ADR6405.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1195ADR6405.AArbitrationMcCormack,Beth40.0000000000000<div>This course is designed to familiarize students with the legal issues surrounding the arbitration process. Arbitration is an efficient, expeditious, and (sometimes) lower-cost alternative to litigation that is growing in popularity. Many areas of law commonly use arbitration, including securities regulation, commercial law, employment law, medical malpractice, and construction law. This course examines the nature of the arbitration process, rules governing hearings, and the relationship between arbitration and the court system. Students will study issues surrounding the enforceability of agreements to arbitrate, defenses to arbitration clauses, and judicial review of an arbitration award. Students will also learn how to read and draft arbitration provisions. This class will provide students with a thorough understanding of arbitration law and a solid foundation for legal practice, whether in alternative dispute resolution tribunals or in the civil justice system.</div> <div> Method of evaluation: class participation, occasional in-class exercises, and a take-home final examination. </div>2.00000000000000GP0|#5035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542;L0|#05035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542|Fall 2015;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bW 3:35 - 5:15pm1195
ADR6410.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1239ADR6410.AAlternative Dispute ResolutionVogel,Joan16.0000000000000<div>This class presents the theory and practice of negotiation, mediation, and arbitration that constitute the foundation of alternative dispute resolution (ADR). This survey course focuses on the theory and practice of these techniques that are used as alternatives or as additions to formal litigation. Students will examine the different theories, approaches and the wide range of issues (e.g. legal, economic, sociological, moral, ethical, psychological, political to name a few) that arise in the selection and application of these dispute resolution techniques. In addition to classroom discussion, students will participate in simulation exercises in order to engage the different techniques as a neutral, an advocate and a disputant.</div> <div> Students cannot take this course and Environmental Dispute Resolution or ADR & the Environment.</div> <div> Method of evaluation: Class participation and papers. </div>3.00000000000000GP0|#5035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542;L0|#05035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542|Fall 2015;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bW 2:10 - 5:15pm1239
ADR6415.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1386ADR6415.AEnvironmental Dispute ResolutionNolon,Sean<div>Resolving environmental disputes is notoriously difficult.  These conflicts involve multiple parties, complicated factual matters and typically resist simple solutions.  In this course, students will explore these characteristics, investigate the full range of processes available to manage environmental disputes and assesses relevant policy and practical considerations of process selection.  Over the course of the semester, we will compare the use of adversarial and collaborative processes in environmental disputes and explore the advantages and disadvantages of different approaches.  We will rely heavily on simulations to explore theories and build the skills needed to be effective environmental negotiators.  Through this course you will develop an understanding of how to create an effective problem-solving climate that will meet your client’s needs.</div><div> </div><div>Method of evaluation is class participation, quizzes and a final exam<br>AWR-No<br></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f;L0|#0f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f|Spring 2016;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bT 3:35 - 5:15pm1386
ADR6415.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1446ADR6415.AEnvironmental Dispute Resolution<div>This course explores the characteristics of environmental disputes, examines alternative dispute resolution processes (including mediation, arbitration, negotiated rulemaking, and facilitation), and assesses relevant policy and practical considerations in selecting the most effective method of resolving environmental disputes. A major theme of this course will be to compare the advantages and disadvantages of adversarial and collaborative approaches in environmental conflicts, including ones involving environmental regulation and compliance, remediation of contaminated property, land use, and climate change. This course will use simulations to explore a range of dispute resolution processes and the role of impartial third parties and lawyers in these processes. The instructor will use numerous case studies and students should be prepared to actively engage in each class session.</div> <div><strong>This course is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#c0553288-991c-4622-9da2-6fbff354eb40;L0|#0c0553288-991c-4622-9da2-6fbff354eb40|Fall 2015 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bOct. 27 – Dec. 16, 20151446
ADR6415.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1462ADR6415.AEnvironmental Dispute Resolution<div>This course explores the characteristics of environmental disputes, examines alternative dispute resolution processes (including mediation, arbitration, negotiated rulemaking, and facilitation), and assesses relevant policy and practical considerations in selecting the most effective method of resolving environmental disputes. A major theme of this course will be to compare the advantages and disadvantages of adversarial and collaborative approaches in environmental conflicts, including ones involving environmental regulation and compliance, remediation of contaminated property, land use, and climate change. This course will use simulations to explore a range of dispute resolution processes and the role of impartial third parties and lawyers in these processes. The instructor will use numerous case studies and students should be prepared to actively engage in each class session.</div> <div><strong>This class is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de;L0|#0f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de|Spring 2016 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMarch 8 – April 27, 20161462
ADR6420.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1196ADR6420.ANegotiationPowers,Donald24.0000000000000<div>Meeting times:  Fridays:  October 2 & October 16; 2:10-6:30. Saturdays: October 3 and October 17; 8:00-6:30.</div><div> </div><div>This course will  explore what it means to be an effective negotiator, and the tools needed to improve on this important life skill.  Students will be expected to learn and apply theories from a broad range of disciplines including law, economics, psychology, sociology and management.  These theories will be discussed and debated in class discussions and practiced through highly interactive simulations.  The course examines the dynamics, constraints, and patterns of effective negotiation.  It focuses equally on the use of negotiation in deal-making and dispute resolution.  We will conduct simulations in a variety of contexts.  We will explore how dynamics change when moving from two-party to multi-party negotiations, the added complexity of effectively representing parties in negotiations, and how ethics should influence our behavior.  Readings will need to be completed ahead of time and a final project will be completed after classes.<br> <br>Satisfies skills requirement.<br>JD/MELP:  Alternative Dispute Resolution.<br>Method of Evaluation: Performance in simulations, participation in class and a final negotiation (Does not satisfy AWR)<br>This is a limited enrollment course (24)<br></div><div> </div><div> </div>2.00000000000000GP0|#5035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542;L0|#05035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542|Fall 2015;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bS 8 - 6:30pm, F 2:10 - 6:30pm1196
ADR6420.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1411ADR6420.ANegotiationClayton,Gregory<div>Meeting Times:  Friday:  February 26th and Saturday:  February 27th and Friday:  March 18th and Saturday:  March 19th.</div><div> </div><div>This course is designed to help you explore what it means to be an effective negotiator and to practice the skills needed to improve on this important life skill.  You will be expected to learn and apply theories from a broad range of disciplines including law, economics, psychology, sociology and management.  These theories will be discussed and debated in class discussions and practice through highly interactive simulations.  The course examines the dynamics, constraints, and skills needed to be an effective negotiator.  It focuses equally on the use of negotiation in deal making and to resolve disputes.  We will conduct simulations in a variety of contexts including face-to-face, over the phone and email.  We will explore how dynamics change when moving from two-party to multi-party negotiations and look at how ethics should influence our behavior.  Readings will need to be completed ahead of time and a final project will be completed after classes.  This is a limited enrollment course (24)<br>Satisfies skills requirement.<br>MELP:  Distributional requirement  - Alternative Dispute Resolution.</div><div> </div><div>Method of Evaluation: Performance in simulations, participation in Class and a final negotiation (Does not satisfy AWR)<br></div>2.00000000000000GP0|#f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f;L0|#0f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f|Spring 2016;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bS 8:30 - 6:30pm, F 2:30 - 6:30pm1411
ADR6425.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1387ADR6425.AInterviewing,Counseling and NegotiationBarry,Margaret<div>The ethical, professional, and competent practice of law relies upon Interviewing, Counseling, and Negotiation. This simulation based course introduces knowledge and behaviors needed for effective interviewing, counseling, and negotiation. We will cover building working relationships with clients, gathering information from clients and from witnesses through effective questioning and listening, strategic objectives of organizing, developing and assessing decision alternatives and their consequences, negotiation strategies, and ethical issues arising in all these activities. </div>3.00000000000000GP0|#f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f;L0|#0f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f|Spring 2016;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bM 3:35 - 5:15pm1387
BUS6262.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1194BUS6262.ASocial Enterprise LawGoodenough,Oliver30.0000000000000<div>​This course examines legal structures that social and environmental enterprises currently use to accomplish their missions—nonprofit organizations, traditional for-profits, L3Cs, benefit corporations, cooperatives and other business forms that place "Planet" and "People" ahead of or on an equal footing with "Profit." The course contemplates the advantages and disadvantages of using these forms to accomplish these missions, how they should be adopted or modified, and whether society should devise other structures to further these missions. Students will examine these issues through the lens of four existing organizations—1) a for-profit, 2) a nonprofit, 3) a hybrid, and 4) a cooperative or employee owned organization. Students will be evaluated on their participation in the classroom and with the virtual tools such as wikis and discussion forums, as well as on a final White Paper that suggests ways public policy towards social and environmental enterprises should be improved.</div>2.00000000000000GP0|#5035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542;L0|#05035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542|Fall 2015;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMW 11:20 - 12:35pm1194
CLI9302.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1198CLI9302.AEnvironmntal and Natural Resources Law ClinicRuley,Doug<div>The Environmental and Natural Resources Law Clinic functions as a public interest environmental law firm with a collegial atmosphere that encourages interaction and feedback among students and Clinic faculty. Under the supervision of experienced environmental attorneys, student clinicians represent community groups and conservation organizations in real-world cases and projects. Although the clinic experience varies from student to student depending on the cases and projects assigned, student clinicians typically learn how to: communicate with clients, experts, agency personnel, opposing parties, and the media; conduct site visits; investigate scientific, technical, and other factual information; gather public records using FOIA and state public record laws; engage in specialized legal research; draft and file court briefs and pleadings in compliance with local rules; conduct written and oral discovery; analyze complex legal and factual materials; develop legal theories, claims, and arguments; engage in strategic decision-making; negotiate with opposing parties and craft settlement agreements; and comply with ethical and professional standards. The goal of the clinical experience is to develop well-rounded professionals with a high degree of skill and judgment grounded in service to clients and respect for the environment and the rule of law. While learning the craft of lawyering, students are expected to give careful attention to the ethical aspects of practicing law, and to evaluate alternative approaches to resolving environmental conflicts.</div> <div> Practicum, Classroom Component, and Clinic Hours: Required classes two days/week—one hour fifteen minutes each class. A student's schedule for the student's other clinic hours will be determined by the individual student in consultation with clinical faculty. Students who enroll in the Clinic may not enroll in courses that conflict with the required two/days a week ENRLC classes.</div> <div> Legal Profession is strongly recommended for students enrolling in any clinic term. In addition, during the selection process, priority will generally be given to students who have successfully completed Administrative Law and Environmental Law (or another substantive environmental law course).</div> <div> Registration: The ENRLC conducts interviews with interested applicants in the spring for the Fall Semester and in the fall for the Spring Semester. The ENRLC will also have a separate interview process for the summer. If a student is selected for the ENRLC by clinical faculty, the ENRLC will provide the Registrar's Office with a list of all accepted applicants and will register them for the course.</div> <div> Full-time program, 13-credits; students may not register for another course in the semester they take the ENRLC without the express consent of the Director of the Clinic.</div> <div> Method of evaluation is pass/fail (PH, P, LP, F)</div> <div> Clinic faculty are happy to supervise AWR papers, but clinic writing projects usually cannot fulfill the AWR.</div>GP0|#5035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542;L0|#05035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542|Fall 2015;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMW 2:10 - 3:25pm1198
CLI9302.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1414CLI9302.AEnvironmental and Natural Resources Law ClinicRuley,Doug<div>The Environmental and Natural Resources Law Clinic functions as a public interest environmental law firm with a collegial atmosphere that encourages interaction and feedback among students and Clinic faculty. Under the supervision of experienced environmental attorneys, student clinicians represent community groups and conservation organizations in real-world cases and projects. Although the clinic experience varies from student to student depending on the cases and projects assigned, student clinicians typically learn how to: communicate with clients, experts, agency personnel, opposing parties, and the media; conduct site visits; investigate scientific, technical, and other factual information; gather public records using FOIA and state public record laws; engage in specialized legal research; draft and file court briefs and pleadings in compliance with local rules; conduct written and oral discovery; analyze complex legal and factual materials; develop legal theories, claims, and arguments; engage in strategic decision-making; negotiate with opposing parties and craft settlement agreements; and comply with ethical and professional standards. The goal of the clinical experience is to develop well-rounded professionals with a high degree of skill and judgment grounded in service to clients and respect for the environment and the rule of law. While learning the craft of lawyering, students are expected to give careful attention to the ethical aspects of practicing law, and to evaluate alternative approaches to resolving environmental conflicts.<br>Practicum, Classroom Component, and Clinic Hours: Required classes two days/week—one hour fifteen minutes each class. A student’s schedule for the student’s other clinic hours will be determined by the individual student in consultation with clinical faculty.  Students who enroll in the Clinic may not enroll in courses that conflict with the required two/days a week ENRLC classes.</div><div>Legal Profession is strongly recommended for students enrolling in any clinic term. In addition, during the selection process, priority will generally be given to students who have successfully completed Administrative Law and Environmental Law (or another substantive environmental law course).</div><div>Registration: The ENRLC conducts interviews with interested applicants in the spring for the Fall Semester and in the fall for the Spring Semester. The ENRLC will also have a separate interview process for the summer. If a student is selected for the ENRLC by clinical faculty, the ENRLC will provide the Registrar’s Office with a list of all accepted applicants and will register them for the course. </div><div>Full-time program, 13-credits; students may not register for another course in the semester they take the ENRLC without the express consent of the Director of the Clinic.</div><div>Method of evaluation is pass/fail (PH, P, LP, F)<br>Clinic faculty are happy to supervise AWR papers, but clinic writing projects usually cannot fulfill the AWR because of their confidential nature. <br></div>GP0|#f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f;L0|#0f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f|Spring 2016;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bTR 2:10 - 3:25pm1414
CLI9326.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1203CLI9326.AAdvanced Environmental and Natural Resources Clinic 6Ruley,Doug<div>Advanced Environmental Natural Resources Law Clinic.</div>6.00000000000000GP0|#5035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542;L0|#05035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542|Fall 2015;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1203
CLI9326.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1391CLI9326.AAdvanced Environmental and Natural Resources Law Clinic 6Ruley,Doug<div>Advanced Environmental Natural Resources Law Clinic.</div>6.00000000000000GP0|#f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f;L0|#0f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f|Spring 2016;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1391
CLI9329.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1204CLI9329.AAdvanced Environmental and Natural Resources Clinic 9Ruley,Doug<div>Advanced Environmental Natural Resources Law Clinic.</div>9.00000000000000GP0|#5035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542;L0|#05035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542|Fall 2015;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1204
CLI9405.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1424CLI9405.ADispute Resolution Clinic IBarone,Robin<div>This clinical offering trains students to mediate. While training, students observe and will later conduct mediations in various Vermont and New Hampshire courts. The course begins with <br>an intensive skills session in the form of a day-long training session scheduled for Monday, January 4th  before the start of spring classes. Attendance at this session is MANDATORY. Students interested in taking the course MUST attend the Monday session. No exceptions can be made. </div><div>There will also be one Saturday training session, presently scheduled for January 23rd. This session is also mandatory. Weekly seminars will focus on course readings regarding conflict theory, mediation techniques, litigation strategies, public policy and social justice issues, as well as ethical and licensing concerns. A portion of each class will be devoted to clinic-style rounds, enabling students to present the cases they have observed or mediated for discussion and feedback.  Students will be asked to analyze mediation practice and conflict theory from the various perspectives of mediator, attorney advocate, parties and client. Professor Barone administers small claims mediation programs in two New Hampshire courts (Lebanon District Court and Littleton District Court): students will be able to observe and later mediate in those courts. (Vermont small claims court mediation programs are currently suspended for budgetary reasons.) Professor Barone will also arrange shadowing opportunities with practicing Vermont attorney-mediators, so that the students can observe civil mediations at the Superior Court level.  Students will need to provide their own transportation to and from the various courts throughout Vermont, and/or to Lebanon NH and Littleton NH.<br> <br>Satisfies skills requirement.<br>Method of evaluation:  Pass/Fail; AWR-No.<br></div>4.00000000000000GP0|#f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f;L0|#0f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f|Spring 2016;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bM 8:30 - 10:10am1424
CLI9427.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1212CLI9427.AEnergy ClinicJones,Kevin<div>Through this course students will be introduced to the practical aspects of real world energy projects.  Students will become involved in some aspect of the development or evaluation of real life energy projects (e.g. solar PV, energy efficiency, electric vehicle infrastructure) and may have the opportunity to support the legal and policy requirements of a particular project or through the development of model legal documents to facilitate future projects.  Students will be introduced to the state and federal statutes, rules, tax codes, and ordinances that apply to the development of energy projects particularly those that promote sustainability at the community level.  Given the project development cycle while students may only be involved in one or more transactional elements of the project the goal of the course will be to also provide a framework for understanding how their specific component fits within the complete project cycle.  Specific projects undertaken by the energy clinic will be selected in order to support some social justice or environmental benefit including community ownership, greenhouse gas reduction, or low income energy affordability goals.  Classroom instruction will be through IEE faculty, fellows, and guest lecturers. </div>4.00000000000000GP0|#5035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542;L0|#05035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542|Fall 2015;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1212
CLI9427.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1428CLI9427.AEnergy ClinicJones,Kevin<div>Through this course students will be introduced to the practical aspects of real world energy projects.  Students will become involved in some aspect of the development or evaluation of real life energy projects (e.g. solar PV, energy efficiency, electric vehicle infrastructure) and may have the opportunity to support the legal and policy requirements of a particular project or through the development of model legal documents to facilitate future projects.  Students will be introduced to the state and federal statutes, rules, tax codes, and ordinances that apply to the development of energy projects particularly those that promote sustainability at the community level.  Given the project development cycle while students may only be involved in one or more transactional elements of the project the goal of the course will be to also provide a framework for understanding how their specific component fits within the complete project cycle.  Specific projects undertaken by the energy clinic will be selected in order to support some social justice or environmental benefit including community ownership, greenhouse gas reduction, or low income energy affordability goals.  Classroom instruction will be through IEE faculty, fellows, and guest lecturers. </div>4.00000000000000GP0|#f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f;L0|#0f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f|Spring 2016;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1428
CLI9428.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1213CLI9428.AFood and Agriculture ClinicRenner,Jamie<div>Clinic:  In the Food and Agriculture Clinic, students collaborate with local, regional, national and international partner organizations to develop and publicly disseminate law, policy and market tools that provide guidance to food system constituencies, including farmers, food entrepreneurs, consumers, legislators, and advocates, on how to advance law, policy and market initiatives that directly or indirectly promote (1) environmentally and economically sustainable agriculture, (2) public health, (3) food access and food security, (4) local and regional agriculture economies and (5) animal welfare.  Student clinicians participate in all aspects of project development and execution, gaining experience in both advocacy and the business behind it.  Skills practiced in the clinic — including problem solving, cross-professional collaboration, legal research, legal writing, project management, legal resource design, interviewing, public speaking, media and marketing — are transferable to any advocacy context.</div><div> </div><div>Method of evaluation:  Clinic is high pass/low pass/fail.  </div>4.00000000000000GP0|#5035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542;L0|#05035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542|Fall 2015;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1213
CLI9428.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1429CLI9428.AFood and Agriculture ClinicRenner,Jamie<div>Clinic:  In the Food and Agriculture Clinic, students collaborate with local, regional, national and international partner organizations to develop and publicly disseminate law, policy and market tools that provide guidance to food system constituencies, including farmers, food entrepreneurs, consumers, legislators, and advocates, on how to advance law, policy and market initiatives that directly or indirectly promote (1) environmentally and economically sustainable agriculture, (2) public health, (3) food access and food security, (4) local and regional agriculture economies and (5) animal welfare.  Student clinicians participate in all aspects of project development and execution, gaining experience in both advocacy and the business behind it.  Skills practiced in the clinic — including problem solving, cross-professional collaboration, legal research, legal writing, project management, legal resource design, interviewing, public speaking, media and marketing — are transferable to any advocacy context.</div><div>Method of evaluation:  Clinic is high pass/low pass/fail.  </div>4.00000000000000GP0|#f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f;L0|#0f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f|Spring 2016;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1429
CLI9429.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1214CLI9429.AFood and Agriculture SeminarRenner,Jamie<div>Seminar:  In the Food and Agriculture Clinic seminar, students explore the substantive laws and advocacy skills that underlie their clinic project work.</div><div> </div><div>Method of evaluation:  The seminar is a letter grade A-F.  </div>2.00000000000000GP0|#5035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542;L0|#05035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542|Fall 2015;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1214
CLI9429.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1430CLI9429.AFood and Agriculture SeminarRenner,Jamie<div>Seminar:  In the Food and Agriculture Clinic seminar, students explore the substantive laws and advocacy skills that underlie their clinic project work.</div><div> </div><div>The seminar is a letter grade A-F.  </div>2.00000000000000GP0|#f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f;L0|#0f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f|Spring 2016;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1430
CLI9437.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1405CLI9437.AAdvanced Energy ClinicJones,Kevin<div>The Advanced Energy Clinic is a four credit course offered in the fall and/or spring semester.  Through this course students will explore at an advanced level, the practical aspects of real world energy projects (generation, transmission, distribution, and/or end-use) from the stage of conceptualization, development, contracting, financing regulatory approval and construction.  Students will be further exposed to the state and federal statutes, rules, tax codes, and ordinances that apply to the development of energy projects particularly those that promote sustainability at the community level.  Students will also review and/or develop purchased power and other commercial agreements governing these projects.  Classroom instruction will be through IEE faculty, fellows, and guest lecturers.  </div>4.00000000000000GP0|#f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f;L0|#0f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f|Spring 2016;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1405
CLI9450.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1406CLI9450.ALand Use ClinicGjessing,Catherine<div>The Land Use Clinic combines a two-credit classroom component with a four-credit placement experience. The classroom component of the course introduces students to substantive issues that commonly arise in land use practice, to the policies and procedures underlying Vermont’s Environmental Court and the Vermont State Land Use statute, and to the competencies that lawyers need for effective representation in this area of law. This land use clinic complements the environmental law program at VLS by providing students the opportunity to understand how environmental and other land use laws are developed, implemented, administered and enforced, and the role lawyers play in that process. The four credit placement component of the course requires thirteen weeks at fourteen hours per week, or two days per week, at the placement. The two credit classroom component of the course requires fourteen weeks of class at two-hours per class, though some of the classes may be frontloaded.</div>6.00000000000000GP0|#f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f;L0|#0f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f|Spring 2016;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bM 5:25 - 7:25pm1406
DIV7620.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1336DIV7620.ANative Americans and the LawHoffmann,Hillary<div>This course will focus on the constitutional, statutory and jurisprudential rules that make up the field of Federal Indian Law.  Attention will be given to the historical framework from which the rules were derived.  After tracing the development of the underlying legal doctrines which are prominent today, we will consider subject-specific areas of Indian Law like hunting and fishing rights, stewardship of natural resources, economic development and protection of religion and cultural lifestyles.  <br> <br>Method of evaluation:  A final presentation and a final exam or a final paper.<br></div>GP0|#f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f;L0|#0f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f|Spring 2016;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMW 12:45 - 2pm1336
ENV5105.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1337ENV5105.AAdministrative LawHoffmann,Hillary<div>Administrative law is the law relating to administrative agencies, which almost every practicing lawyer encounters at one or more points in her career.  This class focuses on federal agencies - what they are (executive or independent), what they do (adjudicate, regulate, or investigate), and what constrains their authority (the Constitution, Congress, and the judiciary).  Lawyers who work for agencies, regulated industries, and public interest groups must understand these basic principles of administrative law. This course uses a problem focus to stress practical application of administrative law. </div><div><br>Method of evaluation:  Final exam.</div><div><br>AWR (No)<br></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f;L0|#0f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f|Spring 2016;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bTR 9:55 - 11:10am1337
ENV5105.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1438ENV5105.AAdministrative Law<div>The goal of Administrative Law is to provide students with a working knowledge of the general principles of administrative law, a general knowledge of the workings of bureaucratic institutions, and an understanding of the critiques of government. The course examines the implementation of legislative policy through administrative agencies, including the role of administrative agencies in the governmental process, rulemaking, adjudication, and judicial review of agency actions.</div> <div><strong>This course is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#db80ff7b-a965-4229-8201-57a7f62f9e6a;L0|#0db80ff7b-a965-4229-8201-57a7f62f9e6a|Fall 2015 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bSept. 1 – Oct. 21, 20151438
ENV5105.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1439ENV5105.AAdministrative Law<div>The goal of Administrative Law is to provide students with a working knowledge of the general principles of administrative law, a general knowledge of the workings of bureaucratic institutions, and an understanding of the critiques of government. The course examines the implementation of legislative policy through administrative agencies, including the role of administrative agencies in the governmental process, rulemaking, adjudication, and judicial review of agency actions.</div> <div><strong>This course is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#2e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9;L0|#02e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9|Spring 2016 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJan. 12 – March 2, 20161439
ENV5108.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1244ENV5108.AIntro to Law and Policy of Agriculture, Food and EnvironmentRistino,Laurie<div>​This survey course brings together American law impacting agriculture and food and explores the traditional divisions between agriculture, food, and environmental regulation. The course provides a hard look at the agriculture and food production sector and involves not only an examination of traditional farming and food safety policies but the ways in which these policies intersect with environmental law and health care policy, as well as important sectors from local land use planning to international trade. The emergence of local food movements also invites an exploration of new business models that provide for entrepreneurial activity in the food and food production space.</div>3.00000000000000GP0|#5035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542;L0|#05035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542|Fall 2015;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bTR 2:10 - 3:25pm1244
ENV5108.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1451ENV5108.AIntro to the Law and Policy of Agriculture, Food and the Environment<div>This survey course brings together American law impacting agriculture and food and explores the traditional divisions between agriculture, food, and environmental regulation. The course provides a hard look at the agriculture and food production sector and involves not only an examination of traditional farming and food safety policies but the ways in which these policies intersect with environmental law and health care policy, as well as important sectors from local land use planning to international trade. The emergence of local food movements also invites an exploration of new business models that provide for entrepreneurial activity in the food and food production space.</div> <div><strong>This course is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#c0553288-991c-4622-9da2-6fbff354eb40;L0|#0c0553288-991c-4622-9da2-6fbff354eb40|Fall 2015 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bOct. 27 – Dec. 16, 20151451
ENV5112.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1315ENV5112.AScience for Environmental Law<div>Ecology is an integrative science that can provide insight into many contemporary environmental problems. This course will explore the principles of ecology using a hands-on, interdisciplinary approach. Course work stresses the inventorying of biotic and physical components of a landscape (pieces), examining how these pieces are distributed (patterns), and determining what forces drive these patterns (processes). Topics will include interpreting the natural and cultural histories of a landscape, biodiversity conservation, and the scientific method, among others. This course requires minimal previous scientific understanding.</div> <div><strong>Approved for Master's credit only.</strong></div>GP0|#db80ff7b-a965-4229-8201-57a7f62f9e6a;L0|#0db80ff7b-a965-4229-8201-57a7f62f9e6a|Fall 2015 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bSept. 1 – Oct. 21, 20151315
ENV5112.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1392ENV5112.AScience for Environmental LawPease,Craig<div>This class: <br>            (1) Broadly surveys the science most relevant to environmental law, including  i) climate science, ii) air pollution including both atmospheric chemistry and health impacts, iii) toxicology of pesticides, food additives and industrial chemicals, iv) forest and endangered species management, and v) human population and resource use. <br>            (2) Discusses how scientific thinking and culture differs from legal thinking and culture. Thus, the course goes beyond summarizing what science currently knows, also asking why science knows what it does, how scientists gather data and draw inferences, and how scientists themselves evaluate the reliability of scientific information. <br>            (3) Explores some of the key challenges in effectively using science in legal and policy decision making. The course will develop several different perspectives on this, including i) looking in detail at the science underlying particular legal cases, ii) looking at the challenges inherent in translating science into regulatory standards, and iii) examining the roles of major scientific institutions in supplying advice and analysis to policymakers.  Broadly, the student will develop an understanding of the interface of science, law and policy, through the study of several specific case studies.</div><div><br> </div>3.00000000000000GP0|#f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f;L0|#0f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f|Spring 2016;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bTF 9:55 - 11:10am1392
ENV5112.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1459ENV5112.AScience for Environmental Law<div>Ecology is an integrative science that can provide insight into many contemporary environmental problems. This course will explore the principles of ecology using a hands-on, interdisciplinary approach. Course work stresses the inventorying of biotic and physical components of a landscape (pieces), examining how these pieces are distributed (patterns), and determining what forces drive these patterns (processes). Topics will include interpreting the natural and cultural histories of a landscape, biodiversity conservation, and the scientific method, among others. This course requires minimal previous scientific understanding.</div> <div><strong>This class is approved for Masters credit only.</strong></div>GP0|#2e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9;L0|#02e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9|Spring 2016 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJan. 12 – March 2, 20161459
ENV5115.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1221ENV5115.AEnvironmental LawFirestone,David<div>This course is an introduction to the law pertaining to environmental issues such as population, economic growth, energy, and pollution. Environmental problems are defined and alternative approaches for dealing with them are examined. Existing statutory efforts such as the National Environmental Policy Act, the Clean Air Act, and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act are analyzed.</div> <div><strong>Method of evaluation: Final exam</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#5035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542;L0|#05035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542|Fall 2015;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMW 12:45 - 2pm1221
ENV5115.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1338ENV5115.AEnvironmental LawMears, David<div>This is a survey course that will introduce students to the basic concepts of U.S. environmental law.  Students will trace the development of this complex and diverse body of law from its common law origins through the development of modern statutory and regulatory programs.  Goals of the course include (1) familiarity with the major federal environmental laws, their underpinnings in the common law, and the competing approaches to public policy reflected in each statute, (2) understanding of the cooperative federal-state governance structure and administrative law framework as applied in U.S. environmental law, and exposure to and the opportunity to practice skills used in environmental law including public speaking, advocacy, legal analysis, writing, receiving and providing feedback on work product, negotiating resolutions of disputes, and the application of legal process.  Themes in the course include global climate disruption, interdisciplinary approaches to environmental problem-solving, the role of the ethical attorney in environmental disputes and environmental justice.  Students will explore environmental law through reading case law, statutes, regulations and articles.</div><div> </div><div>Method of Evaluation:  Writing assignments, class participation and in class final examination</div><div><br>AWR:  No <br></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f;L0|#0f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f|Spring 2016;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMW 11:20 - 12:35pm1338
ENV5115.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1447ENV5115.AEnvironmental Law<div>This course is an introduction to the law of pollution control, management of hazardous materials, and preservation of natural resources, with a particular emphasis on major federal environmental statutes, including the National Environmental Policy Act, Clean Water Act, Clean Air Act, and Superfund. The contrasting regulatory mechanisms in the different statutes, with consideration given to the economic and ethical assumptions underlying the different approaches, and the resolution of environmental problems through private litigation, federal regulation, economic incentive systems, and judicial review of administrative decisions are examined.</div> <div><strong>This course is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#c0553288-991c-4622-9da2-6fbff354eb40;L0|#0c0553288-991c-4622-9da2-6fbff354eb40|Fall 2015 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bOct. 27 – Dec. 16, 20151447
ENV5115.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1463ENV5115.AEnvironmental Law<div>This course is an introduction to the law of pollution control, management of hazardous materials, and preservation of natural resources, with a particular emphasis on major federal environmental statutes, including the National Environmental Policy Act, Clean Water Act, Clean Air Act, and Superfund. The contrasting regulatory mechanisms in the different statutes, with consideration given to the economic and ethical assumptions underlying the different approaches, and the resolution of environmental problems through private litigation, federal regulation, economic incentive systems, and judicial review of administrative decisions are examined.</div> <div><strong>This class is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de;L0|#0f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de|Spring 2016 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMarch 8 – April 27, 20161463
ENV5122.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1238ENV5122.ACommunications, Advocacy and Leadership25.0000000000000<div></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#5035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542;L0|#05035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542|Fall 2015;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1238
ENV5122.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1314ENV5122.ACommunications, Advocacy and Leadership<div>A successful environmental professional should possess the ability to advocate, counsel, investigate, persuade, research, and educate. This course will develop those skills through various writing and oral advocacy projects. In addition to other writing projects, students will compose a Freedom of Information Act request, draft a public comment letter, write a grant proposal letter of inquiry, and create an environmental communication campaign. Different skills will be emphasized through the exploration of these diverse types of writing. The class will focus extensively on the craft of writing well.</div> <div><strong>This course is approved for JD Credit.<br>This course is not available to LLM students.</strong></div>GP0|#c0553288-991c-4622-9da2-6fbff354eb40;L0|#0c0553288-991c-4622-9da2-6fbff354eb40|Fall 2015 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bOct. 27 – Dec. 16, 20151314
ENV5122.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1464ENV5122.ACommunication, Advocacy and Leadership<div>A successful environmental professional should possess the ability to advocate, counsel, investigate, persuade, research, and educate. This course will develop those skills through various writing and oral advocacy projects. In addition to other writing projects, students will compose a Freedom of Information Act request, draft a public comment letter, write a grant proposal letter of inquiry, and create an environmental communication campaign. Different skills will be emphasized through the exploration of these diverse types of writing. The class will focus extensively on the craft of writing well.</div> <div><strong>This class is approved for JD Credit.<br>This class is not available to LLM students.</strong></div>GP0|#f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de;L0|#0f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de|Spring 2016 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMarch 8 – April 27, 20161464
ENV5125.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1222ENV5125.ALand Use RegulationMilne,Janet<div>This course reviews and evaluates the traditional American legal controls available to regulate the use of land, including local zoning ordinances and subdivision regulations, as well as more innovative techniques such as growth tempo controls, growth boundaries and transferable development rights. It explores the legal design of different techniques, the relevant statutory basis for their use and constitutional limitations on their use, and their effectiveness in guiding land use patterns as society's needs change over time. Although the course focuses primarily on local land use regulations, it also addresses several state-level land use regimes and the relative roles of state and local government in land use regulation.</div>3.00000000000000GP0|#5035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542;L0|#05035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542|Fall 2015;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMW 9:55 - 11:10am1222
ENV5205.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1339ENV5205.AAir Pollution Law and PolicyScott,Jessica<div>This course will cover the major regulatory approaches embodied in the Clean Air Act, including health-based ambient standards, technology-based standards, joint state-federal implementation under the principle of "cooperative federalism," direct EPA regulation using industry-by-industry approaches, pollution trading programs, permitting, and enforcement. The primary focus of the course will be on stationary source pollution, with a brief introduction to mobile source pollution. Students will be expected to read the statutory and regulatory provisions carefully, and to consider the science and policies which animate them. The course will require students to take an in-depth look at how the statute and regulations are implemented, both administratively and through the courts. As a foundation for interpreting and applying the Clean Air Act, students will learn about the health and environmental impacts of ozone, fine particulates, hazardous air pollutants, acid rain, and climate change, as well as the technologies used to address them. </div><div>Air Pollution is a specialized environmental law course most suitable for students who already have some experience with administrative law and environmental law.</div><div>MELP and JD-MELP Joint Degree students who have completed Environmental Law should have a sufficient background for this course. <br>JD-only students are strongly encouraged to take Administrative Law and Environmental Law before enrolling in Air Pollution.</div><div> </div><div>Method of evaluation: in-class exam.</div><div>AWR: no.<br></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f;L0|#0f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f|Spring 2016;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMW 2:10 - 3:25pm1339
ENV5212.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1223ENV5212.AClimate Change and the LawParenteau,Patrick<div>Climate change is the most profound social and environmental issue of the 21st century. This course will integrate the emerging science and law of climate change along with economic and inter-generational equity aspects of the problem. We will consider how existing federal laws such as the Clean Air Act may be used to address climate change as well as how new more comprehensive laws may be fashioned. Different policy instruments will be considered including carbon taxes and emissions trading. State and regional approaches will be considered along with questions of federalism and preemption. Both supply-side and demand-side energy options will be evaluated, along with the transportation and land use sectors. Measures to reduce tropical deforestation and wetland loss will be included. The status of international negotiations under the UNFCCC will be reviewed. Climate litigation will be covered. Guest speakers will provide a variety of perspectives.</div> <div> Method of Evaluation: Three commentaries (500 words each) Final Paper (5000 words)</div> <div><strong>AWR: Yes (3)</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#5035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542;L0|#05035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542|Fall 2015;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bTR 9:55 - 11:10am1223
ENV5212.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1316ENV5212.AClimate Change and the Law<div>Climate change is the most profound social and environmental issue of the 21st century. This course will integrate the emerging science and law of climate change along with economic and intergenerational equity aspects of the problem. We will consider how existing federal laws such as the Clean Air Act and NEPA may be used to address climate change as well as how new more comprehensive laws may be fashioned. Different policy instruments will be considered including carbon taxes and emissions trading. State and regional approaches will be considered along with questions of federalism and preemption. Both supply-side and demand-side energy options will be evaluated, along with the transportation and land use sectors. Measures to reduce tropical deforestation and wetland loss will be included. Corporate responsibility, risk disclosures, and the role of socially responsible institutional investors will be examined. The development of new international agreements in a "post-Kyoto" world will be reviewed. </div> <div><strong>This course is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#db80ff7b-a965-4229-8201-57a7f62f9e6a;L0|#0db80ff7b-a965-4229-8201-57a7f62f9e6a|Fall 2015 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bSept. 1 – Oct. 21, 20151316
ENV5212.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1441ENV5212.AClimate Change and the LawBach,Tracy<div>Climate change is the environmental issue of the 21st century. Atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases (GHGs) are at the highest levels they have been in Earth's history. With the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)'s Fifth Assessment Report (AR5), strong consensus now exists that human-made GHG emissions have caused the steady increase in average global temperature chronicled during the past century. Considerable uncertainty about the pace and severity of climate change—not its existence—affects our legal and policy responses to it. Scientists warn that urgent action is needed to avoid dangerous "tipping points." Longer term climate change impacts vary across the globe. The rising sea level around island countries like Tuvalu spell disruption of human settlement and labors, while at the same time melting polar ice opens up new shipping lanes and economic opportunity. Because climate change is global, successful mitigation and adaptation efforts require international cooperation and national political will. This class provides a basic introduction to the science and economics of climate change, as well as the emerging laws and policies intended to control GHGs. We will assess the effectiveness of national and international efforts to date, in both developed and developing countries. Within the United States, we will explore the ways in which the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the federal government, as well as some states, have responded. Finally, we will conclude our study by learning about the ways nongovernmental actors factor into climate change policymaking.</div> <div><strong>This class is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#2e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9;L0|#02e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9|Spring 2016 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJan. 12 – March 2, 20161441
ENV5214.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1442ENV5214.AClimate Change Mitigation<div>The heat is on, in the courts as well as the biosphere. Seeking to prod faster governmental response to the growing menace of climate change, advocates are turning to a variety of different legal, advocacy, and technological methods to reduce carbon and other greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere and reduce the overall impact of climate change on the planet. Climate litigation has brought together an intriguing coalition of states, environmentalists, and "green" economic interests. Emboldened by the landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in Massachusetts v. EPA, federal courts across the country have handed down a number of important decisions with more to come. Using these decisions and new found powers of the federal and state government, as well as increased technological experimentation, students will consider whether climate change can be mitigated, whether geoengineering and geoforming practices can make a difference, or whether the tide has turned.</div> <div><strong>This course is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#2e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9;L0|#02e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9|Spring 2016 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJan. 12 – March 2, 20161442
ENV5218.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1267ENV5218.AInternational Climate Change LawBach,Tracy<div> Class work will focus on the language and structure of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto Protocol; the COP/CMP process and procedure; specific substantive issues like REDD+ and land use overall, adaptation and the Loss and Damage Mechanism (LDM), CDM and other flexibility mechanisms, finance and technology transfer, and post Kyoto Protocol negotiations under the ADP; individual parties' and party groups' negotiating positions; and the role of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and side events in the process.</div> <div> Delegation members will attend one week of COP21 plenary sessions and side events, where they will follow negotiations and issue development, and blog about their observations and analysis. In addition, students will work to support a Least Developed Country (LDC) State Party delegation in the COP21/CMP11 negotiations, to apply their learning through service to others. The VLS delegation will track topics of interest for this UNFCCC state party, brief it on COP activities, and prepare research and analysis of COP21/CMP11 negotiation issues. Through both the classroom and experiential components of this course, students will develop a deeper understanding of international environmental lawmaking informed by first-hand experience.</div> <div> This is a writing intensive course and so students' work in it is evaluated via briefing memos (2), blogging (both before and during the COP), note taking at the COP, and a short reflective memo upon return from the COP. In addition, students are evaluated on their contributions to the classroom discussions, active engagement at the COP, and overall teamwork.</div> <div> During the on-site component in Paris, students will represent VLS as members of its Observer Delegation accredited by the United Nations. As such, they will be expected to comport themselves in an appropriate manner, attend all assigned COP sessions and side events, and contribute to the delegation's social media presence. Students agree that by registering for the course and being selected for the delegation, they will attend COP21 in December, 2015.</div> <div> Attendance at COP21 will require students to miss either the last week of classes or the first week of reading period/ exams. Students will work with Professor Bach to minimize the impact that their COP21 absence has on their other classes.</div> <div> Students will arrange and pay for their own travel expenses to and from Paris, scheduling their travel to arrive the day before their COP21 week begins and to depart after their COP21 week has finished. We will strive to keep our costs down by sharing a living space and meals; students can estimate up approximately $2000-2500 for airfare, shared lodging, and shared meals (breakfast and dinner).</div> <div> Please note: The UNFCCC Secretariat limits our observer delegation to 5 student members per week or 10 students total. To stay within this limit, registered students will be selected for the delegation based on a combination of the following information:</div> <div> 1. relevant course work, such as International Law, International Environmental Law, and Climate Change and the Law (whether taught on campus or via distance learning);<br> 2. an interview with Professor Bach;<br> 3. a timed writing sample, and<br> 4. an application form that includes your VLS transcript and 1 VLS reference.</div> <div> <strong>Method of evaluation is spelled out in the description (no exam, variety of writing projects) and the AWR option is NOT offered.</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#5035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542;L0|#05035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542|Fall 2015;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bR 3:35 - 5:15pm1267
ENV5220.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1320ENV5220.AEnvironmental Economics and Markets<div>This course introduces students to the discipline of environmental economics and exposes them to debates over the use of market-based instruments in environmental, energy, and climate policy. It also introduces students to basic economics and finance concepts, examines key principles about market behavior and efficiency, and applies these basic elements and concepts to common environmental problems and actual case studies.</div> <div><strong>Approved for Master’s credit only.</strong></div>GP0|#db80ff7b-a965-4229-8201-57a7f62f9e6a;L0|#0db80ff7b-a965-4229-8201-57a7f62f9e6a|Fall 2015 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bSept. 1 – Oct. 21, 20151320
ENV5220.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1380ENV5220.AEnvironmental Economics and MarketsJones,Kevin<div>The course introduces students to the discipline of environmental economics and exposes them to debates over the use of market-based instruments in environmental, energy, and climate policy. It introduces students to basic economics and finance concepts, examines key principles about market behavior and efficiency, and applies these basic elements and concepts to common environmental problems and actual case studies. Economic concepts are applied to environmental and natural resource policy areas including water resources, energy, food and agriculture, land use, forests, as well as, air and water pollution.   </div>3.00000000000000GP0|#f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f;L0|#0f98844b7-83b3-454b-b01d-8aaf56f6953f|Spring 2016;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMW 8:30 - 9:45am1380
ENV5220.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1458ENV5220.AEnvironmental Economics and Markets<div>This course introduces students to the discipline of environmental economics and exposes them to debates over the use of market-based instruments in environmental, energy, and climate policy. It also introduces students to basic economics and finance concepts, examines key principles about market behavior and efficiency, and applies these basic elements and concepts to common environmental problems and actual case studies.</div> <div><strong>This class is approved for Master’s credit only.</strong></div>GP0|#2e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9;L0|#02e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9|Spring 2016 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJan. 12 – March 2, 20161458
ENV5226.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1224ENV5226.AEnergy Law and Policy in a Carbon-Constrained WorldDworkin,Michael<div>The energy industry is both a key to the life that billions seek and America's most significant source of pollution. Environmental problems are the energy industry's most important constraint.</div> <div> This course examines key issues in American energy policy, and searches for ways to resolve or ease the strains which that policy puts upon environmental sustainability.</div> <div> We will review fundamental vocabulary and facts about our energy demands, evaluate sample regulatory orders and statutes and consider legal writings that address many of those elements from the perspective of legal review. Readings will include ethical issues of social justice in siting projects, meeting – or limiting – energy demand, the statutory schemes underlying traditional regulation, and a brief introduction to the wholesale electric markets that are considered in more detail in the follow-up spring semester.</div> <div><strong> Method of evaluation: Mid-term essay; take home final exam and class participation.</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#5035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542;L0|#05035a800-df31-43b2-8eaf-589758e7f542|Fall 2015;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMW 11:20 - 12:35pm1224

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