​​​Note: The American Bar Association limits the number of credits a student may take online. Please discuss these limitations with your academic advisor or check with your State Bar Association. ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​

 Term 1

 

 

ENV5112.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1160ENV5112.AScience for Environmental LawJones,Ross​<div>Ecology is an integrative science that can provide insight into many contemporary environmental problems. Through visits to a variety of field sites in central Vermont, readings, and lectures, this course will explore the principles of ecology using a hands-on, interdisciplinary approach. Course work stresses the inventorying of biotic and physical components of a landscape (pieces), examining how these pieces are distributed (patterns), and determining what forces drive these patterns (processes). Topics will include interpreting the natural and cultural histories of a landscape, biodiversity conservation, and the scientific method, among others. This course requires minimal previous scientific understanding.​</div> <div><strong>Approved for Master’s credit only.</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#040c0927-4290-4f83-a1b2-a8d1d6bd141a;L0|#0040c0927-4290-4f83-a1b2-a8d1d6bd141a|Summer 2015 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMay 5 - June 22, 20151160
ENV5122.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1161ENV5122.ACommunication, Advocacy and LeadershipCarter,Jared<div>A successful environmental professional should possess the ability to advocate, counsel, investigate, persuade, research, and educate. This course will develop those skills through various writing and oral advocacy projects. In addition to other writing projects, students will compose a Freedom of Information Act request, draft a public comment letter, write a grant proposal letter of inquiry, and create an environmental communication campaign. Different skills will be emphasized through the exploration of these diverse types of writing. The class will focus extensively on the craft of writing well.​</div> <div><strong>This class has been approved for JD credit.<br>This class is not available to LLM students.</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#040c0927-4290-4f83-a1b2-a8d1d6bd141a;L0|#0040c0927-4290-4f83-a1b2-a8d1d6bd141a|Summer 2015 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMay 5 - June 22, 2015Francis,Clay1161
ENV5212.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1162ENV5212.AClimate Change and the LawBaker,Shalanda<div>Climate change is the most profound social and environmental issue of the 21st century. This course will integrate the emerging science and law of climate change along with economic and intergenerational equity aspects of the problem. We will consider how existing federal laws such as the Clean Air Act and NEPA may be used to address climate change as well as how new more comprehensive laws may be fashioned. Different policy instruments will be considered including carbon taxes and emissions trading. State and regional approaches will be considered along with questions of federalism and preemption. Both supply-side and demand-side energy options will be evaluated, along with the transportation and land use sectors. Measures to reduce tropical deforestation and wetland loss will be included. Corporate responsibility, risk disclosures, and the role of socially responsible institutional investors will be examined. The development of new international agreements in a "post-Kyoto" world will be reviewed. Guest speakers will provide a variety of perspectives.​</div> <div><strong>This class has been approved for JD credit.</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#040c0927-4290-4f83-a1b2-a8d1d6bd141a;L0|#0040c0927-4290-4f83-a1b2-a8d1d6bd141a|Summer 2015 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMay 5 - June 22, 20151162
ENV5220.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1163ENV5220.AEnvironmental Economics and MarketsLetendre,Steven<div>​​The course introduces students to the discipline of environmental economics and exposes them to debates over the use of market-based instruments in environmental, energy, and climate policy. It also introduces students to basic economics and finance concepts, examines key principles about market behavior and efficiency, and applies these basic elements and concepts to common environmental problems and actual case studies.​</div> <div><strong>Approved for Master’s credit only.</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#040c0927-4290-4f83-a1b2-a8d1d6bd141a;L0|#0040c0927-4290-4f83-a1b2-a8d1d6bd141a|Summer 2015 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMay 5 - June 22, 20151163
ENV5226.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1164ENV5226.AEnergy Law and Policy in a Carbon-Constrained WorldKreis,Donald<div>The energy industry is both a key to the life that billions seek and America's most significant source of pollution. Environmental problems are the energy industry's most important constraint. This course examines key issues in American energy policy, and searches for ways to resolve or ease the strains, which that policy puts upon environmental sustainability. We will review fundamental facts about our energy demands and sample regulatory orders and legal writings that address many of those elements from the perspective of a legal review. Background readings will include ethical issues of social justice in siting projects and meeting-- or limiting--energy demand, the statutory schemes underlying traditional regulation, and an introduction to wholesale electric markets.​</div> <div><strong>This class has been approved for JD credit.</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#040c0927-4290-4f83-a1b2-a8d1d6bd141a;L0|#0040c0927-4290-4f83-a1b2-a8d1d6bd141a|Summer 2015 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMay 5 - June 22, 20151164
ENV5344.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1165ENV5344.AAlternative Fuels and Renewable EnergyMitchell,Clay<div>Our world is fundamentally dependent on energy flows, yet the fuels and sources that have sustained us for the last century all seem to be showing tight limits or tragic flaws. This course, taught by a former administrative law judge for the California Public Utility Commission, explores the emerging field of renewable and alternative energy supplies. It reviews local, state, and federal laws and policies that promote (and impede) such sources, and considers emerging distributed generation models. Turning to technology-specific evaluations, it surveys the range of emerging technologies and looks in depth into some specific models of high potential or value, concluding with consideration of proposed strategies for reducing greenhouse gases.​</div> <div><strong>This class has been approved for JD credit.</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#040c0927-4290-4f83-a1b2-a8d1d6bd141a;L0|#0040c0927-4290-4f83-a1b2-a8d1d6bd141a|Summer 2015 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMay 5 - June 22, 20151165
ENV5411.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1166ENV5411.AFederal Regulation of Food and AgricultureBeyranevand,Laurie<div>This course provides an overview of the U.S. Farm Bill and other federal laws that impact growing policy, animal husbandry, and food production. Students will examine federal farm and agriculture law with specific emphasis on the Farm Bill and its myriad of agriculture, nutrition and environmental programs. This course will explore the ways in which the Farm Bill, the single largest funding source for everything from childhood nutrition to land trust acquisition, impacts everything from U.S. international policy stances to the availability of local food resources. Students will also examine the Food and Drug Administration’s role in managing food and agricultural concerns in the United States.</div> <div><strong>Approved for Master’s credit only.</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#040c0927-4290-4f83-a1b2-a8d1d6bd141a;L0|#0040c0927-4290-4f83-a1b2-a8d1d6bd141a|Summer 2015 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMay 5 - June 22, 20151166
REQ7180.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1167REQ7180.APublic LawSoler,Adrienne<div>This course introduces the fields of legal analysis, research, and writing through the study of environmental statutes and case law. It also explores research and investigatory techniques, citation form, legal reasoning, writing skills, and professionalism. The class begins with case briefing exercises that examine environmental law and its interaction with civil procedure, torts, criminal law, property, and constitutional law. The course then concludes with a legal memorandum, of the student’s choosing, on a complex environmental issue.​</div> <div><strong>This class has been approved for JD credit.<br>This class is not available to LLM students.</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#040c0927-4290-4f83-a1b2-a8d1d6bd141a;L0|#0040c0927-4290-4f83-a1b2-a8d1d6bd141a|Summer 2015 - 1 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMay 5 - June 22, 20151167

 Term 2

 

 

ADR6415.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1152ADR6415.AEnvironmental Dispute ResolutionNolon,Sean<div>This course explores the characteristics of environmental disputes, examines alternative dispute resolution processes (including mediation, arbitration, negotiated rulemaking, and facilitation), and assesses relevant policy and practical considerations in selecting the most effective method of resolving environmental disputes. A major theme of this course will be to compare the advantages and disadvantages of adversarial and collaborative approaches in environmental conflicts, including ones involving environmental regulation and compliance, remediation of contaminated property, land use, and climate change. This course will use simulations to explore a range of dispute resolution processes and the role of impartial third parties and lawyers in these processes. The instructor will use numerous case studies and extensive experience as an environmental mediator and facilitator. Students should be prepared to actively engage in each class session.​</div> <div><strong>This class has been approved for JD credit.</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#6deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4;L0|#06deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4|Summer 2015 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJune 30 - August 24, 2015McCormack,Beth1152
ENV5105.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1150ENV5105.AAdministrative LawKreis,Donald<div>The goal of Administrative Law is to provide students with a working knowledge of the general principles of administrative law, a general knowledge of the workings of bureaucratic institutions, and an understanding of the critiques of government. The course examines the implementation of legislative policy through administrative agencies, including the role of administrative agencies in the governmental process, rulemaking, adjudication, and judicial review of agency actions.​</div> <div><strong>This class has been approved for JD credit.</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#6deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4;L0|#06deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4|Summer 2015 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJune 30 - August 24, 20151150
ENV5108.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1151ENV5108.AIntro to the Law and Policy of Agriculture, Food and the EnvironmentRistino,Laurie<div>This survey course brings together American law impacting agriculture and food and explores the traditional divisions between agriculture, food, and environmental regulation. The course provides a hard look at the agriculture and food production sector and involves not only an examination of traditional farming and food safety policies but the ways in which these policies intersect with environmental law and health care policy, as well as important sectors from local land use planning to international trade. The emergence of local food movements also invites an exploration of new business models that provide for entrepreneurial activity in the food and food production space.</div> <div><strong>Approved for Master’s credit only.</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#6deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4;L0|#06deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4|Summer 2015 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJune 30 - August 24, 20151151
ENV5115.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1153ENV5115.AEnvironmental LawJones,Ross<div>This course is an introduction to the law of pollution control, management of hazardous materials, and preservation of natural resources, with a particular emphasis on major federal environmental statutes, including the National Environmental Policy Act, Clean Water Act, Clean Air Act, and Superfund. The contrasting regulatory mechanisms in the different statutes, with consideration given to the economic and ethical assumptions underlying the different approaches, and the resolution of environmental problems through private litigation, federal regulation, economic incentive systems, and judicial review of administrative decisions are examined.​</div> <div><strong>This class has been approved for JD credit.</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#6deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4;L0|#06deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4|Summer 2015 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJune 30 - August 24, 2015Ruley,Doug1153
ENV5228.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1154ENV5228.AEnergy Regulation and the EnvironmentLetendre,Steven<div>This course builds on the course Energy Law and Policy in a Carbon-Constrained World. The course exposes students to the legal, economic, and structural issues involved in both energy regulation and energy markets, focusing on electricity. The course examines the evolution, theory, and techniques of the monopoly regulation. Students learn how utilities are regulated. We examine rate setting, rate design and regulatory alternatives to traditional rates such as performance-based rates. The course then examines evolving competitive, market-based alternatives. The course exposes students to the latest approaches to managing the electric grid, to renewable energy strategies and procurement, energy efficiency, demand side management, and green markets.​</div> <div><strong>This class has been approved for JD credit.</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#6deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4;L0|#06deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4|Summer 2015 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJune 30 - August 24, 20151154
ENV5235.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1155ENV5235.ANatural Resources LawCarter,Jared<div>One third of the nation's land base belongs to the American public and is managed by the United States Forest Service and agencies of the Department of the Interior. The federal lands provide significant wildlife habitat and clean water, and are important sources of timber, forage, and energy. They also offer opportunities for recreation. Through this course students will examine the statutes and regulations governing the management of the federal lands and their resources. Students will consider the historical, political, and ecological influences on the law and management of these resources. They will also be introduced to the agencies with jurisdiction over the components of the federal estate.​</div> <div><strong>This class has been approved for JD credit.</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#6deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4;L0|#06deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4|Summer 2015 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJune 30 - August 24, 2015Hoffmann,Hillary1155
ENV5336.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1156ENV5336.AClimate Change, Extinction and AdaptationTuholske,Jack<div>Human activities are causing a global mass extinction of plants and animals that rivals the five great extinction events over the earth's geologic history. Historically, habitat loss, overharvest, introduction of invasive species, and pollution has been the principal causes of this "Sixth Great Extinction." There is now a strong scientific consensus that the greatest threat to global biodiversity is climate change caused by anthropogenic sources of greenhouse gases, primarily carbon dioxide. Some scientists estimate that a third to a half of all species on earth may disappear by the end of this century unless atmospheric concentrations of GHG are stabilized over the next two decades. Ecosystems are shifting and changing, and some--such as the arctic, coral reefs and high elevation habitat--may disappear altogether. This course looks at the ecological, social, and ethical consequences of this biological impoverishment and considers various legal and policy options to address the phenomenon of climate change. The course will address the extent to which laws like the Endangered Species Act of 1973 can be used to address both conventional threats to species as well as the more challenging threat of climate change. International laws such as CITES and the Convention on Biodiversity will also be considered. The course will include a brief review of the policy instruments, such as debt forgiveness and tropical forest preservation that combine habitat conservation and carbon sequestration. Insights from the fields of conservation biology and ecological economics will be integrated into the discussions, and guest speakers will help round out the understanding of the richness and complexity of the issues.​</div> <div><strong>This class has been approved for JD credit.</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#6deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4;L0|#06deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4|Summer 2015 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJune 30 - August 24, 20151156
ENV5343.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1157ENV5343.AClimate Change Adaptation in Human SystemsCote,Michael<div>Most leading scientists and policymakers agree that, even if the international community acts promptly to limit future greenhouse gas emissions, levels of carbon and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere will continue to rise. Future accumulations of greenhouse gases are generally predicted to produce significant environmental effects, including higher sea levels, changes in temperature and precipitation patterns, reductions in snowfall and the extent of glaciers, and increasingly intense storms. This seminar will examine the legal challenges raised by the unavoidable need for our society to adapt (at least some, perhaps a lot) to the impacts of global warming. Some of the topics covered are alternative tools for dealing with eroding coastal shores and higher flooding risks, possible strategies for relocating urban populations to higher ground, appropriate federal and state property insurance policies in the era of global warming, and techniques for reallocating water supplies in periods of shortage. More generally, the course will explore global warming adaptation as an example of how the law and legal institutions evolve in response to major social changes.​</div> <div><strong>This class has been approved for JD credit.</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#6deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4;L0|#06deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4|Summer 2015 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJune 30 - August 24, 20151157
ENV5469.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1158ENV5469.AOil and Gas Development and the EnvironmentSidortsov,Roman<div>This course reviews oil and gas regulation, both up and down stream, in the United States and around the world. With an eye toward the hot issue of the day – Fracking, the proposed natural gas pipeline through, Middle East oil reserves and trade, and so forth – this course gives students a clearer understanding of the legal regime that makes the oil and gas exploration, extraction, refining, distribution and sale markets work around the world.​</div> <div><strong>This class has been approved for JD credit.</strong></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#6deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4;L0|#06deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4|Summer 2015 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJune 30 – August 24, 20151158
ENV5478.Ahttp://portal.vermontlaw.edu/Metacatalogs/Lists/Classes/DispForm.aspx?ID=1437ENV5478.AGlobal Food Security and Social JusticeRenner,Jamie<div>This course addresses the legal landscape of global hunger, and the ways in which climate change, population growth and economic inequality intersect with food security law and policy challenges. First, we’ll address how “food security” and “hunger” are defined and measured for policy-making purposes. Then, we’ll explore international legal frameworks supporting food security and comparative domestic legal frameworks impacting food security, including Constitutional food rights, agriculture subsidies and tariffs, and public food and nutrition assistance programs. Next, the course examines the ownership of the food supply, including transnational corporations’ impact on the food system, commodities markets’ impact on global food prices, intellectual property rights with respect to biotechnology/GMO, and the role and impact of the WTO in moderating trade. Finally, we’ll address structural legal shortcomings of our international food aid system. Throughout the course, we’ll examine how climate change, population growth and economic inequality complicate the relevant food security topics.</div> <div><strong>Approved for Master’s credit only.</strong></div>GP0|#6deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4;L0|#06deb4b29-6711-465d-a456-80a8ccf404f4|Summer 2015 - 2 DL;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bJune 30 - August 24, 20151437