The Commission for Environmental Cooperation meets the World Ocean Assessment," chapter in H. Kong and K. Wroth (eds.) NAFTA and Sustainable Development: History, Experience and Prospects for Reform, Cambridge University Press, publication expected Spring 2015.​

​​"Assessing Assessments of NAFTA’s Marine Environment: The Commission for Environmental Cooperation meets the World Ocean Assessment," in: Hoi Kong & Kinvin Wroth (eds.), NAFTA and Sustainable Development: History, Experience, and Prospects for Reform, Cambridge University Press 2015, 343-366 (expected Spring 2015).

​"Inter-linkages in International Law: The Convention on Biological Diversity as a Model for Linking Territory, Environment and Indigenous Rights in the Marine Arctic," in: S. Ali and R. Pincus (eds.), Diplomacy on Ice, Yale University Press, 2015, 41-60​.

​"A Note on Arctic Information Platforms and International Law," in S. Lalonde and T.McDorman (eds), International Law and Politics of the Arctic Ocean, Essays in Honor of Donat Pharand, Brill 2015, 434-445.

"Participation in the Offshore Regulatory Process: Federal-Inuit Relations in Alaska and the Western Canadian Arctic," in M. Nuttal (ed.), Geopolitical and Legal Aspects of Canada's and Europe's Northern Dimensions, Canadian Circumpolar Institute Press, publication expected Winter 2013.​
"​International Law and the Arctic: How Territoriality, Human Rights and the Environment can Shape Shared Sovereignty," in R.W. Murray and A.D. Nuttal (eds.), International Security and the Arctic: Examining the Theories and Policies of Circumpolar Politics, Cambria Press, publication expected Winter 2013.​
​The Legal and Regulatory Regime for Offshore Mineral Resources in the U.S. Arctic (with R. Sidortsov), chapter in a joint Russian-U.S. research project sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy and University of Tulsa School of Law, publication expected October 2013​​.
"​The developing regional regime for the marine Arctic," in E. Molenaar, A.G.O. Elferink, D. Rothwell (eds.), Law of the Sea and Polar Regions: Interactions between Global and Regional Regimes, Brill/Martinus Nijhoff, publication expected summer 2013.​
"Offshore Oil and Gas Development in the U.S. Arctic," in 2 Polar Law Textbook 175-83 (N. Loukacheva ed., Norden Publishers 2013).​
​Common Precepts of Marine Scientific Research Access in the Arctic, in S. Wasum-Rainer, I. Winkelmann, K. Tiroch, eds., Arctic Science, International Law and Climate Change (v. 235 of the Heidelberg Max Planck Institute's "Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht," (2012), 209-243.
"Elisabeth Mann Borgese: Making her Way," in K. Kühn (ed.), Elisabeth Mann Borgese and the Drama of the Oceans​. Publikation anlässlich des zehnten Todestages von Elisabeth Mann Borgese (Mare Verlag 2012), in cooperation with the IFM Geomar Institute for Marine Sciences at the University of Kiel, published as part of the catalog for an exhibit on Mann Borgese’s life at the Buddenbrookhaus Museum in Lübeck, Germany​

(with Larry Mayer and Capt. J. Ashley Roach (Ret.)) “Deepwater Horizon and the Arctic: Is There a Need for International Regulation?” in Myron H. Nordquist et al. (eds.) The Law of the Sea Convention: U.S. Accession and Globalization, Nijhoff/Brill (2012) 512-528, vol. 15 Center for Oceans Law and Policy​
​The Precedential Judge Manley O. Hudson: Rivers, Oceans and Equity, in: R. Bratspies / R. Miller (eds), PROGRESS IN INTERNATIONAL LAW, Nijhoff 2008, 451-472.​
"States Parties and the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf" in LIBER AMICORUM JUDGE THOMAS A. MENSAH: LAW OF THE SEA, PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT AND SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES, R. Wolfrum / T. Malik Ndiaye (eds), Nijhoff 2007, 669-686.
​REGIONAL AND NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW (F. Morrison, R. Wolfrum eds. 2000) Kluwer Law International, 201, 285, 603 and 821.​
"Protection of Global Atmospheric Components," "International Freshwaters," "National Enforcement of Global Atmospheric Treaties," and "Civil Liability as a Control Mechanism for Environmental Protection at the International Level," four chapters in INTERNATIONAL, REGIONAL AND NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW (F. Morrison, R. Wolfrum eds. 2000) Kluwer Law International, 201, 285, 603 and 821​.
U.S.-Amerikanisches Umwelthaftungsrecht [U.S. environmental liability law], in UMWELTSCHUTZ DURCH INTERNATIONALES HAFTUNGSRECHT, FORSCHUNGSBERICHT IM AUFTRAG DES UMWELTBUNDESAMTES, BAND 7/98, Erich Schmidt Verlag Berlin (C. Langenfeld, R. Wolfrum eds. 1999).​

Articles

Developing the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf in Alaska: A Legal and Regulatory Snapshot, Recommendations for the Alaska Arctic Policy Commission (AAPC), June 2014, Internal Report requested by the AAPC.
The National Marine Fisheries Service-Alaska Region: Arctic Experience for NOAA and the Nation, Internal White Paper summarizing independent research for NMFS Alaska Regional Office, May 2014​.
​Marine Biodiversity, Ecosystem Services and Better Use of Science Information, paper in H. Scheiber and S. Lee (eds), Proceedings of the Symposium "Securing the Ocean for the Next Generation," sponsored by the Law of the Sea Institute, School of Law, University of California, Berkeley and the Korea Ocean Research and ​Development Institute (KORDI), May 23, 2012, Seoul, Korea, LOSI Institute, publication expected Summer 2013.​
​(with B. Funston) PAME, The Arctic Ocean Review Project, Final Report, (Phase II 2011-2013), Kiruna May 2013. Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment (PAME) Secretariat, Akureyri (2013), v, 99 pp.
​(with Sarah Mooney) The Legal Status of Arctic Sea Ice in the United States and Canada, 35 Polar Geography 1-19 (2012).​
"​Offshore Oil and Gas Regulation in the Arctic: Room for Harmonization?," IV The Yearbook of Polar Law, 475-504 (2012)​.
​Uncommon Heritage: Elisabeth Mann Borgese, Pacem in Maribus​, the International Ocean Institute and preparations for UNCLOS III, 26 Ocean Yearbook, 11-34 (2012).

​B. Baker (ed.) with L. Campion, K. Sedlacek, J. Garcia Lomas-Gago, Z. Zhang, Implementing the Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas Guidelines in the United States and Canada, Vermont Law School, Institute for Energy and the Environment, White Papers Nos. 1-4, August-September 2010.

​Law, Science and the Continental Shelf: The Russian Federation and the Promise of Arctic Cooperation, in 25 American University International Law Review 251 (2010).​​
​Filling an Arctic Gap: Legal and Regulatory Possibilities for Canadian-U.S. Cooperation in the Beaufort Sea, in 34 Vermont Law Review 57 (2009).​
"Civilized Nations" in the Work of Johann Caspar Bluntschli in: POLITISCHES DENKEN IM 17. UND 18. JAHRHUNDERT, R. Reuter/ M. Kremer (Hrsg.), Kohlhammer 2007, 343-359​.​
Environmental Liability Legislation in the United States, in ENVIRONMENTAL LIABILITY IN INTERNATIONAL LAW: TOWARDS A COHERENT CONCEPTION, BERICHTE DES BUNDESUMWELTAMTES (REPORTS OF THE GERMAN FEDERAL ENVIRONMENT AGENCY), (C. Langenfeld, R. Wolfrum (eds), vol. 2/05, Erich Schmidt Verlag Berlin 2005.
The New Partnership for African Economic Development, 63 ZaöRV/Heidelberg Journal of International Law 1063 (2003).​
​International Law and the Institutions for Financing Sustainable Development after the Johannesburg Summit of 2002, with Volker Röben, in U. Beyerlin (ed.), 63 ZaöRV /Heidelberg Journal of International Law 551 (2003).
The Method behind Bluntschli's 'Modern'​ International Law, 4 Journal of the History of International Law 249 (2002).​
"Judge Shigeru Oda and the Making of International Law," in LIBER AMICORUM FOR JUDGE SHIGERU ODA, (N. Ando, R. Wolfrum, E. McWhinney eds. 2002), Kluwer Law International, 213.​
"Environmental Liability Legislation in the United States", in ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION BY MEANS OF INTERNATIONAL LIABILITY LAW, BERICHTE DES BUNDESUMWELTAMTES (REPORTS OF THE GERMAN FEDERAL ENVIRONMENT AGENCY), vol. 6/99, Erich Schmidt Verlag Berlin (C. Langenfeld, R. Wolfrum eds. 1999), 261.​
​(with Volker Röben) To Abduct or To Extradite: Does a Treaty Beg the Question? The Alvarez-Machain Decision in U.S. Domestic Law and International Law​, 53 Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht/Heidelberg Journal of International Law 657 (1993), cited by the German Constitutional Court (3. Kammer des 2. Senats), Ent. v. 19.10.1994 - 2BvR 435/87.
​Protection, Not Protectionism: Multilateral Environmental Agreements and the GATT, 26 Vanderbilt J. Transnat'l L. 437 (1993).
Legal Protections for the Environment in Times of Armed Conflict, 33 Va. J. Int'l L. 352 (1993)​.
​Minding the Earth: Global Standards and Domestic Law, 49 Bench and Bar. Minn., May-June 14 (1992).
​Eliciting Non-Party Compliance with Multilateral Environmental Treaties: U.S. Legislation and the Jurisdictional Bases for Compliance Incentives in the Montreal Ozone Protocol, 35 Germ. Y.B. Int'l L. 333 (1992)​.
​Constructing Justice: Theories of the Subject in Law and Literature, 75 Minn. L. Rev. 581 (1991).​

Other

​Guest Editor, with Timo Koivurova, Climate and Carbon Law Review, Thematic Focus: Climate Change, Arctic Change: Law and Policy, Editorial, in Carbon and Climate Law Review 1/2012: 1-2​.​
Cooperation, not Conflict: “Will the economic and geopolitical benefits of the Arctic meltdown outweigh its harmful effects on the Arctic's ecosystem and indigenous cultures and on world climate and ocean circulation?” Enduring Questions Essays Series, ABC-CLIO Publications, Fall 2010.​
​EPIL: "The Hague Peace Conferences" and "Regional Seas," two entries in R. Bernhardt, R. Wolfrum / Max-Planck-Institute for Comparative and Public International Law (eds), ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW (Elsevier Science Ltd), 2010​.​
Review of Syma Ebbin, SEA CHANGE: THE EEZ AND GOVERNANCE INSTITUTIONS FOR LIVING MARINE RESOURCES, in: 15 Ocean and Coastal Law Journal (2010) 161-166.​
​Review of Yoshifumi Tanaka, A DUAL APPROACH TO OCEAN GOVERNANCE: THE CASES OF ZONAL AND INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT IN INTERNATIONAL LAW OF THE SEA, in: 14 Ocean and Coastal Law Journal (2008) 147-154​.​
​"Transboundary Environmental Cooperation. Prior Information/ Consultation/Environmental Impact Assessment," in: G. Händl (ed. 1996)/J. Brunnée & E. Hey (eds. 1997-2002), Yearbook of International Environmental Law​, volumes 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, Oxford 1996-2002​.
​United Nations Volunteers, note for UNITED NATIONS HANDBOOK (R. Wolfrum ed. 1995) NAFTA and Freshwater, U.S. Water News, October 1994​.​
​Book review, Frederic L. Kirgis, Jr., INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN THEIR LEGAL SETTING, 2d ed. (1993), in 1 Soc. Int'l L. Interest Group on Int'l Organizations (1994).​
​Book review, THE EFFECTIVENESS OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENTS (P. Sand ed. 1992), 87 Am.J.Int'l L. 198 (1994)​.​

Books

Assistant General Editor, LIBER AMICORUM FOR JUDGE SHIGERU ODA, (N. Ando, R. Wolfrum, E. McWhinney, eds. 2002), Kluwer Law International, 2 volumes​.​
​Assistant Editor, volumes 34 (1992) and 35 (1993), German Yearbook of International Law​.​

Presentations

​Invited speaker, ​"Improving Stewardship as the Arctic Ocean Changes: Ecosystem-based Management as a Tool," Arctic Marine Governance, University of California-Irvine School of Law, April 22, 2016.

​Invited speaker, “Two views of Arctic Resource Development: The Law of the Sea and Indigenous Rights on the Continental Shelf”, Tribal Sovereignty and Economic Development in Alaska, Anchorage, Alaska, March 4, 2016.

​Presentation, "Arctic Council Update," Arctic Law Section of the Alaska Bar Association, Anchorage, Alaska, January 11, 2016.

​Panelist, "U.S.-Canada Shared Interests and Opportunities in the North American Arctic,” Arctic Domain Awareness Center, University of Alaska-Anchorage, December 15, 2015.

"Options for an Arctic Regional Seas Arrangement," Symposium on Arctic Governance, University of California, Irvine School of Law, January 30-31, 2015.

Panelist, "Do We Need an Arctic Ocean Science Coordinating Agreement?" at Alaska Marine Science Symposium, Anchorage, Alaska, January 19, 2015.

​Moderator, "Maritime Border Threats? Canadian, Mexican andU.S. Maritime Cooperation on Drugs, Terror and the Environment​" Association of American Law Schools 2015 Annual Meeting, January 3, 2015, Washington, DC.

​"The International Legal Framework for Oil Pollution and Accident Prevention, Preparedness and Response in the Bering Strait," for WWF Workshop on Oil Spill Prevention and Response: Working across U.S.-Russian Boundaries for Arctic Stewardship, November 12, 2014, Anchorage, Alaska

​"Planning Ahead: How Alaska can Drive Integrated Arctic Management, Curtail Federal Overreach and Safeguard the Country’s Longest Coastline," at Alaska Law Review Symposium, Duke School/University of Alaska-Anchorage, October 16, 2014, Anchorage, Alaska

​"A Regional Seas Agreement for the Arctic Ocean?" Presentation to the K.G. Jebsen Centre for the Law of the Sea, University of Tromsø, September 2, 2014, Tromsø, Norway.

Who does own the North Pole? Science, Diplomacy and Politics under the Law of the Sea Convention and International Law, Arctic Encounter Symposium, Seattle University School of Law, February 8, 2014, Seattle, WA​.

What is it about the North Pole? States, Science, and the Continental Shelf, Joint section meeting of Admiralty and Maritime Law and North American Cooperation, Association of American Law Schools Annual Meeting, January 5, 2014, New York, NY​.
The LOS Convention: Extending U.S. Continental Shelf Rights in the Arctic and The Arctic Council: Recent Developments, U.S. Alaska Command (ALCOM) Joint Task Force-Alaska and Canadian joint Operations Command (JCOM), December 11, 2013, Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson (U.S. Air Force-Army-Navy-Marine Corps), Anchorage, AK.
Mapping the U.S. Extended Continental Shelf in the Arctic, University of Alaska-Fairbanks, Margaret Murie Auditorium, Public Lecture, October 24, 2013, Fairbanks, AK​.
HSE Regulations in Canada, Greenland, Norway, Russia and the United States, (by Skype, with Roman Sidortsov on site), for Statoil-Det Norske Veritas (DNV) in-house workshop Arctic Competence Escalator, Safe Arctic Operations, September 17, 2013, Oslo, Norway.
The Law of the Sea and Extending U.S. Resource Rights in the Arctic and Other Oceans, Juneau Bar Association, July 26, 2013, Juneau, AK.
The North American Marine Environment: Assessing Assessment Platforms, NAFTA and Sustainable Development Workshop, McGill Faculty of Law-Vermont Law School, June 13, 2013, Montreal, Quebec (by webinar).
The legal framework for sea ice restoration, at "White Arctic, Blue Arctic: Exploring Sea Ice Restoration," April 24-25, 2013, Columbia University Earth Institute, New York, NY (an invitation only workshop, for scientists specializing in sea ice, carbon storage and removal, and policy makers).
Arctic Law: The Challenges of Governance in the Changing Arctic, American Society of International Law Annual Meeting, April 5, 2013, Washington, D.C.
Gulf of Mexico-Western Gap, U.S. Pilot Submission Review Workshop, U.S. Extended Continental Shelf Task Force, April 2-4, 2013, NOAA/Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.​
Gulf of Mexico-Western Gap, U.S. Pilot Submission Review Workshop, U.S. Extended Continental Shelf Task Force, April 2-4, 2013, NOAA/Department of Commerce, Washington, DC​.
Gulf of Mexico-Western Gap, Mock Regional Analysis Workshop, U.S. Extended Continental Shelf Task Force, January 29-February 1, 2013, National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, Boulder, CO.
The Arctic and the Law of the Sea, panelist for: Thirty Years of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, AALS Section on Admiralty and Maritime Law, AALS Annual Meeting, January 4, 2013, New Orleans, LA (in absentia).
Governing Resource Development in the Marine Arctic, NOAA Brown Bag Luncheon Speaker Series, December 13, 2012, Silver Spring, MD.
​Governing Resource Development in the Marine Arctic, Ninth Annual Maritime Law Symposium, Roger Williams University School of Law, November 14, 2012, Bristol, RI​.
Arctic Ocean Review Phase II Report, Co-lead author role at Authors Workshop, PAME, September 17-18, 2012 Halifax, Nova Scotia​.
Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas, Opportunities and Options to Strengthen Relevant Agreements, Ecologic Arctic Summer College, Session: Energy and Resources, co-panelist Robert J. Blaauw, Senior Advisor Global Arctic Theme, Shell International Exploration and Production B.V., web based seminar, August 13, 2012​.
Marine Biodiversity, Ecosystem Services and Better Use of Science Information, at the Symposium “Securing the Ocean for the Next Generation,” sponsored by the Law of the Sea Institute, School of Law, University of California, Berkeley and the Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute (KORDI), May 23, 2012, Seoul, Korea.
International and Comparative approaches to regulating offshore hydrocarbon activity, to Department of the Interior: James Watson, Director, Bureau of Safety, Environment and Enforcement (BSEE) and Staff; and Walter Cruickshank, Deputy Director, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) and Staff, (with R. Sidortsov), March 6, 2012, Washington, D.C.​
International and Comparative approaches to regulating offshore hydrocarbon activity, to Department of the Interior: James Watson, Director, Bureau of Safety, Environment and Enforcement (BSEE) and Staff; and Walter Cruickshank, Deputy Director, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) and Staff, (with R. Sidortsov), March 6, 2012, Washington, DC​.
Regulating Offshore Oil and Gas Activity in the Arctic Ocean post-Deepwater Horizon, Association of American Law Schools, 2012 Annual Meeting, Joint Session with "North American Cooperation" and "International Law" sections, Panel on Arctic Issues, topic: Mapping of the Extended Continental Shelf under the Law of the Sea Convention, January 5, 2012, Washington, D.C.
Offshore Oil and Gas: Opportunities and options to strengthen relevant Agreements, Arctic Council, Protection of the Marine Environment (PAME)/Arctic Ocean Review Phase II Expert Workshop, September 20, 2011, Reykjavik, Iceland.
Regulating Offshore Oil and Gas Activity Around the Arctic, University of Alaska - Anchorage, Institute of Economic and Social Research, August 17, 2011, Anchorage, AK​.
Regulating Offshore Hydrocarbon Activity in Canada and the U.S.: Room for Convergence?, for Institute of the North's Week of the Arctic, August 16, 2011, Anchorage, AK​.
The Legal Status of Sea Ice: An Update in the face of (climate) change, VIIth Annual Congress of Arctic Social Scientists, IASSA, June 24, 2011, Akureyri, Iceland​.
Alaska, Offshore Energy and Marine and Coastal Area Management, at Vermont Law School Conference, Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning: The Intersection between Energy, CMSP, and Our Future Needs, April 1, 2011, South Royalton, VT​.
Common Precepts of Marine Scientific Research in the Arctic, invitation only presentation to the International Conference on Arctic Marine Science, International Law and Climate Protection, March 17-18, 2011, Federal Foreign Office, Berlin, Germany​.
Improving Coordination with the International Community, panelist and moderator for the workshop: Strengthening Institutions: Strategies for Cooperative, Ecosystem-based Management in the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas, co-sponsored by the University of Alaska, Anchorage and Fairbanks campuses, March 4-6, 2011, Anchorage, AK.
Implementing the PAME Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas Guidelines in Canada, Greenland, Russia and the United States, invitation only presentation to the Inuit Leaders Summit on Resource Development, hosted by the Inuit Circumpolar Council, February 23, 2011, Ottawa, Ontario​.
Implementing the PAME Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas Guidelines in Canada, Greenland, Russia and the United States, invitation only presentation to the Inuit Leaders Summit on Resource Development, hosted by the Inuit Circumpolar Council, February 23, 2011, Ottawa, Ontario​.
Lessons from the U.S. and the Arctic Council: Drilling in the Arctic after the BP Deepwater Horizon Blowout Spill, Canadian Council on International Law, October 30, 2010, Ottawa, Ontario​.
U.S.-Canadian cooperation in the North American Arctic: Oil, Gas and Environment, Woodrow Wilson Center - Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Governing the North policy briefings, September 21-22, 2010, Washington, D.C. and Ottawa, Ontario​.
Implementation of the Arctic Offshore Guidelines in Canada and the United States, for Arctic Council, bi-annual meeting of diplomatic delegations to the Protection of the Marine Environment (PAME) Working Group, Panel: Follow-up on the 2009 Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas Guidelines, September 14, 2010, Consortium for Ocean Leadership, Washington, D.C.​
Relevant Science Agreements - Existing and Emerging Issues, for Arctic Council, Protection of the Marine Environment (PAME)/Arctic Ocean Review Phase I Expert Workshop, Panel: Status of the Arctic Marine Environment and Emerging Trends, September 13, 2010, Washington, D.C. (Host: U.S. Government)​.
Rethinking the Importance of National Law for Natural Resource Development in the North American Arctic: Some Examples from the U.S. and Canada, Canada's and Europe's Northern Dimensions, May 27, 2010, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Arctic Governance Project Summit, Rapporteur and participant, January 29-31, 2010, Tromsø, Norway.

Comparing Canadian Inuvialuit and Alaskan Inupiat participation in managing marine resources, paper presented at Arctic Frontiers, January 28, 2010, Tromsø, Norway​.

​Report to the U.S. Arctic Research Commission about a September 21, 2009, workshop at University of Alaska Fairbanks, International scientific collaboration and legal regimes in a changing Arctic Ocean, and on plans for a white paper on Arctic Ocean access for scientific research with workshop collaborators, November 11, 2009, Cambridge, MA​.

​Member of Science Crew on the icebreaker USCGC HEALY, August 16-September 7, 2009 (HEALY 09-05) deployment, mapping the U.S. Extended Continental Shelf, Arctic Ocean​.

​Canadian Senate Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans, on Northern Challenges facing Canada and the United States, June 16, 2009, Senate of Canada, Ottawa, Canada.​
State Sovereignty and the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf, Invited Speaker, 3rd Symposium on the Impacts of an Ice-Diminishing Arctic on Naval and Maritime Operations, June 9-11, 2009, U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD​.​
State Sovereignty and the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf, Invited Speaker, 3rd Symposium on the Impacts of an Ice-Diminishing Arctic on Naval and Maritime Operations, June 9-11, 2009, U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD.
Canadian-U.S. Cooperation in the Beaufort Sea and Arctic Continental Shelf Mapping, Presentations to Canadian diplomatic and press corps with Michael Byers and Ron Macnab, and to the Nunavut Government, February 17-19, 2009, Ottawa, Ontario and Iqaluit, Nunavut​.
Member of Science Crew on the icebreaker USCGC HEALY, August 14-September 5, 2008 (HEALY 08-05) and August-September 2009 (HLY 08-09), mapping the U.S. Extended Continental Shelf, Arctic Ocean​.

​Invited panelist, Japan-U.S. Arctic Strategy Workshop, International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, March 5-6, 2015.

Awards & Accomplishments

Awards, Honors or Grants

Dartmouth College, Institute of Arctic Studies
Visiting Fellow 2009-2010, John Sloan Dickey Center for Int’l Understanding, Hanover, NH​​
Henry H. Huntington Library
Chandis Security Fellow, March - May 1998, Dissertation research at the Huntington library in San Marino, CA​. ​

Affiliations

  • University of Tromsø Faculty of Law, Norway, K.G. Jebsen Centre for Law of the Sea, Signe Veierud Busch, Third State Involvement in the Context of Establishing the Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf, Defense September 2014.

  • University of Lapland, Rovaniemi Finland, M. Waliul Hasanat, Soft-Law Cooperation in International Law: the Arctic Council's efforts to Address Climate Change, September 2012

  • Harvard Law School, Kala Mulqueeny, Accountability in International Financial Institutions, awarded the Laylin Prize for best student paper in public international law, May 2008.

American Society of International Law/Academic Council on the UN, Workshop on International Organization Studies, July 12-24, 1992, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH​

  • American Friends of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation
  • American Geophysical Union
  • American Society of Comparative Law
  • American Society of International Law
  • Association of American Law Schools:
    - Vice-Chair, Section on North American Cooperation
    - Executive Committee, Section on Admiralty and Maritime Law
  • Bar Admissions: Minnesota 1982 (currently inactive status); U.S. District Court (Minn.) 1983
  • Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland, Scientific Advisory Board, appointed for 2014-2016
  • University of Alaska, Department of Geography, Affiliated Professor of Arctic Law and Policy 2009-2012
  • University of the Arctic, Arctic Law Thematic Network, Chair - Oil and Gas Working Group
  • University of Vermont, James M. Jeffords Center, Institute for Environmental Diplomacy and Security, External Advisory Board, since 2011