​​​​​​​​​​Note: The American Bar Association limits the number of credits a student may take online. Please discuss these limitations with your academic advisor or check with your State Bar Association.​

 Term 1

 

 

ENV5105.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1439ENV5105.AAdministrative Law<div>The goal of Administrative Law is to provide students with a working knowledge of the general principles of administrative law, a general knowledge of the workings of bureaucratic institutions, and an understanding of the critiques of government. The course examines the implementation of legislative policy through administrative agencies, including the role of administrative agencies in the governmental process, rulemaking, adjudication, and judicial review of agency actions.</div> <div><strong>This course is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#2e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9;L0|#02e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9|Spring 2016 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJan. 12 – March 2, 20161439
ENV5112.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1459ENV5112.AScience for Environmental Law<div>Ecology is an integrative science that can provide insight into many contemporary environmental problems. This course will explore the principles of ecology using a hands-on, interdisciplinary approach. Course work stresses the inventorying of biotic and physical components of a landscape (pieces), examining how these pieces are distributed (patterns), and determining what forces drive these patterns (processes). Topics will include interpreting the natural and cultural histories of a landscape, biodiversity conservation, and the scientific method, among others. This course requires minimal previous scientific understanding.</div> <div><strong>This class is approved for Masters credit only.</strong></div>GP0|#2e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9;L0|#02e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9|Spring 2016 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJan. 12 – March 2, 20161459
ENV5212.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1441ENV5212.AClimate Change and the LawBach,Tracy<div>Climate change is the environmental issue of the 21st century. Atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases (GHGs) are at the highest levels they have been in Earth's history. With the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)'s Fifth Assessment Report (AR5), strong consensus now exists that human-made GHG emissions have caused the steady increase in average global temperature chronicled during the past century. Considerable uncertainty about the pace and severity of climate change—not its existence—affects our legal and policy responses to it. Scientists warn that urgent action is needed to avoid dangerous "tipping points." Longer term climate change impacts vary across the globe. The rising sea level around island countries like Tuvalu spell disruption of human settlement and labors, while at the same time melting polar ice opens up new shipping lanes and economic opportunity. Because climate change is global, successful mitigation and adaptation efforts require international cooperation and national political will. This class provides a basic introduction to the science and economics of climate change, as well as the emerging laws and policies intended to control GHGs. We will assess the effectiveness of national and international efforts to date, in both developed and developing countries. Within the United States, we will explore the ways in which the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the federal government, as well as some states, have responded. Finally, we will conclude our study by learning about the ways nongovernmental actors factor into climate change policymaking.</div> <div><strong>This class is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#2e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9;L0|#02e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9|Spring 2016 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJan. 12 – March 2, 20161441
ENV5214.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1442ENV5214.AClimate Change Mitigation<div>The heat is on, in the courts as well as the biosphere. Seeking to prod faster governmental response to the growing menace of climate change, advocates are turning to a variety of different legal, advocacy, and technological methods to reduce carbon and other greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere and reduce the overall impact of climate change on the planet. Climate litigation has brought together an intriguing coalition of states, environmentalists, and "green" economic interests. Emboldened by the landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in Massachusetts v. EPA, federal courts across the country have handed down a number of important decisions with more to come. Using these decisions and new found powers of the federal and state government, as well as increased technological experimentation, students will consider whether climate change can be mitigated, whether geoengineering and geoforming practices can make a difference, or whether the tide has turned.</div> <div><strong>This course is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#2e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9;L0|#02e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9|Spring 2016 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJan. 12 – March 2, 20161442
ENV5220.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1458ENV5220.AEnvironmental Economics and Markets<div>This course introduces students to the discipline of environmental economics and exposes them to debates over the use of market-based instruments in environmental, energy, and climate policy. It also introduces students to basic economics and finance concepts, examines key principles about market behavior and efficiency, and applies these basic elements and concepts to common environmental problems and actual case studies.</div> <div><strong>This class is approved for Master’s credit only.</strong></div>GP0|#2e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9;L0|#02e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9|Spring 2016 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJan. 12 – March 2, 20161458
ENV5226.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1444ENV5226.AEnergy Law and Policy in a Carbon-Constrained World<div>The energy industry is both a key to the life that billions seek and America's most significant source of pollution. Environmental problems are the energy industry's most important constraint. This course examines key issues in American energy policy, and searches for ways to resolve or ease the strains, which that policy puts upon environmental sustainability. We will review fundamental facts about our energy demands and sample regulatory orders and legal writings that address many of those elements from the perspective of a legal review. Background readings will include ethical issues of social justice in siting projects and meeting-- or limiting--energy demand, the statutory schemes underlying traditional regulation, and an introduction to wholesale electric markets.</div> <div><strong>This course is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#2e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9;L0|#02e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9|Spring 2016 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJan. 12 – March 2, 20161444
ENV5343.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1456ENV5343.AClimate Change Adaptation in Human Systems<div>Most leading scientists and policymakers agree that, even if the international community acts promptly to limit future greenhouse gas emissions, levels of carbon and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere will continue to rise. Future accumulations of greenhouse gases are generally predicted to produce significant environmental effects, including higher sea levels, changes in temperature and precipitation patterns, reductions in snowfall and the extent of glaciers, and increasingly intense storms. This class will examine the legal challenges raised by the unavoidable need for our society to adapt to the impacts of global warming. Some of the topics covered are alternative tools for dealing with eroding coastal shores and higher flooding risks, possible strategies for relocating urban populations to higher ground, appropriate federal and state property insurance policies in the era of global warming, and techniques for reallocating water supplies in periods of shortage. More generally, the course will explore global warming adaptation as an example of how the law and legal institutions evolve in response to major social changes.</div> <div><strong>This class is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#2e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9;L0|#02e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9|Spring 2016 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJan. 12 – March 2, 20161456
ENV5344.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1457ENV5344.AAlternative Fuels and Renewable Energy<div>Our world is fundamentally dependent on energy flows, yet the fuels and sources that have sustained us for the last century all seem to be showing tight limits or tragic flaws. This course explores the emerging field of renewable and alternative energy supplies. It reviews local, state, and federal laws and policies that promote (and impede) such sources, and considers emerging distributed generation models. Turning to technology-specific evaluations, it surveys the range of emerging technologies and looks in depth into some specific models of high potential or value, concluding with consideration of proposed strategies for reducing greenhouse gases.</div> <div><strong>This class is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#2e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9;L0|#02e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9|Spring 2016 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJan. 12 – March 2, 20161457
ENV5478.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1460ENV5478.AGlobal Food Security and Social Justice<div>This course addresses the legal landscape of global hunger, and the ways in which climate change, population growth and economic inequality intersect with food security law and policy challenges. First, we’ll address how “food security” and “hunger” are defined and measured for policy-making purposes. Then, we’ll explore international legal frameworks supporting food security and comparative domestic legal frameworks impacting food security, including Constitutional food rights, agriculture subsidies and tariffs, and public food and nutrition assistance programs. Next, the course examines the ownership of the food supply, including transnational corporations’ impact on the food system, commodities markets’ impact on global food prices, intellectual property rights with respect to biotechnology/GMO, and the role and impact of the WTO in moderating trade. Finally, we’ll address structural legal shortcomings of our international food aid system. Throughout the course, we’ll examine how climate change, population growth and economic inequality complicate the relevant food security topics.</div> <div><strong>This class is approved for JD credit.</strong></div>GP0|#2e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9;L0|#02e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9|Spring 2016 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJan. 12 – March 2, 20161460
REQ7180.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1455REQ7180.APublic Law<div>This course introduces the fields of legal analysis, research, and writing through the study of environmental statutes and case law. It also explores research and investigatory techniques, citation form, legal reasoning, writing skills, and professionalism. The class begins with case briefing exercises that examine environmental law and its interaction with civil procedure, torts, criminal law, property, and constitutional law. The course then concludes with a legal memorandum, of the student’s choosing, on a complex environmental issue.</div> <div><strong>This class is approved for JD Credit.</strong</div>GP0|#2e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9;L0|#02e498262-ea23-4d70-80ce-b825f96e85d9|Spring 2016 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJan. 12 – March 2, 20161455

 Term 2

 

 

ADR6415.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1462ADR6415.AEnvironmental Dispute Resolution<div>This course explores the characteristics of environmental disputes, examines alternative dispute resolution processes (including mediation, arbitration, negotiated rulemaking, and facilitation), and assesses relevant policy and practical considerations in selecting the most effective method of resolving environmental disputes. A major theme of this course will be to compare the advantages and disadvantages of adversarial and collaborative approaches in environmental conflicts, including ones involving environmental regulation and compliance, remediation of contaminated property, land use, and climate change. This course will use simulations to explore a range of dispute resolution processes and the role of impartial third parties and lawyers in these processes. The instructor will use numerous case studies and students should be prepared to actively engage in each class session.</div> <div><strong>This class is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de;L0|#0f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de|Spring 2016 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMarch 8 – April 27, 20161462
ENV5115.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1463ENV5115.AEnvironmental Law<div>This course is an introduction to the law of pollution control, management of hazardous materials, and preservation of natural resources, with a particular emphasis on major federal environmental statutes, including the National Environmental Policy Act, Clean Water Act, Clean Air Act, and Superfund. The contrasting regulatory mechanisms in the different statutes, with consideration given to the economic and ethical assumptions underlying the different approaches, and the resolution of environmental problems through private litigation, federal regulation, economic incentive systems, and judicial review of administrative decisions are examined.</div> <div><strong>This class is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de;L0|#0f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de|Spring 2016 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMarch 8 – April 27, 20161463
ENV5122.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1464ENV5122.ACommunication, Advocacy and Leadership<div>A successful environmental professional should possess the ability to advocate, counsel, investigate, persuade, research, and educate. This course will develop those skills through various writing and oral advocacy projects. In addition to other writing projects, students will compose a Freedom of Information Act request, draft a public comment letter, write a grant proposal letter of inquiry, and create an environmental communication campaign. Different skills will be emphasized through the exploration of these diverse types of writing. The class will focus extensively on the craft of writing well.</div> <div><strong>This class is approved for JD Credit.<br>This class is not available to LLM students.</strong></div>GP0|#f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de;L0|#0f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de|Spring 2016 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMarch 8 – April 27, 20161464
ENV5228.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1461ENV5228.AEnergy Regulation and the Environment<div>This course builds on the course Energy Law and Policy in a Carbon-Constrained World. The course exposes students to the legal, economic, and structural issues involved in both energy regulation and energy markets, focusing on electricity. The course examines the evolution, theory, and techniques of the monopoly regulation. Students learn how utilities are regulated. We examine rate setting, rate design and regulatory alternatives to traditional rates such as performance-based rates. The course then examines evolving competitive, market-based alternatives. The course exposes students to the latest approaches to managing the electric grid, to renewable energy strategies and procurement, energy efficiency, demand side management, and green markets.</div> <div><strong>This class is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de;L0|#0f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de|Spring 2016 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMarch 8 – April 27, 20161461
ENV5235.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1465ENV5235.ANatural Resources Law<div>One third of the nation's land base belongs to the American public and is managed by the United States Forest Service and agencies of the Department of the Interior. The federal lands provide significant wildlife habitat and clean water, and are important sources of timber, forage, and energy. They also offer opportunities for recreation. Through this course students will examine the statutes and regulations governing the management of the federal lands and their resources. Students will consider the historical, political, and ecological influences on the law and management of these resources. They will also be introduced to the agencies with jurisdiction over the components of the federal estate.</div> <div><strong>This class is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de;L0|#0f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de|Spring 2016 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMarch 8 – April 27, 20161465
ENV5469.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1466ENV5469.AOil and Gas Development and the Environment<div>This course reviews oil and gas regulation, both up and down stream, in the United States and around the world. With an eye toward the hot issue of the day – Fracking, the proposed natural gas pipeline through, Middle East oil reserves and trade, and so forth – this course gives students a clearer understanding of the legal regime that makes the oil and gas exploration, extraction, refining, distribution and sale markets work around the world.</div> <div><strong>This class is approved for JD Credit.</strong></div>GP0|#f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de;L0|#0f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de|Spring 2016 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMarch 8 – April 27, 20161466
ENV5479http://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1471ENV5479Law and Policy of Local Food SystemsBoepple, Beth<div>This course explores state and local policies that impact distribution of food, restaurant regulation, and comparisons of state-level initiatives to bolster local food markets. Students will be exposed to specific skills for small and mid-size producers and entrepreneurs working in the agricultural and food industries. Finally, students will examine the state and local food laws and emerging entrepreneurial trends in food production. As state and local governments often control and implement even sweeping federal laws, students will explore the ground-level realities of working in the new food economy. Many states have implemented local policies in the interest of encouraging increased food production, and students will explore those new trends and innovative experiments.</div><div><strong>This class is approved for JD credit.</strong></div>GP0|#f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de;L0|#0f1ef7083-e1ee-457b-bdad-2d47bc3270de|Spring 2016 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMarch 8 – April 27, 20161471