Brookshttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/People/DispForm.aspx?ID=79BrooksRichard BrooksFounding DirectorProfessor Emeritus of Law<img alt="" src="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/people/Brooks_Richard.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />PhD, Brandeis University, 1974LLB, Yale University, 1962MA, University of Chicago, 1958BA, University of Chicago, 1956802-831-1216<p>Professor Richard Brooks, founding director of Vermont Law School's Environmental Law Center, is an internationally recognized scholar of environmental law and policy. The courses he has taught at Vermont Law School include Air Pollution Law, Coastal Management Law, Comparative Law, Environmental Law, Environmental Ethics, Land Use Law, Population Law, Professional Responsibility, and Torts. He also served as the coordinator of Vermont Law School's Foreign, International and Comparative Law Program.</p> <p>Professor Brooks earned his BA degree in 1956 and his MA degree in social and political philosophy in 1958, both from the University of Chicago. He received his LLB degree from Yale Law School in 1962 and his PhD degree in planning from Brandeis University in 1974. His legal career began as an associate with Parker, Badger & Fisher in Greenwich, Connecticut, and as director of program analysis and legal counsel with Community Progress, Inc., in New Haven. He served for three years as executive director and legal counsel with Thames Valley Council for Community Action, Inc., and for 10 years as an urban legal planning consultant. From 1971 to 1978, he maintained a private law practice, taught planning and law at the University of Rhode Island, and directed the Connecticut College Urban Studies Program. During that time, he argued a case for the Natural Resources Defense Council that upheld the Connecticut coastal management permitting program, and drafted legislation, revisions, and amendments for state and municipal coastal zone management.</p> <p>Professor Brooks founded Vermont Law School's Environmental Law Center in 1978 and remained its director until 1990. Throughout his career, he has served as a consultant for environmental groups, state of Vermont agencies, and for the U.S. Department of Energy. He has served since 1980 as a visiting professor in environmental studies at Dartmouth College and as a visiting professor of law at McGill and the University of Trento. In the past decade, as <em>emeritus</em>, Professor Brooks has turned to his first love - the classics - and explored their relations to modern law in several volumes.</p>GP0|#f20b7276-47f3-47ad-a1c2-896a011d7be8;L0|#0f20b7276-47f3-47ad-a1c2-896a011d7be8|Environmental Law;GTSet|#d472df4a-bfc1-44e1-aba0-d9d3ce47ddf9;GP0|#734408e9-816d-46d8-9fd5-749a0d6a6533;L0|#0734408e9-816d-46d8-9fd5-749a0d6a6533|Land Use Planning and RegulationGP0|#84094f35-8eaa-4481-b414-8bc4beec3f97;L0|#084094f35-8eaa-4481-b414-8bc4beec3f97|Faculty;GTSet|#f56df0fa-9bdb-4e22-abac-ddf5f696a71d;GPP|#d56ffc52-3a80-49e2-95fd-f49b2d4639a1<a href="http://www-assets.vermontlaw.edu/Assets/directories/FacultyDocuments/BrooksRichard_CV.pdf" target="_blank"><img alt="" src="/_layouts/15/IMAGES/icpdf.png" />Curriculum Vitae</a>Juris Tutorial

Biography

Biography

Publications

Publications

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              The Neighborhood Social-Legal ProgramThe Neighborhood Social-Legal Program<div class="ExternalClass41EC5E99036D4007A1EF7EF002AE3785"><div><em>The Neighborhood Social-Legal Program</em>, 33 Social Service Rev. (1964).</div>​</div>3012Publication
              The Functions of the Constitution and the Establishment ClauseThe Functions of the Constitution and the Establishment Clause<div class="ExternalClass4DCA7F0CA3874773B2B558CCEE12E459"><div><em>The Functions of the Constitution and the Establishment Clause</em>, 13 Cath. Law. 325 (1967).</div>​</div>3011Publication
              An Urban Growth Policy for Rhode IslandAn Urban Growth Policy for Rhode Island<div class="ExternalClass41B21EBCDD1C475E9FA561BB95008992"><div><em>An Urban Growth Policy for Rhode Island</em>, Rhode Island Business Q. Sept. 1971.</div></div>3010Publication
              Social Planning in ColumbiaSocial Planning in Columbia<div class="ExternalClass0648EFC34CC7463BA017C600E626A753"><div><em>Social Planning in Columbia</em>, J. Am. Inst. Planners Nov. 1971.</div>​</div>3009Publication
              New Towns and Citizen Participation: A Policy AnalysisNew Towns and Citizen Participation: A Policy Analysis<div class="ExternalClass24130C9DEE894868A8516FD58D6EF944"><div><em>New Towns and Citizen Participation: A Policy Analysis</em>, J. Comm. Devel. Soc. (1971).</div>​</div>3008Publication
              Millstone Two and the Rainbow: Planning Law and Environmental ProtectionMillstone Two and the Rainbow: Planning Law and Environmental Protection<div class="ExternalClass1A2843945C5D4DDBA5688B62D0829771"><div><em>Millstone Two and the Rainbow: Planning Law and Environmental Protection</em>, 4 Conn. L. Rev. 54 (1971).</div>​</div>3007Publication
              The Policy Issues of New Towns: One Failure of Law to Guide Planning in AmericaThe Policy Issues of New Towns: One Failure of Law to Guide Planning in America<div class="ExternalClass5D59183F4DC74C0F95485F8267305B30"><div>​<em>The Policy Issues of New Towns: One Failure of Law to Guide Planning in America</em>, 8 Urban Law. 99 (1976).</div></div>3006Publication
              Protecting Rhode Island's Environment by Implementing the Comprehensive Plan of Development: A New Legal FrontierProtecting Rhode Island's Environment by Implementing the Comprehensive Plan of Development: A New Legal Frontier<div class="ExternalClass45C436C7CB904AB0A53A63B4116D7533"><div><em>Protecting Rhode Island's Environment by Implementing the Comprehensive Plan of Development: A New Legal Frontier</em>, 24 Rhode Island B.J. (1976).</div>​</div>3005Publication
              The Legal Structures and Policy Implications of New TownsThe Legal Structures and Policy Implications of New Towns<div class="ExternalClassD73EC4277949445CA31E6C35600907ED"><div><em>The Legal Structures and Policy Implications of New Towns</em>, 50 Conn. B.J. 42 (1976).</div>​</div>3004Publication
              Jurisprudence of Planning: Notes on the Outline of Law Required to Support and Control PlannersJurisprudence of Planning: Notes on the Outline of Law Required to Support and Control Planners<div class="ExternalClass17AF4EA08AD44AEDA1E028786EB32AC0"><div><em>Jurisprudence of Planning: Notes on the Outline of Law Required to Support and Control Planners</em>, 24 Cath. Law. 1 (1978).</div>​</div>3003Publication
              The Legalization of Planning within the Growth of the Administrative StateThe Legalization of Planning within the Growth of the Administrative State<div class="ExternalClassA09EAC31556F4D7CBAB3C734C8A64BFD"><div><em>The Legalization of Planning within the Growth of the Administrative State</em>, 31 Admin. L. Rev. 67 (1979).</div>​</div>3002Publication
              The Law of Plan Implementation in the United StatesThe Law of Plan Implementation in the United States<div class="ExternalClass68ECEB513B73459EBC9D962A9305D111"><div><em>The Law of Plan Implementation in the United States</em>, 16 Urban L. Ann. 225 (1979).</div>​</div>3001Publication
              The Evaluation of Compensable Regulations: A Return to Beuscher's Defense of InvalidationThe Evaluation of Compensable Regulations: A Return to Beuscher's Defense of Invalidation<div class="ExternalClass7ABC5A239C724A0FA6C4F885B12A52D8"><div><em>The Evaluation of Compensable Regulations: A Return to Beuscher's Defense of Invalidation</em>, 19 Urban L. Ann. 27 (1980).</div>​</div>3000Publication
              The Deregulatory Approach to Public PlanningThe Deregulatory Approach to Public Planning<div class="ExternalClassB700F8E08F1F4E22846C96B2525C7DEE"><div><em>The Deregulatory Approach to Public Planning</em>, Planning (1981).</div>​</div>2999Publication
              The Future of Ethical HumanismThe Future of Ethical Humanism<div class="ExternalClass762A73592E72402497041BD3CD702B1D"><div><em>The Future of Ethical Humanism</em>, 31 J. Legal Educ. 287 (1981).</div>​</div>2998Publication
              The Mini-Dialectics of the Law of Acid RainThe Mini-Dialectics of the Law of Acid Rain<div class="ExternalClass9D61FABC8AF44B1FB7782E0B542EA6F0"><div><em>The Mini-Dialectics of the Law of Acid Rain</em>, 18 Int'l J. Envtl. Stud. (1982).</div>​</div>2997Publication
              Grafting Fiscal Impact Analysis on Vermont's Act 250: The Lessons of the Pyramid Mall CaseGrafting Fiscal Impact Analysis on Vermont's Act 250: The Lessons of the Pyramid Mall Case<div class="ExternalClassDDE8EF75FFE14EF8A4C80B2C18525C56"><div><em>Grafting Fiscal Impact Analysis on Vermont's Act 250: The Lessons of the Pyramid Mall Case</em>, 12 Pol'y Stud. J. 511 (1984).</div>​</div>2996Publication
              Aesthetic Theory and Landscape Protection: The Many Meanings of Beauty and Their Implications for the Design, Control and Protection of Vermont's LandscapeAesthetic Theory and Landscape Protection: The Many Meanings of Beauty and Their Implications for the Design, Control and Protection of Vermont's Landscape<div class="ExternalClass8F6D4C30A79A41BFB15D8AC6E23746DB"><div><em>Aesthetic Theory & Landscape Protection: The Many Meanings of Beauty & Their Implications for the Design, Control & Protection of Vermont's Landscape</em>, 4 U.C.L.A. J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y 129 (1985).</div>​</div>2995Publication
              Coercion to Environmental Virtue: Can and Should Law Mandate Environmentally Sensitive Life Styles?Coercion to Environmental Virtue: Can and Should Law Mandate Environmentally Sensitive Life Styles?<div class="ExternalClass214C4CCB791C492886C8F3C9A810B2DB"><div><em>Coercion to Environmental Virtue: Can and Should Law Mandate Environmentally Sensitive Life Styles?</em>, 31 Am. J. Juris. (1987).</div>​</div>2994Publication
              Response in Rethinking Tort and Environmental Liability LawsResponse in Rethinking Tort and Environmental Liability Laws<div class="ExternalClass2D76C6A4C1754B5B8241FCE9D28424C6"><div><em>Response in Rethinking Tort & Environmental Liability Laws</em>, 24 Hous. L. Rev. 53 (1987).</div>​</div>2993Publication
              Undergraduate Legal Education as a Vehicle for Liberal EducationUndergraduate Legal Education as a Vehicle for Liberal Education<div class="ExternalClassAF9A3C784BF040D2B7F44A36E40A560F"><div><em>Undergraduate Legal Education as a Vehicle for Liberal Education</em>, J. Liberal Educ. (1987).</div>​</div>2992Publication
              An Introduction to the Vermont Law Review's Section on the Developments and Issues in Environmental LawAn Introduction to the Vermont Law Review's Section on the Developments and Issues in Environmental Law<div class="ExternalClass66D25E83E3804B2D8EBAE62551C501AA"><div><em>An Introduction to the Vermont Law Review's Section on the Developments and Issues in Environmental Law</em>, 13 Vt. L. Rev. 627 (1989).</div>​</div>2991Publication
              Intellectual Technology: The Dilemma of Environmental LawIntellectual Technology: The Dilemma of Environmental Law<div class="ExternalClass16564E2D3A1D4200B4250F08457F85CE"><div><em>Intellectual Technology: The Dilemma of Environmental Law</em>, 15 Rutgers Computer & Tech. L.J. 411 (1989).</div>​</div>2990Publication
              Les Mains Sales: The Ethical and Political ImplicationsLes Mains Sales: The Ethical and Political Implications<div class="ExternalClass22FBF43C009345B9B3291CA3F3D606A6"><div><em>Les Mains Sales: The Ethical and Political Implications of SLAPP Suits</em>, 7 Pace Envtl. L. Rev. 61 (1989).</div></div>2989Publication
              Ethical Legal Identity and Professional ResponsibilityEthical Legal Identity and Professional Responsibility<div class="ExternalClassBABEA3BDCD6D4DACA4B361387FB5212D"><div><em>Ethical Legal Identity and Professional Responsibility</em>, 4 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 317 (1990).</div>​</div>2988Publication
              Environmental Law Center; Curriculum Innovation and the Future of Environmental Law and its StudyEnvironmental Law Center; Curriculum Innovation and the Future of Environmental Law and its Study<div class="ExternalClass40EF0EC03B9C4E7E8251D537998664A9"><div><em>Environmental Law Center: Curriculum Innovation and the Future of Environmental Law and its Study</em>, Hazardous Materials (1991).</div>​</div>2987Publication
              A New Agenda for Modern Environmental LawA New Agenda for Modern Environmental Law<div class="ExternalClass85D6127A35E44417B9EF5D9B60D7150E"><div><em>A New Agenda for Modern Environmental Law</em>, 6J. Envtl. L. & Litig. 1 (1991).</div>​</div>2986Publication
              A Program for the Education of Environmental Auditors at Vermont Law School's Environmental Law CenterA Program for the Education of Environmental Auditors at Vermont Law School's Environmental Law Center<div class="ExternalClass6ED840D7A59445FB854E9CFA879853C5"><div><em>A Program for the Education of Environmental Auditors at Vermont Law School's Environmental Law Center</em>, Envtl. Auditor, 1991, at 59.</div>​</div>2985Publication
              A Constitutional Right to a Healthful EnvironmentA Constitutional Right to a Healthful Environment<div class="ExternalClass570269669C7142ED9267E3818BF5FA5E"><div><em>A Constitutional Right to a Healthful Environment</em>, 16 Vt. L. Rev. 1063 (1992).</div>​</div>2984Publication
              Meditative Reflections on Ecology, Environmental Law and the Protection of Scenic BeautyMeditative Reflections on Ecology, Environmental Law and the Protection of Scenic Beauty<div class="ExternalClassC02C27C566CD4596A155852E7D332325"><div><em>Meditative Reflections on Ecology, Environmental Law and the Protection of Scenic Beauty</em>, part of the Gordon H. Barker Memorial Paper Series In Natural Resource Policy, University of Wisconsin-Madison Center for Resource Policy Studies and Programs (1992).</div>​</div>2983Publication
              Legal Realism, Norman Williams and Vermont's Act 2050Legal Realism, Norman Williams and Vermont's Act 2050<div class="ExternalClassE4574FB108E44C08886CA68C0EA12CD4"><div> ​<em>Legal Realism, Norman Williams and Vermont’s Act 250</em>, 20 Vt. L. Rev. 699 (1996).</div>​</div>2982Publication
              Civil Society Regimes and Ecosystem Management: Selected Problems in Lake ChamplainCivil Society Regimes and Ecosystem Management: Selected Problems in Lake Champlain<div class="ExternalClass3B8343E5529A4EB3B45C083FF4E8EEA6"><div>With Anne Drost, <em>Civil Society Regimes and Ecosystem Management: Selected Problems in Lake Champlain</em>, 15 U. Ariz. J. Int'l & Comp. L. 289 (1998).</div>​</div>2981Publication
              Law and Civil Society in the U.S., Canada, Quebec, and the First NationsLaw and Civil Society in the U.S., Canada, Quebec, and the First Nations<div class="ExternalClass622808202B00496784737775AD5A3900"><div><em>Law and Civil Society in the U.S., Canada, Quebec and the First Nations</em>, 15 U. Ariz. J. Int'l & Comp. L. 1 (1998).</div>​</div>2973Publication
              Introduction to Symposium, Quebec, Canada, and the First NationsIntroduction to Symposium, Quebec, Canada, and the First Nations<div class="ExternalClass752065AD2B0A4B7A9146AF1B7A4FE97C"><div><em>Introduction to Symposium, Quebec, Canada and First Nations: The Problem of Secession</em>, 23 Vt. L. Rev. 699 (1999).</div>​</div>2972Publication
              The Many Busts of Artistotle on Display: A Review of Calnan's 'Justice and Tort Law,The Many Busts of Artistotle on Display: A Review of Calnan's 'Justice and Tort Law,<div class="ExternalClass6BA35E52E2454B77B3C71711E164A869"><div><em>The Many Busts of Aristotle on Display: A Review of Calnan's 'Justice and Tort Law,'</em> 36 Tort & Ins. L.J. 1105 (2001).</div>​</div>2971Publication
              Kelo and the "Whaling City": A Search for the Urban Public InterestKelo and the "Whaling City": A Search for the Urban Public Interest<div class="ExternalClass70023D7643B9486A9F8CDD824E9AF210"><div><em>Kelo and the "Whaling City": A Search for the Urban Public Interest</em>, Real Estate L. Rev. (Sep. 2006).</div>​</div>2970Publication
              Refurbishing of Life Stages: A Meditation Upon the Law of the Stages of LifeRefurbishing of Life Stages: A Meditation Upon the Law of the Stages of Life<div class="ExternalClassADF2293F4BA2426195D08E7E4207450F"><div> <em>Refurbishing of Life Stages: A Meditation Upon the Law of the Stages of Life</em>, Buffalo L. Rev. (Sep. 2006).</div>​</div>2969Publication
              The Gulf Oil Spill: The Road Not TakenThe Gulf Oil Spill: The Road Not Taken<div class="ExternalClass0010E8FB9B6E465490AF5B17D63B5AF5"><div> <em>The Gulf Oil Spill: The Road Not Taken</em>, 74 Albany L. Rev. 489 (2010/2011).</div>​</div>2968Publication
              Making the 'Mediterranean of the Western Hemisphere' a Sustainable Community: The Connecticut Coastal Management Act and the Long Island SoundMaking the 'Mediterranean of the Western Hemisphere' a Sustainable Community: The Connecticut Coastal Management Act and the Long Island Sound<div class="ExternalClassBAA7DAD1CB1849648BF3CD6A6965B360"><div> <em>Making the 'Mediterranean of the Western Hemisphere' a Sustainable Community: The Connecticut Coastal Management Act and the Long Island Sound</em>, Vt. L. Rev. 13:3 453 (2012).​</div></div>2967Publication
              New Towns and Communal ValuesNew Towns and Communal Values<div class="ExternalClass0BE2F7B922314A60BF1810526A4D9D89"><div> ​<em>New Towns and Communal Values</em> (Praeger 1974).</div>​</div>2966Publication
              State and Local Environmental Impact RequirementsState and Local Environmental Impact Requirements<div class="ExternalClassEA0FFD77BA7A44EFBC75218CDE6D6A67"><div>"State and Local Environmental Impact Requirements," in <em>Zoning and Land Use Controls</em> (Patrick Rohan ed., 1988).</div> ​</div>2965Publication
              State and Regional Land Use ControlsState and Regional Land Use Controls<div class="ExternalClass06C4178486F34F1F9F914AEF441DCE44"><div>​"State and Regional Land Use Controls," in <em>Zoning and Land Use Controls</em>​ (Patrick Rohan ed., 1989).</div></div>2964Publication
              The Law of Municipal Comprehensive PlanningThe Law of Municipal Comprehensive Planning<div class="ExternalClass88382A4E3465437BAE95D43A65ECCE0B"><div>"The Law of Municipal Comprehensive Planning," in <em>Zoning and Land Use Controls</em> ​(Patrick Rohan ed., 1990).</div></div>2963Publication
              Federal Air Pollution ControlFederal Air Pollution Control<div class="ExternalClassF314A16F4D95474A8C479E6B7E251F63"><div>​"Federal Air Pollution Control," in <em>Zoning and Land Use Controls</em>​ (Patrick Rohan ed., 1991).</div></div>2962Publication
              Buying the Sky: Acid Rain Controls in the U.S. Under the 1990 Clean Air ActBuying the Sky: Acid Rain Controls in the U.S. Under the 1990 Clean Air Act<div class="ExternalClass87AE27AFF1B5486B933D38ED0DCC8A47"><div>"Buying the Sky: Acid Rain Controls in the U.S. Under the 1990 Clean Air Act," in <em>Acid Rain</em>, (J. Rose ed., Gordon and Breach Science Publishers 1994).​</div></div>2961Publication
              Green Justice: The Environment and The CourtsGreen Justice: The Environment and The Courts<div class="ExternalClass1765C447D6364F249E9C6D23D4FA9083"><div>Co-author with Thomas Hoban, <em>Green Justice: The Environment and The Courts</em> (2d ed., Westview ​Press 1996).​</div></div>2960Publication
              Toward Community Sustainability: Vermont's Act 250Toward Community Sustainability: Vermont's Act 250<div class="ExternalClass2CAABA5C1EBC4F359E8F3806C2304B85"><div>Lead Author with K. Leonard, et al., <em>Toward Community Sustainability: Vermont’s Act 250</em>​ (Vol. I 1996, Vol. II 1997).</div></div>2959Publication
              Law and Ecology: The Rise of the Ecosystem RegimeLaw and Ecology: The Rise of the Ecosystem Regime<div class="ExternalClassF784E52A7BED4C25A72EC3CA5B1E1471"><div>Lead author with Ross Jones and Ross A. Virginia, <em>Law and Ecology: The Rise of the Ecosystem Regime</em>, (Ashgate Publishing 2002).​​</div></div>2958Publication
              Beyond Advocacy and Towards Justice: The Contribution of Legal Reasoning to Planning and Policy MakingBeyond Advocacy and Towards Justice: The Contribution of Legal Reasoning to Planning and Policy Making<div class="ExternalClassD55526BC57374D42A339455CF905D7E0"><p>​Essay, <em>Beyond Advocacy and Towards Justice: The Contribution of Legal Reasoning to Planning and Policy Making</em>, Am. Inst. Planners (1972).​</p></div>2696Publication
              Municipal Environmental Ordinances: Compendium of Municipal Environmental LawsMunicipal Environmental Ordinances: Compendium of Municipal Environmental Laws<div class="ExternalClassF0DF56CD446D429991C9B51D14AE9BE5"><p>​<em>Municipal Environmental Ordinances: Compendium of Municipal Environmental Laws</em>, University of Rhode Island (1977). </p></div>2695Publication

              Presentations

              Presentations

               

               

              Awards & Accomplishments

              Awards & Accomplishments

               

               

              Mina Shaunnessy Post Secondary Education AwardMina Shaunnessy Post Secondary Education Award<div class="ExternalClassF5DAC3D13E4646CCAC23E5BBB215BF0D"><p>​Recipient of the Mina Shaunessy Post Secondary Education Award, U.S. Dept. of Education (1984).​​</p></div>3013Award, Honor or Grant

               

               

               

               

              Leadership and ServiceLeadership and Service<div class="ExternalClassAF00B4C32CF34BC3841CC63BE674E177"><div>Chair, Association of American Law Schools, section on North American Cooperation, 1998-99. </div><div>Associate, Environmental Law Institute, Washington, D.C., since 1985. </div><div>Chair, Air Pollution Committee, American Bar Association, since 1996. </div><div>Chair, Environmental Committee, Vermont Bar Association, 1986. </div><div>Member, editorial review boards of Environment and Land Use Law Annual, since 1985, Environmental Auditor, since 1989, and Hazardous Materials Journal, since 1990. </div></div>3015Affiliation
              TeachingTeaching<div class="ExternalClassD09FB98D3E9D4B89BC0C410941ACEA97"><p>Professor at Vermont Law School since 1978.<br><span style="font-size:14px;line-height:20px;"><br>V</span><span style="font-size:14px;line-height:20px;">isiting Professor in Environmental Studies at Dartmouth College, since 1980.<br></span><span style="font-size:14px;line-height:20px;"><br>Past consultant, Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., and U.S. Department of Energy.<br></span><span style="font-size:14px;line-height:20px;"><br>A</span><span style="font-size:14px;line-height:20px;">ssociate Professor of Law and  Planning, University of Rhode </span><span style="font-size:14px;line-height:20px;">Island, 1971-78.<br></span><span style="font-size:14px;line-height:20px;"><br>Chair, Urban Studies Program, Connecticut College 1968 </span></p></div>3014Affiliation
              Member, editorial review boards of Environment and Land Use Law Annual, since 1985, Environmental Auditor, since 1989, and Hazardous Materials Journal, since 1990.Member, editorial review boards of Environment and Land Use Law Annual, since 1985, Environmental Auditor, since 1989, and Hazardous Materials Journal, since 1990.<div class="ExternalClass4ADA24D72BD14DF08771D139959EAFD0"><p>​Member, editorial review boards of Environment and Land Use Law Annual, since 1985, Environmental Auditor, since 1989, and Hazardous Materials Journal, since 1990.</p></div>2700Affiliation
              Chair, Environmental Committee, Vermont Bar Association, 1986. Chair, Environmental Committee, Vermont Bar Association, 1986. <div class="ExternalClass792888669F514509BF357AB89DDE511A"><p>​Chair, Environmental Committee, Vermont Bar Association, 1986. </p></div>2699Affiliation
              Chair, Air Pollution Committee, American Bar Association, since 1996. Chair, Air Pollution Committee, American Bar Association, since 1996. <div class="ExternalClass655B6C395F78499B91170AA01FC5A6A7"><p>​Chair, Air Pollution Committee, American Bar Association, since 1996. </p></div>2698Affiliation
              Chair, Association of American Law Schools, section on North American Cooperation, 1998-99.Chair, Association of American Law Schools, section on North American Cooperation, 1998-99.<div class="ExternalClass2C1D95ABE8144E91A574996B24F59AB8"><p>​Chair, Association of American Law Schools, section on North American Cooperation, 1998-99.</p></div>2697Affiliation