Judyhttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/People/DispForm.aspx?ID=27JudyMartha JudyProfessor of Law<img alt="" src="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/people/Judy_Martha.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />JD, Yale University, 1989BSF, Purdue University, 1981802-831-1345Professor Judy contributed to the brief submitted to the U.S. Supreme Court in support of the respondent in United States v. Atlantic Research Corp., on behalf of amicus curiae Natural Resources Defense Council and a group of law professors, among whom she was also named. Her research focuses on how this landmark decision on CERCLA liability and cost recovery may encourage voluntary cleanup of brownfields and other sites. She wrote a chapter on cost recovery for the forthcoming third edition of Todd S. Davis' "Brownfields: A Comprehensive Guide to Redeveloping Contaminated Property" (published by the American Bar Association).</div><div> </div><div>Other Superfund work by Professor Judy includes heading Vermont Law School's Superfund project and directing research for the National Commission on Superfund, a group of environmentalists, corporate CEOs, citizens, and government leaders seeking consensus on ways to improve the cleanup of Superfund sites. She also facilitated discussions for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as it sought feedback from citizens, environmentalists, local governments, and industry on how to improve Superfund.</div><div> </div><div>Professor Judy earned her BSF degree in wildlife management and forestry from Purdue University in 1981 and her JD from Yale Law School in 1989. Upon graduation, she worked as policy analyst in the Office of Policy Research and Coordination for Vermont Gov. Madeleine Kunin. Professor Judy joined the faculty at Vermont Law School in 1994 and was the first director of the law school's Environmental Semester in Washington, D.C., program. She has testified on hazardous materials, solid waste, recycling, and planning legislation before the Vermont Legislature and has testified before the Michigan Legislature on forestry and wildlife issues. She serves as a member of the Brookfield (Vermont) Planning Commission.</div>Professor Martha Judy specializes in the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (commonly known as Superfund), the cleanup of hazardous substances, and the effect of environmental liabilities on behavior. At Vermont Law School, she has taught Torts, two courses that focus on the law of toxics and hazardous substances (CERCLA and RCRA, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act), Natural Resources Law, and a unit on environmental problem-solving within the General Practice Program. She speaks and writes on topics related to CERCLA and Brownfields liability, cost recovery, contribution, and natural resources damages.GP0|#17808b30-1504-4ec0-a667-119e723c08ee;L0|#017808b30-1504-4ec0-a667-119e723c08ee|Alternative Dispute Resolution;GTSet|#d472df4a-bfc1-44e1-aba0-d9d3ce47ddf9;GP0|#a4ca023f-036a-462a-b3a1-7af6b1369315;L0|#0a4ca023f-036a-462a-b3a1-7af6b1369315|Hazardous Waste and Toxic Substances;GP0|#1643d936-bca6-4edb-90a9-eb0c2ab221bc;L0|#01643d936-bca6-4edb-90a9-eb0c2ab221bc|Legal Education;GP0|#1be5f4c6-943d-47bc-9369-bcb4b02c7c18;L0|#01be5f4c6-943d-47bc-9369-bcb4b02c7c18|Superfund;GP0|#ff71c569-196b-43a1-998a-eb29ca48510c;L0|#0ff71c569-196b-43a1-998a-eb29ca48510c|Torts and Product Liability;GP0|#9c03fe58-75a1-445d-8c68-c530a7079d66;L0|#09c03fe58-75a1-445d-8c68-c530a7079d66|Wildlife;GP0|#25eff53d-8c11-4cac-88d7-8c0b3b4a704b;L0|#025eff53d-8c11-4cac-88d7-8c0b3b4a704b|Environmental Litigation and MediationGP0|#84094f35-8eaa-4481-b414-8bc4beec3f97;L0|#084094f35-8eaa-4481-b414-8bc4beec3f97|Faculty;GTSet|#f56df0fa-9bdb-4e22-abac-ddf5f696a71d;GPP|#d56ffc52-3a80-49e2-95fd-f49b2d4639a1CERCLA Liability and Cleanup

Biography

Biography

Publications

Publications

Books

    Chapters

      Articles

        Commentary

            Other

               

               

              Cost Recovery under CERCLA: The Impact of Aviall and Atlantic Research on Voluntary CleanupsCost Recovery under CERCLA: The Impact of Aviall and Atlantic Research on Voluntary Cleanups<div class="ExternalClass0F43AFFFCCFD479C8377733112FEA909"> ​Martha L. Judy & O. Thomas Armstrong, Jr., Chapter 3: <em>Cost Recovery under CERCLA: The Impact of Aviall and Atlantic Research on Voluntary Cleanups</em> in the third edition of BROWNFIELDS: A COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE TO REDEVELOPING CONTAMINATED PROPERTY, edited by Todd S. Davis. 2010. </div>798Publication
              Negotiation: The Key to Surviving SuperfundNegotiation: The Key to Surviving Superfund<div class="ExternalClass694162714A7B41BCB769BE0F9DED3767"> ​"Negotiation: The Key to Surviving Superfund," in <em>Managing Superfund's Impact: A First-Aid Kit</em> (1993).​ </div>799Publication
              Coming Full CERCLA: Why Burlington Northern is Not the Sword of Damocles for Joint and Several LiabilityComing Full CERCLA: Why Burlington Northern is Not the Sword of Damocles for Joint and Several Liability<div class="ExternalClass79E976F8D4F84F139C1B41DED122EBCA"> <em>Coming Full CERCLA: Why Burlington Northern is Not the Sword of Damocles for Joint and Several Liability</em>, 44 NEW ENGLAND LAW REVIEW 249 (2010).​ </div>http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1616821800Publication
              Superfund at 30Superfund at 30<div class="ExternalClassE964AA158DB84C81807CDD83B011F22B"> ​Martha L. Judy & Katherine N. Probst, <em>Superfund at 30</em>, 11 VT. J. ENVTL. L. 191, 199 (2009). </div>http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1616817801Publication
              U.S. v. Atlantic Research: The Supreme Court Re-Opens the Road to CERCLA Cost RecoveryU.S. v. Atlantic Research: The Supreme Court Re-Opens the Road to CERCLA Cost Recovery<div class="ExternalClassFDBF947FB41D434AAC1887285497C251"> ​Martha L. Judy & Thomas Armstrong, Jr., <em>U.S. v. Atlantic Research: The Supreme Court Re-Opens the Road to CERCLA Cost Recovery</em>, SUPERFUND AND NAT. RESOURCE LIT. COMMITTEE DAMAGES NEWSL. (Am. Bar Ass'n, Chi., Ill.), July 2008. </div>http://www.abanet.org/environ/committees/superfundnatresdamages/newsletter/archiveslist.html802Publication
              Brief for Amici Curiae Natural Resources Defense Council and Several Environmental Law Professors in Support of Respondent before the U.S. Supreme Court for U.S. v. Atlantic Research CorporationBrief for Amici Curiae Natural Resources Defense Council and Several Environmental Law Professors in Support of Respondent before the U.S. Supreme Court for U.S. v. Atlantic Research Corporation<div class="ExternalClassA0D596FF1F624B5981416343FCA916B6"> Collaborated with environmental law professors from Lewis and Clark, Boston College, University of Michigan, and Pace Law Schools to write a Brief for Amici Curiae Natural Resources Defense Council and Several Environmental Law Professors in Support of Respondent before the U.S. Supreme Court for <em>U.S. v. Atlantic Research Corporation</em> ​(April 2007).​ </div>803Publication
              Cooper v. Aviall: A Monkey Wrench in the Cost-Recovery Toolbox or a Second Chance for Section 107(a)(4)(B)?Cooper v. Aviall: A Monkey Wrench in the Cost-Recovery Toolbox or a Second Chance for Section 107(a)(4)(B)?<div class="ExternalClass48A9A3048D164D3186FB80BE2D60C8B0"> <em>​Cooper v. Aviall: A Monkey Wrench in the Cost-Recovery Toolbox or a Second Chance for Section 107(a)(4)(B)?</em>, 26 Andrews Envtl. Litig. Rep. (July 14, 2006). </div>804Publication
              Preserving Justice: Defending Toxic Tort LitigationPreserving Justice: Defending Toxic Tort Litigation<div class="ExternalClassA373E21F9B8747C1B6729DB1E39F5B5B"> ​With Anthony Z. Roisman and Daniel Stein, <em>Preserving Justice: Defending Toxic Tort Litigation</em>, XV Fordham Envtl L. Rev. 191 (2004). </div>805Publication
              Amici Curiae Brief submitted to U.S. Supreme Court in the case of U.S. v. Atlantic Research CorporationAmici Curiae Brief submitted to U.S. Supreme Court in the case of U.S. v. Atlantic Research Corporation<div class="ExternalClassA22FF080CAA8473E89E1752F57BCBC7D"> ​With William F. Funk, Craig N. Johnston, Nina A. Mendelson, Jeffrey G. Miller, Patrick A. Parenteau, Zygmunt J.B. Plater, and Natural Resources Defense Council, ​Amici Curiae Brief submitted to U.S. Supreme Court in the case of ​<em>U.S. v. Atlantic Research Corporation</em> (2007). </div>806Publication
              Cleaning Up the Old Springfield Landfill: A Case Study of the Superfund ProcessCleaning Up the Old Springfield Landfill: A Case Study of the Superfund Process<div class="ExternalClassAECDE0B0E5444A12B33E10381EAB84EF"> ​With David Bridgers, <em>Cleaning Up the Old Springfield Landfill: A Case Study of the Superfund Process</em> (1994). A report for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Unpublished manuscript on file with Environmental Law Center, Vermont Law School​.​ </div>807Publication
              Final Consensus Report Of The National Commission On SuperfundFinal Consensus Report Of The National Commission On Superfund<div class="ExternalClass3EE9E550D4B240268CE761CC6BA63D27"> Editor, <em>Final Consensus Report Of The National Commission On Superfund</em> (1994). A report for the National Commission on Superfund by the Environmental Law Center (Vermont Law School) and the Keystone Center, Keystone, CO. unpublished manuscript, on file with Environmental Law Center, Vermont Law School.​ </div>808Publication

              Presentations

              Presentations

               

               

              Superfund at 30Superfund at 30<div class="ExternalClass1B4441A630124063A5FECE9AD26555E3"> <em>Superfund at 30</em> Fordham Environmental Law Review's Conference on "Environmental Lawsuits and Corporate Social Responsibility: The Role of Litigation in Promoting Good Environmental Practice", Fordham University, New York City, NY, March 5, 2010.​ </div>777Presentation
              Is the CERCLA Still Unbroken? Liability after the U.S. Supreme Court'sIs the CERCLA Still Unbroken? Liability after the U.S. Supreme Court's<div class="ExternalClassF2A7EF2AACE642E6B02B596FA665D8EE"> ​<em>Is the CERCLA Still Unbroken? Liability after the U.S. Supreme Court's Burlington Northern and Shell Oil Decision</em> Summer 2009 Hot Topics in Environmental Law Montpelier, VT, July 17, 2009.​ </div>778Presentation
              Brown to Green Redeveloping Brownfields in the Green Mountain StateBrown to Green Redeveloping Brownfields in the Green Mountain State<div class="ExternalClassC83ED7C4C4BC40809FAC943B48AEDE9B"> <em>Brown to Green Redeveloping Brownfields in the Green Mountain State</em>, moderator and panelist, Vermont Land Use Institute Brownfields 2008 Conference, ​South​ Royalton, VT, June 2008. </div>779Presentation
              Rebuilding America GreenRebuilding America Green<div class="ExternalClass9BA123AFDC0F4F6690FFFA995CBC1AB7"> "Rebuilding America Green," National Association of Environmental Law Societies Annual Conference, March 2008.​ </div>780Presentation
              From Traffic Directing to Plain Meaning: U.S. v. Atlantic Research—Answers for the Supreme Court to Restore Voluntary CleanupFrom Traffic Directing to Plain Meaning: U.S. v. Atlantic Research—Answers for the Supreme Court to Restore Voluntary Cleanup<div class="ExternalClass7B31501B6B764885904BE580CE5A00E4"> "From Traffic Directing to Plain Meaning: U.S. v. Atlantic Research — ​Answers for the Supreme Court to Restore Voluntary Cleanup," Hot Topics in Environmental Law speaker series, Vermont Law School, July 2007. </div>781Presentation
              The Historic Hudson River: Cleanup Controversy at a Superfund Mega SiteThe Historic Hudson River: Cleanup Controversy at a Superfund Mega Site<div class="ExternalClassAAEFD120F9C44CA0B6C9E48005F30FF4"> ​"The Historic Hudson River: Cleanup Controversy at a Superfund Mega Site," Society of Environmental Journalists, October 2006.​ </div>782Presentation
              Life after Cooper Industries v. Aviall Services: Restoring Voluntary Cleanup to Superfund (or NOT)Life after Cooper Industries v. Aviall Services: Restoring Voluntary Cleanup to Superfund (or NOT)<div class="ExternalClass700E1200F1584F29A5283CDE5E7672BF"> "Life after Cooper Industries v. Aviall Services: Restoring Voluntary Cleanup to Superfund (or NOT)" Hot Topics in Environmental Law speaker series, Vermont Law School, June 2006.​ </div>783Presentation
              Land Use by DesignLand Use by Design<div class="ExternalClassC4990329422E4882A5FD236E5B6DF2EB"> ​Facilitator, "Land Use by Design," February 24, 2006.​ </div>784Presentation
              Repairing CERCLA (and Voluntary Cleanup) after the Supreme Court's Decision in Cooper Industries v. Aviall ServicesRepairing CERCLA (and Voluntary Cleanup) after the Supreme Court's Decision in Cooper Industries v. Aviall Services<div class="ExternalClass5A39A4F74E98443ABD486F97F94D74F9"> ​"Repairing CERCLA (and Voluntary Cleanup) after the Supreme Court's Decision in <em>Cooper Industries v. Aviall Services</em>," Faculty Affairs, Vermont Law School, April 2005.​ </div>785Presentation
              Cooper Industries v. Aviall Services: Will the Supreme Court End Voluntary Cleanup under Superfund?Cooper Industries v. Aviall Services: Will the Supreme Court End Voluntary Cleanup under Superfund?<div class="ExternalClass87C7B968C11D4D4DA151E76B3D6BF462"> "<em>Cooper Industries v. Aviall Services</em>: Will the Supreme Court End Voluntary Cleanup under Superfund?" Hot Topics in Environmental Law Speaker Series, Vermont Law School, June 2004.​ </div>786Presentation
              Toxins in the EnvironmentToxins in the Environment<div class="ExternalClassABC8D95FA57F4DCDA7AE1743578B1D68"> "Toxins in the Environment," Dartmouth Community Medical School, April 2000.​ </div>787Presentation
              Environmental Clinical Faculty MeetingEnvironmental Clinical Faculty Meeting<div class="ExternalClass534C64806D874EF195D3AA874A3948E3"><p>​Environmental Clinical Faculty Meeting, Tulane University School of Law, January 1999.</p></div>788Presentation
              AALS Environmental Law Section panel on Experiential Alternatives to Live Client Environmental ClinicsAALS Environmental Law Section panel on Experiential Alternatives to Live Client Environmental Clinics<div class="ExternalClassA69B1EC4CDD34582A6EDB6E8258A3CDD"> AALS Environmental Law Section panel on Experiential Alternatives to Live Client Environmental Clinics, New Orleans, LA, January 1999.​​ </div>789Presentation
              CERCLA Operator Liability after CPC InternationalCERCLA Operator Liability after CPC International<div class="ExternalClass6B7155B9AEC5407892640BC71A4A2AFC"> <em>CERCLA Operator Liability after CPC International</em>, Vermont Bar Association, The Supreme Court in Review, South Royalton, VT 05068, April 1998.​​</div>790Presentation
              Retroactive Liability After the Olin DecisionRetroactive Liability After the Olin Decision<div class="ExternalClass9D4AC10236244A1AAE6E40D1B209F0AF"> ​"Retroactive Liability After the Olin Decision," panelist, Environmental Law Institute, Washington, DC, 1996.​ </div>791Presentation
              Facilitated numerous dialogues on Superfund with citizens, environmentalists, local governments, and industry for U.S. Environmental Protection AgencyFacilitated numerous dialogues on Superfund with citizens, environmentalists, local governments, and industry for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency<div class="ExternalClassFCCCEE4FBFE24616933771606B4A3459"> ​Facilitated numerous dialogues on Superfund with citizens, environmentalists, local governments, and industry for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1991-94.​ </div>792Presentation
              Environmental law seminar for federal judgesEnvironmental law seminar for federal judges<div class="ExternalClassCA0E44DD45894EF4A6647CD45AF1D88D"> Environmental law seminar for federal judges, Woodstock, VT, 1994.​ </div>793Presentation
              Negotiation and Environmental Dispute Resolution for CitizensNegotiation and Environmental Dispute Resolution for Citizens<div class="ExternalClass07F0EC568F344CF0BA38204AFF790CA7"> "Negotiation and Environmental Dispute Resolution for Citizens," San Francisco, Dallas, and Boston, 1994.​ </div>794Presentation
              EPA/ICMA Superfund Revitalization conferencesEPA/ICMA Superfund Revitalization conferences<div class="ExternalClass6A3974C71BF64D6DAD962414AB035B26"><p>​EPA/ICMA Superfund Revitalization confer​​ences, San Francisco and Atlanta, 1993, and Chicago, 1992.</p></div>795Presentation
              Federal judges seminarFederal judges seminar<div class="ExternalClassB29BD49A1EBD40FE853854DC33DB56C3"><p>​Federal judges seminar, Vermont Law School, 1993.</p></div>796Presentation
              Superfund Seminar: Strategic Advice for Local Government OfficialsSuperfund Seminar: Strategic Advice for Local Government Officials<div class="ExternalClass788762527CC54A0588A96131AAF7BC59"> ​"Superfund Seminar: Strategic Advice for Local Government Officials," Boston and San Francisco, 1992.​ </div>797Presentation

              Awards & Accomplishments

              Awards & Accomplishments

               

               

               

               

               

               

              Teaching at VLSTeaching at VLS<div class="ExternalClass9B4441B29F524D2F80404B30D0FCDA0F"><p>​Professor at Vermont Law School since 1994.</p></div>809Affiliation
              Cofounder and Research Director, National Commission on SuperfundCofounder and Research Director, National Commission on Superfund<div class="ExternalClass16D634F129FE4023A0DF29A2A41B4F6B"> ​Cofounder and Research Director, National Commission on Superfund, 1991–94.​ </div>814Affiliation
              Admitted to PracticeAdmitted to Practice<div class="ExternalClass9569EC7B719B4EFD9A90415DDBD8C7A2"><p>​Admitted to Practice, Vermont Bar, 1989.</p></div>815Affiliation
              ​Research Director, National Commission on Superfund​Research Director, National Commission on Superfund<div class="ExternalClass5C65A41CE0884DD9B2B4170B943FE8D1"><p>​Research Director, National Commission on Superfund, 1991-1994.</p></div>820Affiliation
              Director, Superfund ProjectDirector, Superfund Project<div class="ExternalClassF9AF2BB20A324FB08E60A1640E5894F0"><p>​Director, Superfund Project, Vermont Law School's Environmental Law Center, 1991-1994.</p></div>821Affiliation
              Policy Analyst, Office of Policy ResearchPolicy Analyst, Office of Policy Research<div class="ExternalClass0D3E6A46E9C844BC8038D9122A7A82AC"><p>​Policy Analyst, Office of Policy Research, Montpelier, Vt., 1989-1991.</p></div>822Affiliation
              Chair, State Agency Planning Working GroupChair, State Agency Planning Working Group<div class="ExternalClass9FD6DE59109F427BB2AB74FFCA951907"><p>​Chair, State Agency Planning Working Group.</p></div>823Affiliation