INT7407.A LawBaker,BetsyGermany's constitutional court is a model for post-dictatorial states in the New Europe. The legacy of France's Code Civil continues to evolve in dozens of countries worldwide. Canada is breaking new ground with bi-jural legal education. While practicing lawyers still talk about perceived differences between the Common Law and Civil Law, legal theorists debate whether the distinction was ever valid. We look at both approaches to understand what these different legal traditions and diverse national legal systems have to teach each other, and what a U.S. lawyer can learn for his or her practice, whether stateside or abroad. We begin by examining comparative law's purposes and methods. Then we devote several weeks to exploring how different countries within our own Western Legal Tradition understand sources of law, the relationship between codes and cases, and constitutional design, including questions of federalism, judicial review and balance of powers. We also look at civil and criminal procedure, legal education and the role of various legal actors. We study selected aspects of legal systems, focusing on France and Germany, with some discussion of "mixed" common/civil law jurisdictions (e.g. Louisiana, South Africa). We also study aspects of the European Union and, time permitting, an emerging legal system chosen to complement student paper topics and to contrast to the Western tradition. Satisfies Perspective requirement. Method of Evaluation: 1) Class participation, 2) a short, preliminary paper using the comparative method, and 3) a longer paper comparing how two different legal systems address the same legal question. This course is particularly recommended for students participating in any of the Vermont Law School study abroad programs. GP0|#30f7956a-fea3-4aca-a075-7f2e54a28a3c;L0|#030f7956a-fea3-4aca-a075-7f2e54a28a3c|2015 Spring;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMW 2:10 - 3:25pm322
INT7407.A LawBaker,Betsy3.00000000000000GP0|#62562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50;L0|#062562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50|2014 Spring;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMW 2:10 - 3:25pm64
INT7410.A Legal Method1.00000000000000GP0|#62562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50;L0|#062562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50|2014 Spring;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b65
INT7411.A Corporate LawLe Bars,Benoit1.00000000000000GP0|#62562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50;L0|#062562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50|2014 Spring;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b66
INT7412.A of the EUTeachout,PeterThe course will provide an introduction to European Union Law. It will cover the evolution and structure of the European Union, its institutions and law making process, the hierarchy and interaction of the different sources of law, and the role of the European Court of Justice and the national court systems in interpreting and applying EU law. After a general overview of the structure, principles and provisions of EU law, the course will cover several substantive areas in greater depth. Students will learn to navigate the different sources of EU law and understand the important decisions of the ECJ. Method of Evaluation: two-hour in-class exam.GP0|#30f7956a-fea3-4aca-a075-7f2e54a28a3c;L0|#030f7956a-fea3-4aca-a075-7f2e54a28a3c|2015 Spring;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bW 3:35 - 5:15pm323
INT7412.A of the EUTeachout,Peter2.00000000000000GP0|#62562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50;L0|#062562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50|2014 Spring;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bW 3:35 - 5:15pm67
INT7414.A Law TrentoTeachout,PeterThis one-credit-hour course offers students, who have taken or are enrolled in the basic European Union Law course, an opportunity to study specialized topics in European Union law at the University of Trento Law School in Italy during the week of Spring Break. The lectures, given by Trento faculty in English, vary in coverage from year to year but include such topics as environmental law, criminal law, fundamental rights, so-called "private law," and the equal treatment of men and women. Method of evaluation: one-hour in-class final exam scheduled either independently or in conjunction with the two-hour exam for European Union Law. IMPORTANT: Students taking the course will be billed a $300 administrative fee on their spring tuition bill to help defray the cost of providing stipends for participating Trento faculty. Because of the need for advance planning by our partner institution, students who drop the course after November 11th will forfeit the fee, regardless of whether they complete the course or not. Students enrolled in the course must arrange and pay for their own travel and lodging for the Italy portion of the course. GP0|#30f7956a-fea3-4aca-a075-7f2e54a28a3c;L0|#030f7956a-fea3-4aca-a075-7f2e54a28a3c|2015 Spring;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b324
INT7414.A Law TrentoTeachout,Peter1.00000000000000GP0|#62562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50;L0|#062562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50|2014 Spring;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b68
INT7416.A Business Transactions<div></div>3.00000000000000GP0|#62562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50;L0|#062562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50|2014 Spring;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMW 2:10-3:25pm69
INT7420.A Criminal LawStephens,Pamela3.00000000000000GP0|#62562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50;L0|#062562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50|2014 Spring;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bTR 11:20 - 12:35pm70
INT7421.A Environmental Law and PolicyBaker,BetsyThis course provides an introduction to the structure and basic principles of international environmental law (IEL) and to IEL's place in international and domestic legal systems. Specific topics include global warming, stratospheric ozone depletion, transboundary pollution, the law of the sea, and development and environment. The course evaluates the effectiveness of different IEL regimes, the role of international and non-governmental organizations in shaping IEL; the interrelationship between international legal process and domestic law; and the negotiation, conclusion, and implementation of international environmental agreements. Prior course work in environmental law and/or international law is helpful. Method of evaluation: Take-home exam and weekly logs throughout the semester.GP0|#30f7956a-fea3-4aca-a075-7f2e54a28a3c;L0|#030f7956a-fea3-4aca-a075-7f2e54a28a3c|2015 Spring;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMW 9:55 - 11:10am325
INT7421.A Environmental Law and PolicyBaker,Betsy3.00000000000000GP0|#62562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50;L0|#062562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50|2014 Spring;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMW 9:55-11:10am71
INT7424.A Human RightsPamela StephensThis seminar provides an introduction to international human rights law and procedures. It examines what are "human rights" and explores the law of treaty interpretation, how human rights law is incorporated into domestic legal systems, and the role of international governmental organizations, international and regional courts, and non-governmental organizations in protecting human rights. Students also learn how to research international law, and how to write legal analysis based on international law. Satisfies perspective requirement. Method of evaluation: Paper (AWR: yes) and class participation GP0|#30f7956a-fea3-4aca-a075-7f2e54a28a3c;L0|#030f7956a-fea3-4aca-a075-7f2e54a28a3c|2015 Spring;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bMW 11:20 - 12:35pm326
INT7425.A LawStephens,PamelaThis course provides an overview of the international legal system, with particular emphasis on how international law is made and enforced, whether by states, or states acting through international organizations or treaty bodies. It also deals with the relationship between international law and domestic law, primarily in the U.S. but also in other countries. Finally, as time permits, the course will consider areas of substantive international law, including the use of force, international human rights, and international environmental law. Method of evaluation: Final exam and class participationGP0|#b4211f7e-4adf-47e9-a445-b87a4379c928;L0|#0b4211f7e-4adf-47e9-a445-b87a4379c928|2014 Fall;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bTR 11:20 - 12:35pm225
INT7426.A Constitutional LawTeachout,PeterClass will meet for 2 weeks: Week of Orientation and Week of Fall Break This course uses a comparison of the Spanish and the U.S. constitutional systems to introduce students to the study of comparative constitutional law. We will compare and contrast the constitutional structures established by the two countries, the different procedures employed for constitutional review, and the different approaches to constitutional review and adjudication. This is a 2-credit course taught in compressed format in two weeks, one taught at VLS and the other in Spain at the University of Seville. The first component, taught at VLS early in the fall (normally during Orientation Week), will consist of a series of classes jointly taught by Professor Teachout and a visiting law professor from Seville. It will introduce the basics of Spanish constitutional law. The second component takes place over the Fall Break at the University of Seville in Spain. It consists of a series of lectures by constitutional experts at the University of Seville Law School. These lectures vary in coverage from year to year but will cover comparative constitutional approaches to, inter alia, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, environmental protection, protection of privacy, abortion rights, and gender-based discrimination. Evaluation will be based on a one-and-a-half hour in-class exam normally scheduled a couple weeks after returning from Spain. IMPORTANT: Students enrolled in the course as of July 8th, will be billed a $300 administrative fee on their fall tuition bill. The fee partially covers the expenses of the visiting professor from Spain and the expenses of holding the second component of the course at the University of Seville with lectures by Seville law faculty. Because of the need for advance planning by our partner institution, students who drop the course after July 8th will forfeit the fee, regardless of whether they complete the course or not. Students enrolled in the course must arrange and pay for their own travel and lodging for the Seville portion of the course. Method of evaluation: Final exam. GP0|#b4211f7e-4adf-47e9-a445-b87a4379c928;L0|#0b4211f7e-4adf-47e9-a445-b87a4379c928|2014 Fall;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b226
INT7428.A Regulation of TradeTeachout,PeterThis course provides students with an introduction to the rapidly developing field of international trade regulation. Our primary focus will be on the World Trade Organization and the interpretation and enforcement of the various international trade treaties - GATT, GATS, TRIPS, and TRIMS - that fall under the WTO's jurisdiction. Although these treaties vary in coverage and approach, they reflect a common aim - elimination of barriers to trade - and incorporate certain basic shared principles (such as the "equal treatment" principle underlying the National Treatment and Most Favorable Nation provisions). Other bi-lateral and multi-lateral trade agreements (such as NAFTA) will also be considered, focusing in particular on the investment protection provisions contained in such agreements. This course is an essential foundation course for any student interested in pursuing a career in international law. **Method of evaluation: Final exam: self-scheduled; 8-hours. *Students who wish to satisfy their AWR requirement by writing a paper on a selected topic of International Regulation of Trade may do so with permission of the instructor. GP0|#b4211f7e-4adf-47e9-a445-b87a4379c928;L0|#0b4211f7e-4adf-47e9-a445-b87a4379c928|2014 Fall;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b227
INT7428.A Regulation of TradeTeachout,Peter3.00000000000000GP0|#62562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50;L0|#062562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50|2014 Spring;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bTR 11:20-12:35pm72
INT7432.A Human RightsFarrior,Stephanie3.00000000000000GP0|#62562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50;L0|#062562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50|2014 Spring;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b73
INT7437.A to Chinese LawLin,YanmeiThis course intended to provide an introduction of contemporary Chinese law and legal institutions from a historical and comparative perspective. The course begins with a brief examination of the traditional Chinese legal system and an evaluation of China's legal reform before the establishment of the People's Republic of China (the PRC) and in the post-Mao era. The course will then give an overview of China's political system and the key areas of Chinese law, including civil and criminal law, constitutional and administrative law, and commercial law and environmental law. A major focus of the course will be the ways in which Chinese law and legal institutions have evolved since the beginning of the reform era in the late 1970s, and the major challenges faced by the legal system today. Topics to be covered include the formal legal system and its operation in practice; how China's legal system is addressing environmental challenges; and the role of judiciary and legal profession. There are no prerequisites for this course. Chinese language proficiency is useful, but not required. Students took part in the U.S.-China Joint Student Research Project Fellowship are recommended to take this course. Method of evaluation: Class participation (40%) and a short paper as a final exam 60%). GP0|#b4211f7e-4adf-47e9-a445-b87a4379c928;L0|#0b4211f7e-4adf-47e9-a445-b87a4379c928|2014 Fall;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bS 8 - 6:30pm, F 2:10 - 6:30pm228
INT7437.A to Chinese LawLiu,Jingjing2.00000000000000GP0|#62562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50;L0|#062562de9-e21d-4ed7-950e-9c5c0383fa50|2014 Spring;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81bT 3:35-5:15pm74
INT7440.A U.S.-China Environmental LawPercival,RobertThis course examines how China and the United States––the two countries with the greatest impacts on the planet’s environment––are using law to respond to environmental challenges. After an introduction to the history and structure of environmental law, the course compares approaches to regulation used in China with those employed by the U.S. The course compares and contrasts the policies of the two countries concerning environmental impact assessment, air and water pollution control, management of hazardous waste and remediation of contaminated sites, regulation of chemical products, environmental enforcement, energy policy and climate change, and transparency initiatives to improve corporate environmental performance.​GP0|#7e07fcf5-88ce-4cca-ab52-cd9303e752a7;L0|#07e07fcf5-88ce-4cca-ab52-cd9303e752a7|2014 Summer - Term 4;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b1 PM - 4 PMZhao,Huiyu136
INT7441.A Field StudyPercival,RobertComparative U.S.-China Environmental LawFollowing completion of the Comparative U.S.-China Environmental Law course, students may participate in an additional field trip to China. This trip will enable students to experience directly environmental conditions in China and to meet leading Chinese environmental scholars and activists.1.00000000000000GP0|#7e07fcf5-88ce-4cca-ab52-cd9303e752a7;L0|#07e07fcf5-88ce-4cca-ab52-cd9303e752a7|2014 Summer - Term 4;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81btbdZhao,Huiyu172
INT7446.A Trade and the EnvironmentWirth,DavidThis course is an up-to-the-minute, in-depth treatment of the intersection and frequent clash between two areas of policy and law, both of which are intended to promote human welfare and sustainable development: trade liberalization and environmental protection. The course addresses cutting-edge questions in the field, including protection of natural resources through unilateral trade-based measures, the legality of multilateral environmental agreements employing trade measures, utilization of science-based trade tests, and environmental impacts of foreign investment liberalization. The course analyzes all the major junctures in the evolution of this area of the law, including the tuna/dolphin, shrimp/turtle, asbestos, beef hormone, and genetically engineered food and crop cases, as well as investment disputes under NAFTA. Students will be exposed to the major international trade agreements and institutions, such as GATT, NAFTA, the World Trade Organization, and the draft Multilateral Agreement on Investment, in some detail. No prior familiarity with either trade law or environmental law is necessary or assumed.​GP0|#c9d2e10b-a965-48fa-a702-220e14b6f336;L0|#0c9d2e10b-a965-48fa-a702-220e14b6f336|2014 Summer - Term 3;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b9 AM - Noon153
INT7450.A Investment Arbitration and the EnvironmentOrellana,MarcosThis course will examine a cutting-edge area of environmental advocacy. Under the umbrella of sustainable development, the course brings together the points of contact between three areas of international law, namely investment, human rights, and the environment, which together form one of the most dynamic areas of international environmental advocacy today. The course will explore how the various treaties underlying these three regimes relate to one another, with a particular emphasis on dispute settlement. In this context, the seminar will examine conflict of norms and hierarchy issues, as well as interpretative tools to prevent or minimize conflict. Besides these theoretical inquiries, the course will cover particular themes where human rights, environmental, and investment law interact, such as: the right to health, the right to water and sanitation, due process and denial of justice, property rights and expropriation, and stabilization clauses and positive human rights obligations. The course will place special emphasis on bilateral investment treaty negotiations, as well as on international investment arbitrations involving health, safety and environmental measures.GP0|#7e07fcf5-88ce-4cca-ab52-cd9303e752a7;L0|#07e07fcf5-88ce-4cca-ab52-cd9303e752a7|2014 Summer - Term 4;GTSet|#ff5002fa-8399-4824-8dd4-231cdb4e3288;GPP|#938af55b-fbb1-40e4-b7f1-59a1714ca81b9 AM - Noon152