Clean Water Act Michael Formica, JD'98

​​Alum Michael Formica JD'98, Assistant VP and Legal Counsel for Domestic Policy, National Pork Producers Council; Co-Chair, American Bar Association's Water Quality Committee; Co-Chair, Agricultural Nutrient Policy Council; shares his Clean Water Act (CWA)-related work along with CWA trends and big issues.​​​


Formica represents hog farmers from across the country before federal and state regulatory agencies, focusing on CWA issues, and also handles water-quality issues for the broader agriculture sector. For general U.S. business sectors and the agriculture sector, he was a primary author for comments and negotiation with the EPA over the Clean Water Rule and is involved in related litigation. He also has been involved with the EPA’s Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation rule under the CWA and with litigation connected to the Chesapeake Bay.​

Formica is working with the EPA in the Nutrient Recycling Challenge, an initiative to develop technologies that recycle nutrients from livestock waste to help reduce water pollution and create marketable products​.


​“The biggest issue the country will face is its aging infrastructure and associated problems, both in providing clean drinking water … and in protecting water quality generally, as older urban areas continue to shed populations, yet still need to invest tens of billions of dollars to repair and replace 100-plus-year-old sewage and stormwater systems.

 “We are now leading to a new phase, where attention is focusing on nontraditional sources of pollution that come not from point sources but from lawns, golf courses, forests, streets, farms, etc., all of which are exacerbated by limits on new growth and development in urban areas and fights between urban and rural areas over water-quality challenges,” Formica says​.​​​


​Learn more about Vermont Law School's JD program and the Water and Justice Program. Discover how you can get involved with the Environmental and Natural Resources Law Clinic at Vermont Law School and advocate for water rights.